Cases reported "Shwartzman Phenomenon"

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1/2. Bilateral renal cortical necrosis in two patients with neisseria meningitidis sepsis.

    Two patients who developed bilateral renal cortical necrosis as a consequence of neisseria meningitidis infections are described: 1 patient had meningococcemia and the other had meningococcal meningitis. Both patients developed a Shwartzman-like reaction, disseminated intravascular coagulation and irreversible renal failure. Renal biopsy showed sclerosis of the majority of glomeruli; some glomeruli showed capillary congestion, thrombosis and an increased number of neutrophils; the intralobular arterioles showed thrombotic occlusions.
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ranking = 1
keywords = arteriole
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2/2. Acute diffuse interstitial fibrosing pneumonitis and bilateral renal cortical necrosis.

    An autopsy case of a 69-year-old male with acute diffuse interstitial fibrosing pneumonitis complicated by bilateral renal cortical necrosis was presented. autopsy revealed acute diffuse interstitial fibrosing pneumonitis, bilateral renal cortical necrosis, non-bacterial thrombotic endocarditis, involving the aortic and mitral valves, and some interesting vascular lesions, dissemination of fibrinoid change of arterioles and fibrin thrombus of small vessels in various organs; accumulation of polymorphonuclear leukocytes in the lumen of the smaller interlobular arteries and arterioles of the kidney with cellular infiltration and disintegration of the wall; severe disorganization of the wall with intraluminar and intramural fibrinous exudation in smaller branches of the hepatic artery; diminution and disarrangment of muscle fibers and patchy hyalinization in the media of the renal and interlobar arteries. The inter-relationship between acute diffuse interstitial fibrosing pneumonitis, bilateral renal cortical necrosis which may be regarded as a 'hallmark' of the generalized Shwartzman reaction, and disseminated intravascular coagulation was discussed.
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ranking = 2
keywords = arteriole
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