Cases reported "Sebaceous Gland Neoplasms"

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1/91. A case of multiple sebaceous epithelioma: analysis of microsatellite instability.

    Sebaceous gland tumor is a rare disease that is a sign of muir-torre syndrome, an autosomal, dominantly inherited genodermatosis characterized by the presence of at least one sebaceous gland tumor and a minimum of one internal malignancy. Recent studies have indicated that defective dna mismatch repair occurs in muir-torre syndrome. Cutaneous lesions may occur before diagnosis of the internal cancer. We describe a 64-year-old male patient with multiple sebaceous epitheliomas with no evident internal malignancy. microsatellite instability, determined by examining dinucleotide CA repeats at the microsatellite loci, was observed in DNA from one sebaceous epithelioma but not from the other two sebaceous epitheliomas or from one basal cell epithelioma with sebaceous differentiation, suggesting that this condition is unlikely to be due to germ-line mutation of mismatch repair genes.
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2/91. Sebaceous carcinoma of the vulva.

    Extraocular sebaceous carcinoma is an uncommon neoplasm usually localized on the head and neck. sebaceous glands are abundant on the vulva, but vulvar sebaceous carcinoma is an uncommon neoplasm. To our knowledge, there are only five previously reported cases of sebaceous carcinoma on this location. We report an additional case of vulvar sebaceous carcinoma associated with bowen's disease in the overlying epidermis. The patient also had bowenoid papulosis involving the skin of labia majora. We analyzed by immunohistochemistry, Southern blot hybridization, and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) techniques for the presence of DNA of human papilloma viruses (HPVs) in the specimen of sebaceous carcinoma and in lesions of bowenoid papulosis. immunohistochemistry, Southern blot hybridization, and PCR studies in specimens of bowenoid papulosis lesions and sebaceous carcinoma did not detect DNA of HPVs. A significant increase in intranuclear p53 staining was demonstrated in several areas of neoplastic aggregations of sebaceous carcinoma.
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3/91. Synchronous ipsilateral sebaceous lymphadenoma and acinic cell adenocarcinoma of the parotid gland.

    The synchronous or metachronous occurrence of 2 tumors of the salivary glands in a patient is rare. These tumors are usually benign and of the same histologic type. Here we report a 78-year-old woman who developed a sebaceous lymphadenoma and an acinic cell adenocarcinoma simultaneously in the left parotid gland. To our knowledge, this combination of neoplasms has not been reported before.
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4/91. microsatellite instability and expression of hMLH-1 and hMSH-2 in sebaceous gland carcinomas as markers for muir-torre syndrome.

    Sebaceous gland carcinomas (SGCs) are rare malignant skin tumors occurring sporadically or as a phenotypic feature of the muir-torre syndrome (MTS). A subset of patients with MTS have a variant of the hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer syndrome caused by mutations in mismatch repair (MMR) genes, which lead to microsatellite instability (MSI). We evaluated the value of MSI and loss of expression of the MMR genes, hMLH-1 and hMSH-2, as a marker to identify and distinguish MTS from sporadic SGC. Using a nationwide pathology report database system, we identified patients with the MTS phenotype. SGCs from 10 MTS patients and the colorectal carcinomas from 3 additional MTS patients were collected. In addition, SGCs from eight patients without a history of visceral neoplasm were collected. MSI was detected in 9 of 13 MTS-associated tumors (69%) versus 0 of 8 sporadic SGCs (P = 0.002). Except for the age of onset of colorectal carcinoma [58 years in the MSI-positive group versus 69.8 years in the MSI-negative group (P = 0.17)], no differences were seen between the MSI-negative and the MSI-positive MTS patients. Loss of expression of hMLH-1 (n = 4) or hMSH-2 (n = 4) was found in MSI-positive patients only. MSI and loss of expression of MMR genes can be used as markers for MTS in patients with SGC. Consequently, MSI and loss of MMR gene expression in a patient presenting with SGC as the initial malignancy have important consequences for the patient and family. There are at least two variants of MTS with different molecular genetic mechanisms because 31% of the patients with the MTS phenotype had no MSI.
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5/91. Ductal sebaceoma (sebomatricoma).

    We present a case of an unusual tumour arising in the forehead of a 52-year-old female. The tumour, diagnosed as sebaceoma (or sebomatricoma), showed predominantly differentiation towards ductal protion of the sebaceous gland. It was marked in tissue sections as areas of "poroid" cells and the tumour required differentiation from poroma. Focal areas of necrosis en masse in the present tumour contributed further difficulties in to the differential diagnosis. As single multivacuolar sebocytes were found and no cuticular cells could be identified, the tumour was diagnosed as ductal sebaceoma (sebomatricoma). The aspects of morphological distinction between sebomatricomas and poromas are presented with its clinical implications.
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6/91. Sebaceous carcinoma with apocrine differentiation.

    A 54-year-old male had a dome-shaped and skin-colored nodule on his nose. Histopathologically, we diagnosed this neoplasm as a low-grade sebaceous carcinoma rather than a sebaceoma based on the scanning magnification and cytology. This low-grade sebaceous carcinoma was associated with glandular structures. We regarded the glandular structures as those of apocrine glandular differentiation based on 1) the histopathologic features of the glandular structures formed by columnar luminal cells with evidence of decapitation secretion; 2) the expression of cytokeratin (CK) 19, CK8, CK8/18, and CK7 in the luminal cells; 3) the positive reaction of carcinoembryonic antigen and epithelial membrane antigen on the luminal surface and in the cytoplasm of the luminal cells; and 4) the common embryologic origin of the folliculosebaceous-apocrine unit. We found CK15 expression in undifferentiated cells within the mantles of normal hair follicles, suggesting that sebaceous stem cells might exist in mantles as follicular stem cells exist in bulge areas. pluripotent stem cells in the folliculosebaceous-apocrine unit can give rise to follicular stem cells, sebaceous stem cells, and apocrine stem cells. Our patient's neoplasm showed apocrine glandular differentiation and partial immunohistochemical positivity for CK15 in the neoplastic aggregations. We believe this neoplasm originated from pluripotent stem cells destined to become sebaceous stem cells or from sebaceous stem cells, which also have the ability to differentiate within apocrine glands.
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7/91. Second malignant neoplasms of the head and neck in survivors of retinoblastoma.

    retinoblastoma is a malignant tumor of the embryonic retina. Although it is rare, it is the most common primary eye tumor of childhood. life expectancy following treatment is now excellent, but survivors who have heritable retinoblastoma face an increased risk of a second malignant head or neck neoplasm. A second neoplasm, which often occurs in the irradiated field of the original tumor, has become the most significant threat to the survival of these patients. We report the case of a young girl who was cured of her retinoblastoma only to later develop a second nonocular tumor that metastasized to the superficial parotid gland. She underwent a superficial parotidectomy and neck dissection, but the malignancy eventually recurred and required further surgery and radiation therapy. In this article, we discuss the etiology, incidence, sites of occurrence, and management options for a second malignant neoplasm in retinoblastoma survivors. The head and neck surgeon must be vigilant in the diagnosis and management of second neoplasms in this patient population because they often occur in irradiated fields; surgical management is important to patient survival.
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8/91. Primary intraepithelial sebaceous gland carcinoma of the palpebral conjunctiva.

    Sebaceous gland carcinoma usually arises from meibomian or Zeis glands deep within the eyelid, but it can rarely arise within the conjunctival epithelium without a deep component. We describe a woman with a history of chronic blepharoconjunctivitis unresponsive to topical medications. Examination disclosed confluent papillary hypertrophy of the upper palpebral conjunctiva and deposits of white flaky material. Tarsoconjunctival punch biopsy revealed intraepithelial sebaceous gland carcinoma. Management consisted of frozen section-controlled complete tumor excision with removal of the entire posterior lamella of the right upper eyelid, cryotherapy to the margins, and reconstruction. Histopathologic analysis confirmed primary sebaceous gland carcinoma localized to the conjunctival epithelium without involvement of underlying meibomian or Zeis glands or the caruncle. patients with unexplained chronic unilateral blepharoconjunctivitis or papillary hypertrophy of the palpebral conjunctiva should be considered for biopsy to rule out neoplasia, even when there is no sign of an underlying eyelid mass.
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9/91. muir-torre syndrome.

    muir-torre syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant condition in which multiple primary malignancies occur together with a sebaceous gland tumour. Early recognition of the syndrome in patients with sebaceous gland tumours should facilitate early detection of subsequent malignancies if the patient with entered into appropriate screening programmes. A case occurring in scotland is described and implications for management, screening for members of the family are discussed.
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10/91. Sentinel node biopsy for orbital and ocular adnexal tumors.

    PURPOSE: To describe a technique for sentinel node mapping and biopsy in patients with orbital or adnexal tumors. methods: Five patients with orbital and adnexal tumors were studied. Two patients had malignant eyelid melanomas (one of the skin and one of the conjunctiva), one with orbital invasion. Two patients had sebaceous gland carcinoma, and one patient had a mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the conjunctiva; 500 microCi of technetium-99m sulfur nanocolloid (Nycomed Amersham, Princeton, NJ) diluted to 1.0 mL was injected intradermally at the lateral canthus. The patients were positioned as they would be during surgery. lymphoscintigraphy was performed by means of anterior, lateral, and oblique views. The tracer was followed to the first lymphatic basin, and the sentinel node was identified. Cutaneous markers were placed to denote the site. During surgery, lymphoscintigraphy scans and a hand-held gamma probe were used to locate the sentinel node. Once excised, the sentinel node was sent for histopathology. Frozen sectioning confirmed the presence of lymphoid tissue. Permanent sections with immunohistochemical markers were performed to examine for metastatic disease. RESULTS: The sentinel node biopsy technique was applied to 5 patients with orbital and adnexal tumors. All lymph nodes were free of tumor on histopathologic examination. CONCLUSIONS: Sentinel node mapping and biopsy are possible for orbital and adnexal tumors. The morbidity of elective lymph node dissection and adjuvant radiotherapy can be avoided. Our results are preliminary, and further work must be done to identify the lymphatic basins of the orbit and ocular adnexa.
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