Cases reported "Sigmoid Neoplasms"

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1/191. Sigmoid colon cancer presenting as complete rectal prolapse: report of a case.

    We describe herein the unusual case of a 76-year-old woman who was diagnosed as having sigmoid colon cancer after presenting with complete rectal prolapse. The rectal prolapse was considered to have been caused by constipation accelerated by the colon cancer. The relationship between colorectal cancer and rectal prolapse has not yet been clarified; however, this case report suggests that rectal prolapse can present as a symptom of colorectal cancer. Thus, patients with a sudden onset of rectal prolapse should be screened for colorectal cancer.
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ranking = 1
keywords = colorectal, colorectal cancer, cancer
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2/191. Mediastinal lymph node metastasis of colon cancer: report of a case.

    We herein describe a patient with mediastinal lymph node metastases which occurred after both a primary sigmoid colon cancer and metachronous ovarian metastasis had been resected. The most likely route of metastases to the mediastinum in this case is the paravertebral venous plexus probably connected to the ovarian metastasis, or so-called remetastasis. This case illustrates that the mediastinum is thus a possible metastatic site in patients with colon cancer. Surgeons should therefore pay attention to the mediastinum as well as the lung fields when checking chest X-ray films during a follow-up of patients after a resection of colon cancer.
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ranking = 0.0068719626817272
keywords = cancer
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3/191. Chromosome instability in lymphocytes from two patients affected by three sequential primary cancers: the role of fragile sites.

    The chromosomal aberration rate and the expression of fragile sites induced by aphidicolin were evaluated in metaphase chromosomes obtained from peripheral blood lymphocytes of two untreated patients with multiple primary cancers. Spontaneous aberrations of chromosome number and structure and chromosome fragility were compared with controls with the use of the same methods. Chromosomal aberration rates and expression frequencies of fragile sites were significantly higher in the patients than in normal control subjects. In the patients, all but one structural chromosome aberration involved at least one fragile site. Our results suggest that fragile sites may be unstable regions of the human genome, which might play an important role in the genetic instability associated with cancer predisposition.
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ranking = 0.0058902537271947
keywords = cancer
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4/191. Diaphragma sellae metastasis from colon carcinoma mimicking a meningioma. A case report.

    We describe a rare case of metastatic intra-suprasellar adenocarcinoma from colonic cancer mimicking a meningioma of the "diaphragma sellae". autopsy studies indicate breast and lung carcinoma to be the most frequent primary tumor metastasizing this site, particularly in patients with systemic spread. While diabetes insipidus is reported to be one of the commonest symptoms in these cases, the only clinical manifestation of the tumor in our patient was a bitemporal hemianopia, while the primary tumor remained asymptomatic. In the available literature are reported only two pituitary metastasis from operated colon carcinoma. In both cases the diagnosis of the colon cancer preceded the pituitary operation. The clinico-pathological and neuroradiological aspects of this unusual lesion are analyzed in the light of the relevant literature on the topic focusing on recent MRI acquisitions.
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ranking = 0.0019634179090649
keywords = cancer
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5/191. recurrence of sigmoid colon carcinoma in the residual urethra after cystectomy.

    INTRODUCTION: We report a case of recurrence of sigmoid colon cancer in the residual urethra after cysto-prostato-sigmoidectomy. methods/RESULTS: The patient successfully underwent urethrectomy and is currently tumor-free. To our knowledge, this is the first case of recurrence of a non-urothelial malignant tumor in the residual urethra.
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ranking = 0.00098170895453246
keywords = cancer
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6/191. High grade, synchronous colon cancers after renal transplantation: were immunosuppressive drugs to blame?

    Recipients of renal transplants are known to have an increased incidence of cancer, which is believed to be related to the use of immunosuppressive drugs used to prevent rejection. Although the risks of lymphoma and Kaposi's sarcoma are clearly increased in this setting, the association with colon cancer is controversial. We report a 44-yr-old woman, 20 yr post-renal transplant, and with no family history of colorectal cancer or polyps, who was found to have synchronous, poorly differentiated colon cancers associated with extensive abdominal lymph node, bone marrow, and bone (skull) metastasis. The long term immunosuppressive drugs that she had received may have been an important factor in her tumor development and/or progression. Our case and literature review suggest a possible mild, increased risk of colon cancer development in patients after renal transplantation.
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ranking = 0.33922358706053
keywords = colorectal, colorectal cancer, cancer
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7/191. Potential role of heparin in prevention of liver metastasis from colon cancer.

    The case of a 59 year-old man with sigmoid colon cancer and synchronous liver metastases is described in this report. Sigmoid colectomy and partial hepatectomy were performed, and hepatic arterial cannulation was done for prevention of hepatic recurrence. heparin was injected to prevent catheter-related clots, and no anticancer drugs were used. He did well without signs of recurrence for 5 years after the initial operation. After we stopped the heparin administration, recurrence was detected in the liver. The patient underwent repeat hepatectomy, and he is now doing well without recurrence 2 years after the second operation. The clinical course of this case suggests that heparin may prevent liver metastasis of colorectal cancer.
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ranking = 0.33726016915146
keywords = colorectal, colorectal cancer, cancer
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8/191. atrial fibrillation and tumor emboli as manifestations of metastatic leiomyosarcoma to the heart and lung.

    leiomyosarcoma is a malignant tumor of the smooth muscle that rarely occurs in the gastrointestinal tract. High-grade leiomyosarcomas of the rectosigmoid usually metastasize to the liver and lungs. Although it is unusual, metastases to the heart have been reported. When this occurs, the metastatic tumor usually seeds in the right atrium and pulmonary artery. We report on and discuss a patient who had atrial fibrillation, peripheral emboli, and thrombocytopenia resulting from a low-grade rectosigmoid leiomyosarcoma metastatic to the pulmonary vein and left atrium. atrial fibrillation is not a common manifestation of malignant neoplasms that have spread to the heart. Surgical removal of the tumor terminated the arrhythmia and thrombocytopenia.
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ranking = 0.00076738971065963
keywords = neoplasm
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9/191. Evidence for a recessive inheritance of Turcot's syndrome caused by compound heterozygous mutations within the PMS2 gene.

    Turcot's syndrome is a genetic disease characterized by the concurrence of primary brain tumors and colon cancers and/or multiple colorectal adenomas. We report a Turcot family with no parental consanguinity, in which two affected sisters, with no history of tumors in their parents, died of a brain tumor and of a colorectal tumor, respectively, at a very early age. The proband had a severe microsatellite instability (MIN) phenotype in both tumor and normal colon mucosa, and mutations in the TGFbeta-RII and APC genes in the colorectal tumor. We identified two germline mutations within the PMS2 gene: a G deletion (1221delG) in exon 11 and a four-base-pair deletion (2361delCTTC) in exon 14, both of which were inherited from the patient's unaffected parents. These results represent the first evidence that two germline frameshift mutations in PMS2, an MMR gene which is only rarely involved in HNPCC, are not pathogenic per se, but become so when occurring together in a compound heterozygote. The compound heterozygosity for two mutations in the PMS2 gene has implications for the role of protein PMS2 in the mismatch repair mechanism, as well as for the presymptomatic molecular diagnosis of at-risk family members. Furthermore, our data support and enlarge the notion that high dna instability in normal tissues might trigger the development of cancer in this syndrome.
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ranking = 0.73403257746394
keywords = colorectal, cancer
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10/191. Metachronous triple cancers of the sigmoid colon, stomach, and esophagus: report of a case.

    We report herein an unusual case of metachronous triple cancers of the sigmoid colon, stomach, and esophagus. A 60-year-old man was initially admitted to our hospital for investigation of occult fecal blood. This was found to be caused by sigmoid colon cancer which was resected in July 1985 (T3, N0, M0; Stage II). A follow-up endoscopy performed in 1990 showed early gastric cancer, and a gastrectomy was performed in August 1990 (Tis, N0, M0; Stage 0). Another endoscopic examination performed as follow-up in 1993 revealed early cancer of the remnant stomach, and all the remnant stomach was surgically resected in March 1993 (Tis, N0, M0; Stage 0). He presented again in December 1996, complaining of discomfort in the chest which was found to be caused by cancer of the middle thoracic esophagus. Although surgery was considered necessary, the patient refused to undergo any further operations. Instead, radiation was administered from January 1997. An endoscopy after the completion of radiotherapy confirmed that the cancer had almost disappeared; however, it started to grow again from the beginning of 1998. He was hospitalized due to esophageal stenosis in April 1998, and died of carcinomatous cachexia in September of the same year.
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ranking = 0.0098170895453246
keywords = cancer
(Clic here for more details about this article)
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