Cases reported "Seminoma"

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1/192. Testicular seminoma in a patient with ataxia-telangiectasia.

    The case history of a 27-year-old man with ataxia-telangiectasia (AT) and testicular seminoma is reported. This is the first documented description of such a malignancy in AT, a syndrome associated with a markedly increased risk of malignant disease. Furthermore, alpha-foetoprotein levels have limitations as a tumour marker in this situation because serum levels may be elevated as a biochemical manifestation of AT.
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2/192. Spermatocytic seminoma: a cytology and histology case report with review of the literature.

    Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) findings are described in a case of spermatocytic seminoma occurring in a 52-yr-old male, involving the left testis. The smears showed three populations of cells (small, medium, and large), with a preponderance of medium-sized cells showing visible nucleoli. The background was clean, in contrast to the "tigroid" substance seen in classical seminoma. Low mitotic rate and absence of lymphocytes were the other features helpful in diagnosis. Because of these distinct morphological features, a preoperative diagnosis of spermatocytic seminoma was possible, with subsequent confirmation on histopathology. The case is being reported because of the rarity of this tumor, and because there have been only a few reported cases of FNAC diagnosis.
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3/192. seminoma associated with bilateral cryptorchidism in Down's syndrome: a case report.

    BACKGROUND: A case of testicular typical seminoma associated with bilateral undescended testes in Down's syndrome is reported. A 42-year-old institutionalized male patient developed left testicular seminoma with retroperitoneal metastasis. methods/RESULTS: Neither adjuvant chemotherapy nor radiotherapy were performed due to his severe mental retardation. He died as a result of the cancer 2 years after a left radical orchiectomy and an autopsy was carried out. DISCUSSION: Recently an increase in the incidence of the association of testicular tumors and Down's syndrome has been repeatedly documented. Thirty-six cases of testicular tumors associated with Down's syndrome have been reported and of these 17.1% had cryptorchidism. This is a much lower percentage considering the high risk of cryptorchidism in males with Down's syndrome. The relationship between testicular germ cell tumors associated with cryptorchidism and Down's syndrome is discussed.
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keywords = seminoma
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4/192. Hereditary TP53 codon 292 and somatic P16INK4A codon 94 mutations in a li-fraumeni syndrome family.

    li-fraumeni syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder that is characterized by various types of cancer in childhood and adult cases. Although hereditary TP53 mutation is very rare in different human cancers, it has been frequently reported in li-fraumeni syndrome. On the other hand, hereditary mutations of TP57KIP2, P15INK4B, and P16INK4A, which affect the cell cycle similar to TP53, were observed in some types of cancer. In a Turkish family with the diagnosis of li-fraumeni syndrome, we analyzed the mutation pattern of TP53, P57KIP2, P15INK4B, and P16INK4A in the peripheral blood, and loss of heterozygosity (homo/hemizygous deletion) pattern of TP53 and P15INK4B/P16INK4A in two tumor tissues. The propositus had a seminoma, his daughter a medulloblastoma, and one of his healthy cousins, a TP53 codon 292 missense point mutation (AAA-->ATA; Lys-->Ile) in the peripheral blood cells. Tumor tissue obtained from the propositus with the seminoma revealed loss of heterozygosity in the TP53 gene. In the analyses of tumor tissues from the propositus and his daughter, a P16INK4A codon 94 missense point mutation (GCG-->GAG; Ala-->Glu) was observed with the hereditary TP53 mutation. P16INK4A codon 94 mutation observed in our family is a novel mutation in li-fraumeni syndrome. No other gene alteration in TP53, P57KIP2, P15INK4B, and P16INK4A was observed. Existence of the P16INK4A mutation and the hereditary TP53 mutation with or without loss of heterozygosity in the TP53 gene (seminoma/medulloblastoma) may be evidence for a common mechanism involved in tumorogenesis. The gene alterations in TP53 and P16INK4A genes may be used as tumor markers in our family.
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keywords = seminoma
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5/192. Tubular seminoma of the testis.

    A case of tubular seminoma in a 33-year-old man is reported. The tumor occurred in his right testis, measuring 7 x 6 x 6 cm in size. Microscopically, most of the tumor cells were arranged in solid or hollow tubular patterns. The tumor cells had round nuclei with vesicular chromatin and clear or granular cytoplasm, characteristic features of seminoma cells. A classic seminoma component and intratubular atypical germ cells occupying approximately 5% of the tumor area were noted. Immunohistochemical staining revealed that the tumor cells were diffusely placental alkaline phosphatase and vimentin positive, and focally cytokeratin positive. These findings are consistent with a tubular seminoma. The differential diagnoses are discussed.
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keywords = seminoma
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6/192. Persistent mullerian duct syndrome with torsion of an intra-abdominal seminoma.

    Persistent Mullerian Duct Syndrome (PMDS) is a particular form of male pseudohermaphroditism. Due to the absence or inactivity of Mullerian Inhibiting Substance (MIS), no regression is observed of the mullerian ducts in a genotypical and phenotypical male individual. This leads to the development of fallopian tubes, uterus and proximal vagina. The testes often lie intra-abdominally and are exposed to malignant degeneration. A case is described in which the diagnosis of PMDS was made by laparotomy for an acute abdomen, caused by torsion of a seminoma.
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7/192. Birth after treatment of a male with seminoma and azoospermia with cryopreserved-thawed testicular tissue.

    The case of an infertile couple in which a testicular seminoma and azoospermia were discovered in the husband during infertility treatment is described. A small piece of testicular tissue, obtained by biopsy from the healthy testis [testicular sperm extraction (TESE)], was deep-frozen before oncology therapy was initiated. The patient's lymphocyte karyotype was normal and no Y microdeletions were found. After conclusion of oncology treatment, the tissue was thawed and successfully used in the intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) procedure. A healthy girl was born. Testicular tumours are known to impair fertility in the majority of patients, and fertility deteriorates further after cytotoxic and surgical oncology treatment. Until recently in slovenia, for young oncology patients cryopreservation was applied only to high quality ejaculate fulfilling the criteria for intrauterine insemination or in-vitro fertilization after thawing. Failing that, the only remaining options were fertilization by donor spermatozoa or child adoption. New assisted reproductive technologies, of which the ICSI procedure is the most successful, are suitable for the treatment of only the most severe cases of male infertility. It is reasonable to cryopreserve even poor quality ejaculate prior to the oncology therapy, as well as testicular tissue in cases of azoospermia.
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8/192. scleromyxedema: possible association with seminoma.

    Although scleromyxedema has been associated with neoplasm in rare instances, the literature showed no evidence of association with seminoma. We report a 43-year-old man who presented with a scleromyxedema and relapsed seminoma. The skin lesions of scleromyxedema cleared completely on treatment of seminoma with chemotherapy.
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ranking = 1.4
keywords = seminoma
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9/192. Primary seminoma of the retroperitoneum.

    A rare case of primary seminoma in the retroperitoneum is described. Ultrasound detected a huge hypoechoic mass and correlative computed tomography showed a midline, homogeneous, lobulated mass in a man who presented for anuria.
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10/192. Father-son testicular tumors: evidence for genetic anticipation? A case report and review of the literature.

    BACKGROUND: The etiology of testicular carcinomas is unknown. Father-son testicular tumors represent an important subset of patients because the sons have a 6- to 10-fold increase in the risk of developing a testicular tumor compared with the general population, suggesting a possible genetic component in the etiology of the disease. Genetic anticipation has been established for several diseases and manifests itself clinically with earlier age of onset (AO) of disease or with increased severity of disease in children compared with their parents. methods: We report only the 13th case of pure seminoma occurring in both a father and a son. The most striking feature of our case study was a 27-year difference in the AO between father and son. A review of the literature from 1972 through 1999 provided 47 cases of father-son testicular tumors in which sufficient information was available to compare the AO and the severity of the disease in the fathers (G1) and the sons (G2). RESULTS: The mean AO for G1 was 43.3 ( /- 1.6) years compared with a mean AO for G2 of 27.0 ( /- 1.0) years for all 47 cases (P < 0.01). For fathers presenting with a pure seminoma, the mean AO was 45.9 ( /- 1.8) years for G1 compared with 27.0 ( /- 1.1) years for G2 (P < 0.01). For fathers presenting with a nonseminomatous tumor, the mean AO in G1 was 37.9 ( /- 2.6) years and 26.9 ( /- 1.8) years for G2 (P < 0.01). For the entire group of 47 cases, disease was more severe in G2 compared with G1 in 43% of cases, of equal severity in 47% of cases, and less severe in G2 compared with G1 in 10% of cases. CONCLUSIONS: Genetic anticipation may be responsible for many father-son testicular tumors.
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ranking = 0.6
keywords = seminoma
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