Cases reported "Sigmoid Diseases"

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1/74. Ovarian carcinoma with fistula formation to the sigmoid colon and ileum: report of a case.

    We describe herein an extremely rare case of clear cell type ovarian carcinoma resulting in fistula formation into the colon and intestine. The patient was a 61-year-old woman in whom a large tumor with extravasation from the sigmoid colon was found by barium enema examination. The tumor was preoperatively diagnosed as left ovarian cancer by angiography which showed the tumor feeder arising from the left ovarian and uterine arteries.
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2/74. Large bowel obstruction due to intrauterine device: associated pelvic inflammatory disease.

    Pelvic actinomycosis associated with the use of intrauterine contraceptive devices (IUDs) can mimic pelvic malignancy. Recognizing this rare, but not uncommon complication of IUD use can spare a patient from an extensive surgical procedure. If recognized preoperatively, a simple regimen of antibiotics can be curative; however, if symptomatic, a limited surgical procedure is warranted. We present the case of a 55-year-old woman with a slow, indolent course of partial large bowel obstruction and a history of IUD use for over 20 years. A preoperative CT scan revealed a frozen pelvis mimicking a pelvic malignancy. Exploratory laparotomy revealed a firm, indurated, fibrotic reaction in the pelvis involving the uterus, adnexa, and sigmoid colon. A diverting loop colostomy was performed, and pathology revealed sulfur granules from the extracted IUD that grew actinomyces. The patient was treated with the appropriate antibiotics, and during the takedown of the colostomy 6 months later the pelvic inflammation was completely resolved. An extensive review of the literature involving actinomycotic abscesses associated with IUD use reveals a limited number of studies reported in the general surgical literature. It behooves the general surgeon to be aware of this unusual case so that the appropriate consultation and treatment can be performed with limited morbidity to the patient.
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3/74. amyloidosis--an unusual case of recurrent intestinal bleeding and sigmoid perforation: case report with review of the literature.

    We describe a patient with recurrent intestinal bleeding and sigmoid perforation due to amyloidosis. Hartmann's procedure was carried out with resection of the diseased sigmoid colon and by performing a terminal colostomy. The postoperative course was uneventful, but the patient died 3 months later of lobar pneumonia and multiple organ system failure.
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4/74. peutz-jeghers syndrome: case report.

    A case of peutz-jeghers syndrome (PJS) in an African girl is presented to document the clinical presentation, management and follow up of this condition. The patient who presented with black buccal mucosal hyperpigmentation and clinical features of jejuno-jejunal intussusception was successfully managed by operative reduction of the intussusception and polypectomy. She is being followed up for evidence of malignant transformation in associated intestinal polyps and development of extra-intestinal malignancies at other sites. The management of PJS in light of recent trends is discussed, especially with reference to suggested protocols for screening and surveillance of sites at supposed risk of tumour development.
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5/74. Sigmoid volvulus in children and adolescents.

    BACKGROUND: Sigmoid volvulus is an exceptionally rare and potentially life-threatening condition in the pediatric age group. STUDY DESIGN: We report our experience with three children treated for sigmoid volvulus and review the cases reported in the medical literature since 1940. RESULTS: Since 1940, 63 cases of sigmoid volvulus in children (including this series) have been reported. The median age was 7 years and the male to female ratio was 3.5:1. Two distinct presentations (acute and recurrent) were identified. Abdominal symptoms dominated the clinical picture. barium enemas either confirmed or were highly suggestive of sigmoid volvulus. Reduction by barium enema was successful in 77% (10 of 13) of the attempts. Forty-nine patients underwent operative treatment, with sigmoidectomy (with or without primary anastomosis) being the most common. The overall mortality rate was 6%, operative mortality was 8.1%, and neonatal mortality was 14%. Associated conditions were frequent. Particular emphasis should be placed on ruling out Hirschsprung's disease (present in 11 of 63 patients). CONCLUSIONS: Sigmoid volvulus remains a rare occurrence in children, but it should be included in the differential diagnosis of pain in children when colonic distention is present. An algorithm for treatment is proposed.
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6/74. Rectosigmoid endometriosis: endoscopic ultrasound features and clinical implications.

    BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: The main area of the gastrointestinal tract affected by deep pelvic endometriosis is the rectosigmoid colon in 3-37% of cases. Due to the risk of infiltration and the clinical symptoms of endometriosis, with pain and infertility, the condition may require surgical resection. Preoperative imaging diagnosis of rectosigmoid involvement is therefore important. Rectal endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS), which is already used for the staging of anorectal carcinoma and submucosal lesions, may be a promising technique for this indication. The present study was conducted in order to describe the endosonographic appearance of rectosigmoid endometriosis, and to define the potential relevance of the technique to the choice of resection method. patients AND methods: Between 1993 and 1997, 46 women (mean age 31) with deep pelvic endometriosis underwent imaging investigations and surgical resection. The clinical and imaging findings, and the surgical and histological features identified--mainly with regard to infiltration of the rectal wall--were compared retrospectively. The impact of the EUS findings on the decision on whether or not to carry out resection, either by laparoscopy or open abdominal surgery, was also examined. RESULTS: When there was deep pelvic endometriosis with suspected rectal wall infiltration, EUS showed normal anatomy in nine patients, endometriotic lesions without rectal wall infiltration in 12, and typical rectal infiltration in 25. The lesions were confirmed by the surgical findings during therapeutic laparoscopy (n = 22) and laparotomy (n = 25), as well as by clinical follow-up. Rectal wall infiltration, demonstrated in all cases using EUS, had initially been suspected on the basis of clinical examinations, rectoscopy, barium enema, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging in 62%, 50%, 33%, 67% and 66% of cases, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: EUS is a simple and noninvasive technique capable of correctly diagnosing rectal wall infiltration in deep pelvic endometriosis. It may be helpful in determining the choice between laparoscopy and laparotomy when complete resection is indicated.
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7/74. Surgical treatment of a sigmoid volvulus associated with megacolon: report of a case.

    Sigmoid volvulus occurring concomitantly with megacolon is an uncommon cause of bowel obstruction, and various approaches to treatment have been proposed. We report herein a case of sigmoid volvulus with megacolon that was successfully treated by elective surgery following endoscopic reduction during the same hospital stay. A 70-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with abdominal pain, distension, and severe constipation. physical examination, plain abdominal X-ray, and barium enema confirmed a sigmoid volvulus and further examinations revealed concomitant megacolon. An elective sigmoid colectomy was performed following successful endoscopic decompression. The postoperative course was uneventful and there was no residual colonic dysmotility. Histologically, no aganglionic tissue was observed in the resected specimen.
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8/74. diagnosis and treatment of sigmoidal endometriosis--a case report.

    Intestinal endometriosis is a rare but clinically significant complication. The most commonly involved sites are the rectosigmoid (up to 73%) and rectovaginal septum (13%). A case of a 53-year-old woman with intestinal endometriosis located in the sigmoid colon is presented with symptoms of pelvic pain and rectal bleeding. The diagnosis was established by means of colonoscopy which was performed 3 times before laparotomy. Bowel resection and pathologic study are necessary to relieve the symptoms and avoid neglecting a malignant tumor or other lesions. The postoperative course was uneventful and the patient was discharged after 13 days.
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9/74. Giant diverticulum of the sigmoid colon with perforation. Report of a case.

    We present a case of perforated giant diverticulum of the sigmoid colon. This condition is extremely rare and only a few cases have so far been reported in the literature. Our case involved a 55-year old woman. diagnosis was easy with barium enema and CT scan examination. laparotomy revealed a giant diverticulum of the sigmoid colon compressing adjacent structures with signs of inflammation. An en bloc resection of the sigmoid colon, ovary and fallopian tube was performed with primary colon-rectal anastomosis.The post-operative course was uneventful.
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10/74. diverticulitis causing a high serum level of carbohydrate antigen 19-9: report of a case.

    We report herein a rare case of diverticulitis causing a high serum level of carbohydrate antigen (CA) 19-9. A 52-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with lower abdominal pain. Laboratory data showed evidence of inflammation and a high serum level of CA 19-9 (370 U/ml). Computed tomography demonstrated thickening of the wall of the sigmoid colon. He was diagnosed as having diverticulitis of the sigmoid colon and was treated with antibiotics. Although his symptoms improved, the presence of a malignancy such as colorectal cancer could not be completely ruled out because of the persistently high serum level of CA 19-9. A laparotomy was performed and the sigmoid colon was found to be adherent to the bladder. Under a diagnosis of diverticulitis, a sigmoidectomy was performed. Pathological examination revealed diverticulitis of the sigmoid colon, but there was no evidence of malignancy in the resected specimen. The serum CA 19-9 level decreased to normal postoperatively and immunohistochemical staining revealed CA 19-9 antigen in the cytoplasm of the diverticular epithelium. Therefore, a possible explanation for the high level of this tumor marker was diverticulitis of the sigmoid colon.
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