Cases reported "Silicosis"

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1/6. A patient with asbestos-induced lung cancer complicated by silicosis.

    A 76-year-old male died of lung cancer. At first, he was diagnosed as a silicosis, because he had worked for 30 years as a caster in shipyard and large opacities detected by chest x-ray and CT scanning. After the operation of lung cancer, numerous asbestos bodies were observed in the operated lung tissues. The detailed occupational inquiry revealed his asbestos use as a caster in shipyard. Early stage of asbestosis was suspected by chest CT scanning, but not definitely diagnosed in premortal examinations. asbestosis, pleural plaques, silicosis and large cell carcinoma of the lung were histopathologically confirmed at the autopsy. A patient with asbestos-induced lung cancer complicated by silicosis was rarely published in the literature.
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2/6. Acute silicosis responding to corticosteroid therapy.

    The course of acute silicosis usually is relentlessly progressive. Death results from cor pulmonale and respiratory failure, with mycobacterial infection a frequent serious complication. Attempts to treat the illness generally have been unavailing. We report an unusual case of acute silicosis in which improvement in clinical status, chest x-ray film findings and pulmonary function occurred following therapy with corticosteroids. To our knowledge, this is the first such case reported in the medical literature.
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3/6. silicosis in workers dealing with tonoko: case reports and analyses of tonoko.

    We found three cases of pneumoconiosis among those workers who had been dealing with tonoko (a mineral powder) for more than ten years at a shop making wooden furniture in Sendai, japan. In the factory the workers were exposed to tonoko dust and had been inhaling it for a long time. Until now, this disease has not been found in employees of furniture factories; and, furthermore, tonoko has not been regarded as a harmful material. Tonoko is a very fine mineral powder used widely in japan for filling the grains of surfaces of wooden products. The three workers had scanty clinical symptoms; however, their chest x-ray films revealed disseminated nodulations throughout both pulmonary fields. One of the workers suffered from the complication of active pulmonary tuberculosis. Some of the analyses revealed that tonoko contained about 50% quartz. Accordingly, the disease is strongly suspected to be a sort of silicosis caused by inhalation of tonoko dust.
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4/6. Silica-induced pleural disease: an unusual case mimicking malignant mesothelioma.

    A 57-year-old man with a history of exposure to silica for 32 years presented with pleural thickening of the lower lobe of the left lung and a chronic right-sided pleural effusion without any radiographic evidence of parenchymal nodules in either lung. light microscopic examination of a left visceral pleural biopsy specimen revealed markedly thickened pleura with fibrosis and macrophages containing birefringent silica and silicates. Occasional rounded intrapleural silicotic nodules were present. The underlying lung tissue did not show fibrosis or silicotic nodules. An energy-dispersive x-ray analysis confirmed the presence of silica. In the absence of lung involvement, this case represents a very unusual pathologic reaction caused by silica and silicates and adds to the clinical differential diagnosis of chronic pleuritis and malignant mesothelioma.
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5/6. Asbestos-related x-ray changes in foundry workers.

    michigan has a statewide mandatory occupational disease reporting system. As part of that system, reports are received from hospital, physicians, death certificates, the worker's compensation bureau, and company medical departments. Based on this reporting, the State of michigan has a special emphasis program for the surveillance of silicosis, a known disease outcome among foundry workers. From 1985-1996, 115 cases reported to the State Surveillance System as silicosis, pneumoconiosis not specified, or pulmonary fibrosis were reclassified as having asbestos related x-ray changes after a B-reader interpretation of each case's chest x-ray. During this same period there were an additional 697 reports confirmed as silicosis and 6,724 cases reported to the surveillance system as asbestosis. Among the 115 reports reclassified as having asbestos-related x-ray changes without evidence of silicosis-related x-ray changes, 54 had worked in foundries. Only 7 (14.8%) of these individuals had their primary work in maintenance in the foundry; 40 (85.1%) had their primary foundry work in a production job; and for 10 individuals the occupation was not known. Asbestos has been used in foundries on pipe laggings, boiler coverings, as insulation in fan housings, in gloves, aprons and curtains, as insulation in cupolas, and in ladles and insulation in sand molds. Clinicians caring for foundry workers need to be aware that asbestos-related x-ray changes are not uncommon in this population and asbestos exposure should be considered as one of the carcinogens contributing to the known increased risk of lung cancer among foundry workers.
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6/6. A diffuse form of pulmonary silicosis in foundry workers.

    Pulmonary silicosis usually is characterized by typical hyalinized, concentric nodules as seen under the microscope and in the corresponding roentgenogram. In the case of three foundry workers, lung biopsy specimens contained no nodules. The chest roentgenograms were not suggestive of silicosis. Examination of the biopsy tissue by scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive x-ray analysis (EDXA) revealed significant (P less than .05) amounts of silicon in the thickened fibrous tissues of septa, pleura, and around blood vessels, enough to permit the diagnosis of silicosis. All three patients had severe functional impairment. It is not clear at this time what factors were responsible for a diffuse distribution of silicon in these cases.
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