Cases reported "Scoliosis"

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1/5. Proliferative myositis in a child.

    A case of proliferative myositis in the lumbar paraspinal muscles in a 14-year-old boy is presented. Imaging investigations including plain radiograph, ultrasound, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), bone scan and positron emission tomography (PET) were suggestive of an inflammatory process such as myositis ossificans. The diagnosis was made by incisional biopsy. More pronounced edema, more muscle fiber necrosis and a higher cellularity were found compared to adult cases. The karyotype of the lesion was normal. Clinically, the mass disappeared spontaneously. After 24 months, asymptomatic bridging ossification between the third and fourth lumbar vertebrae was noted.
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ranking = 1
keywords = ossificans
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2/5. Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva: report of two cases.

    Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva (FOP) is a rare hereditary connective tissue disease, genetically inherited as an autosomal dominant trait with complete penetrance but variable expressivity. Onset is typically in childhood and progressive involvement of the spine and proximal extremities leads to immobility and articular dysfunction. We present two cases with the typical features of FOP and a review of the pathogenesis, clinical manifestations and treatment options of this rare disease.
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ranking = 193.71548501942
keywords = ossificans progressiva, progressiva, ossificans
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3/5. Myositas ossificans progressiva associated with severe scoliosis.

    This is an 11 year follow-up of a patient with myositis ossificans progressiva and severe scoliosis, an association that seems not to have been reported previously. A progressive increase of the curve occurred even after maturity. Early instrumentation and fusion should be considered on any similar case, with excision of ossific mass and its use as bone graft if technically feasible.
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ranking = 242.14435627428
keywords = ossificans progressiva, progressiva, ossificans
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4/5. Spinal deformity in patients who have fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva.

    We reviewed roentgenograms and clinical records in order to characterize the spinal deformity in forty patients who had an established diagnosis of fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva. Twenty-six (65 per cent) of the patients had scoliosis, which, according to the clinical records and the recollection of the patients, had been present during childhood. Twenty-three (88 per cent) of the twenty-six curves were unbalanced c-shaped curves, while the remaining three (12 per cent) were balanced s-shaped curves. Twenty-one (91 per cent) of the twenty-three c-shaped curves involved the thoraco-lumbar or lumbar spine. The c-shaped curves ranged in magnitude from 15 to more than 80 degrees. Curves became rigid by early adulthood and many resulted in severe pelvic obliquity with impaired sitting or standing balance. An osseous bridge developed between the posterolateral aspect of the iliac crest and the posterolateral aspect of the rib cage in twenty-two (55 per cent) of the forty patients. Nineteen (86 per cent) of these twenty-two patients had scoliosis; there was a significant association between the development of scoliosis and the presence of the osseous bridge (p < 0.005). Ossification of the paravertebral muscles and fascia during the first decade of life limited the development of a normal thoracic kyphosis in ten (42 per cent) of twenty-four patients for whom lateral roentgenograms of the spine were available. A spinal orthosis was used to treat the scoliosis in two patients, but this method resulted in breakdown of the skin and failed to halt progression of the curve.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
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ranking = 826.64551995086
keywords = fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva, ossificans progressiva, fibrodysplasia ossificans, progressiva, fibrodysplasia, ossificans
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5/5. Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva. Report of a case in trinidad and tobago.

    A case of fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva is herein reported in a 27-year-old black woman. This is a very rare condition, the first to be reported from trinidad and tobago.
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ranking = 359.04458900959
keywords = fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva, ossificans progressiva, fibrodysplasia ossificans, progressiva, fibrodysplasia, ossificans
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