Cases reported "Scrub Typhus"

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1/2. Identification of the target cells of orientia tsutsugamushi in human cases of scrub typhus.

    orientia tsutsugamushi is the etiologic agent of scrub typhus, a chigger-borne zoonosis that is a highly prevalent, life-threatening illness of greatest public health importance in tropical asia and the islands of the western pacific ocean. The target cell of this bacterium is poorly defined in humans. In this study, O. tsutsugamushi were identified by immunohistochemistry using a rabbit polyclonal antibody raised against O. tsutsugamushi Karp strain in paraffin-embedded archived autopsy tissues of three patients with clinical suspicion of scrub typhus who died during world war ii and the vietnam War. Rickettsiae were located in endothelial cells in all of the organs evaluated, namely heart, lung, brain, kidney, pancreas, and skin, and within cardiac muscle cells and in macrophages located in liver and spleen. Electron microscopy confirmed the location of rickettsiae in endothelium and cardiac myocytes.
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2/2. liver involvement in Tsutsugamushi disease.

    Tsutsugamushi disease, one of the rickettsiosis, is known to be occasionally accompanied by elevation of hepatic enzyme levels. However, there are only a few reports on histopathological findings of the liver. We presented a case of Tsutsugamushi disease with liver involvement. A 51-year-old man suffered from eruptions and a high fever with a mild transaminasemia. He was diagnosed as Tsutsugamushi disease by detection of IgM class antibody against rickettsia tsutsugamushi. Laparoscopic examination showed a dark-brown liver with diffuse whitish markings. Microscopic findings were consistent with the features of non-specific reactive hepatitis: sinusoidal small lymphocyte infiltrations, mild disarray of hepatocytes and aggregation of T lymphocytes and macrophages in the lobule.
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