Cases reported "shoulder pain"

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1/109. magnetic resonance imaging diagnosis, sonographically directed percutaneous aspiration, and arthroscopic treatment of a painful shoulder ganglion cyst associated with a SLAP lesion.

    A 30-year-old, right-handed man presented with the insidious onset of right shoulder pain associated with overhead activities. magnetic resonance imaging revealed a perilabral ganglion cyst associated with a SLAP lesion (lesion of the superior labrum, both anterior and posterior). After unsuccessful treatment with sonographically directed percutaneous aspiration of the cyst, arthroscopic techniques were employed to intra-articularly decompress the cyst and stabilize the labral tear. ( info)

2/109. SAPHO syndrome: 20-year follow-up.

    Considerable attention has been paid in the past 10 years to the radiological spectrum of disease entities belonging to the SAPHO syndrome. We report an unusual case presenting with an extra-axial (femoral) lesion, prior to description of this syndrome, which was radiologically and histologically mistaken for a parosteal osteosarcoma. Nineteen years later, a further lesion developed in the scapula together with the typical sternoclavicular manifestations, at which stage the correct diagnosis of SAPHO syndrome was established. ( info)

3/109. Preoperative work-up of a solitary diaphragmatic mass in a patient with right shoulder pain: a case for diagnosis.

    A patient presented with right shoulder pain. Imaging studies revealed an apparently solitary soft tissue pleural lesion, accompanied by a very small pleural effusion. On medical thoracoscopy, a diffuse malignant pleural mesothelioma was found. thoracoscopy proved to play an essential part in the diagnostic work-up, avoiding a futile thoracotomy for a presumed solitary soft tissue tumour. ( info)

4/109. Diaphragmatic endometriosis.

    endometriosis is a relatively common condition usually found in the pelvis. However, lesions do occur outside the pelvis and, more rarely, in the upper abdomen. In the case reported here, the patient presented with chronic right shoulder tip pain. The diagnosis of extrapelvic endometriosis is often not considered in such circumstances. This patient's symptoms were relieved by surgical excision of the diaphragmatic lesion. ( info)

5/109. Oxaprozin-induced symptomatic hepatotoxicity.

    OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of symptomatic hepatotoxicity attributed to oxaprozin use. CASE SUMMARY: A 41-year-old white woman was admitted to the hospital with malaise, anorexia, and right upper quadrant pain. The patient was found to have severe jaundice with liver enzyme elevation. Laboratory test results for potential etiologies were negative, except for the use of oxaprozin for the preceding six weeks. diagnosis of drug-induced hepatotoxicity was made by liver biopsy. The patient's symptoms resolved and liver enzymes normalized after oxaprozin was discontinued. DISCUSSION: Symptomatic hepatic effects attributable to most nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are rare and usually mild. Oxaprozin has been shown to cause mild elevation of liver enzymes in clinical studies. This is the second reported case of presumed oxaprozin-induced icteric hepatitis. The mechanism of oxaprozin-induced hepatotoxicity is unclear, but is thought to be due to metabolic idiosyncrasy. Most NSAID reactions are hepatocellular and occur because of individual susceptibility (idiosyncrasy). In general, people aged >40 years and women are more predisposed to NSAID-induced liver injury. CONCLUSIONS: Although this toxicity is rare, clinicians should be aware of the potential for oxaprozin to cause hepatotoxicity and use caution when prescribing this medication. This case also stresses the importance of careful inquiry regarding drug or toxin exposure in cases of unexplained hepatitis. ( info)

6/109. Supraclavicular glomus tumor, 20 year history of undiagnosed shoulder pain: a case report.

    A long-standing case of severe dysesthesia due to a supraclavicular glomus tumor is presented. chronic pain caused by a subcutaneous glomus (non-chemodectoma) tumor is rare and usually misdiagnosed. The supraclavicular location, presentation, and coincidence of trauma history are unique in this case. A 62-year-old male complained of 20 years of intractable right shoulder and supraclavicular region pain, which started 6 months after a fall. The pain was unrelieved by repeated and extensive physical therapy, chiropractic manipulation, local steroid injections, and two shoulder operations. The cause of the condition remained undiagnosed and obscure. Local surgical exploration revealed a subcutaneous grayish mass with pathologically proven glomus tumor. Immediate alleviation of the pain and tenderness followed complete resection of the mass. The patient remained free of pain at a 2-year follow-up. Subcutaneous glomus (non-chemodectoma) tumors can occur in unusual sites, and should be considered in chronic regional pain syndromes. Immediate cure is generally achieved by local resection. Pertinent literature is reviewed. ( info)

7/109. An operative technique for recurrent shoulder dislocations in older patients.

    Recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation in the elderly is not as exceptional as it was once thought to be. That anterior shoulder dislocation in older patients is caused by a rotator cuff tear through the posterior mechanism is well accepted. However, in the subset of patients who have multiple recurrent or intractable dislocations develop, there may be combined pathologic conditions at work: large or massive rotator cuff tears together with anterior capsulolabral injuries such as a Bankart lesion or fracture of the glenoid rim. These patients have multiple recurrences because of disruption of both the anterior and the posterior stability mechanisms. We suggest a procedure that provides anterior stabilization with the capsular shift technique and that is supplemented by Bankart repair as necessary. The capsule transfer is performed superiorly and posteriorly to close the defect in the cuff. In this way a capsulodesis effect can be achieved that displaces the humeral head downward and produces active centering of the head in the course of abduction. Use of only the anterior capsule for the shift, and not the subscapularis tendon, does not compromise subscapularis function. Between 1990 and 1996, we used this technique to treat 16 patients older than 55 years of age with multiple recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation and massive rotator cuff tear. We report the results for the first 10 patients with a minimum follow-up of 2 years (range 2 to 7 years) and an average follow-up of 52 months. There were 7 excellent results, 2 good results, and 1 fair result according to the Rowe criteria. None of the patients had a recurrence of the dislocation. All the patients regained full or functional range of motion with stable shoulders, and most of them could perform activities of daily living without limitation. The average Constant score was 83%. This procedure appears to be successful in treating older patients with recurrent shoulder dislocation. ( info)

8/109. Severe heterotopic ossification after arthroscopic acromioplasty: a case report.

    Heterotopic ossification is a well-recognized complication of spinal cord injury, closed head injury, total hip arthroplasty, burns, and other trauma and has been observed in various tissues such as muscles, tendons, ligaments, and menisci. Complications of arthroscopic acromioplasty are relatively uncommon and include hematoma, traction neuropathy, infection, acromial fracture, reflex sympathetic dystrophy, and instrument breakage. However, little has been reported on heterotopic ossification of the shoulder, particularly after arthroscopic surgery. Recurrent rotator cuff impingement symptoms caused by small amounts of heterotopic ossification after arthroscopic acromioplasty have been described. We report a case of severe heterotopic ossification about the shoulder after arthroscopic acromioplasty. ( info)

9/109. Suprascapular nerve entrapment at the spinoglenoid notch in a professional baseball pitcher.

    Suprascapular nerve injuries at the spinoglenoid notch are uncommon. The true incidence of this lesion is unknown; however, it appears to be more common in athletes who participate in sports involving overhead activities. When a patient is being evaluated for posterior shoulder pain and infraspinatus muscle weakness, electrodiagnostic studies are an essential part of the evaluation. electromyography will identify an injury to the suprascapular nerve as well as assist in localizing the site of injury. In addition, imaging studies are also indicated to help exclude other diagnoses that can mimic a suprascapular nerve injury. The initial management should consist of cessation of the aggravating activity along with an organized shoulder rehabilitation program. If the patient fails to improve with 6 months to 1 year of nonoperative management, surgical exploration of the suprascapular nerve should be considered. Release of the spinoglenoid ligament with resultant suprascapular nerve decompression may result in relief of pain and a return of normal shoulder function. ( info)

10/109. Adhesive capsulitis of the glenohumeral joint with an unusual neuropathic presentation: a case report.

    A 37-yr-old woman presented with a 7-mo history of unilateral shoulder girdle stiffness, pain, and weakness and had already been diagnosed with frozen shoulder. physical examination revealed scapular winging and suspicious focal paralysis of shoulder girdle muscles. Subsequently, electrodiagnostic studies reported denervation of deltoid, infraspinatus, serratus anterior, and lower cervical paraspinal muscles, in addition to a prolonged long thoracic nerve latency. The history, physical examination, and cervical magnetic resonance imaging scan seemed most consistent with neuralgic amyotrophy, although the electrodiagnostic examination could be interpreted as cervical radiculopathy. Some of the difficulties in identifying neuralgic amyotrophy and distinguishing it from cervical radiculopathy are discussed herein. Historically, frozen shoulder has seemed to develop as a complication of the neuropathic process. Both neuralgic amyotrophy and frozen shoulder have a poorly understood pathogenesis, and their combined presence is presumed to be rare. Because of difficulties inherent in the physical examination of frozen shoulder, a coexistent neuropathic process may go undetected. ( info)
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