Cases reported "Skin Abnormalities"

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1/4. Gerodermia osteodysplastica and wrinkly skin syndrome: are they the same?

    Gerodermia osteodysplastica (GO) is a connective tissue disorder characterized by premature aging, wrinkled, and lax skin with reduced elasticity which is more marked on the dorsum of the hands and feet associated with hyperextensible joints and osteoporosis. The wrinkly skin syndrome (WSS) is characterized by wrinkled skin over the dorsum of the hands, feet, and abdomen; hyperextensible joints, particularly of the hands; intrauterine growth retardation; postnatal failure to thrive; and mental and developmental delay. We report on five children from two consanguineous Arab families with features overlapping both GO and WSS. All five children had similar dysmorphic facial features consisting of broad and prominent forehead, hypotelorism with epicanthal folds, prominent bulbous nose, flat malar region, and large protruding ears. All had wrinkling of the skin more marked on the dorsum of the hands, feet, and abdomen; hyperextensibility of the joints, particularly of the hands; and aged appearance. Intrauterine growth retardation, subsequent failure to thrive, developmental delay, and variable degree of osteoporosis was also present in all of them. The older three children developed progressive prognathism. We suggest that GO and WSS could represent variable manifestation of the same disorder.
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ranking = 1
keywords = prognathism
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2/4. Mental retardation, obesity, mandibular prognathism with eye and skin anomalies (MOMES syndrome): a newly recognized autosomal recessive syndrome.

    We report two daughters of a Thai family affected with mental retardation, delayed speech, obesity, craniofacial manifestations, and ocular anomalies. Craniofacial manifestations included macrocephaly, maxillary hypoplasia, mandibular prognathism, and crowding of teeth. Ocular anomalies consisted of blepharophimosis, blepharoptosis, decreased visual acuity, abducens palsy, hyperopic astigmatism, and accommodative esotropia. Chronic atopic dermatitis, lateral deviation of the great toes, and cone-shaped epiphyses of the toes were observed. The disorder is suggested to be autosomal recessive. The combination of findings found in our patients has not hitherto been described.
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ranking = 5
keywords = prognathism
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3/4. Is geroderma osteodysplastica underdiagnosed?

    A girl with mild geroderma osteodysplastica is reported in order to raise the profile of this autosomal recessive condition which may be underdiagnosed. The important signs of this syndrome include a droopy, jowly face with a degree of malar hypoplasia and mandibular prognathism, lax, but non-hyperelastic skin, most marked over the extremities, and osteoporosis which may be associated with fractures and vertebral collapse.
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ranking = 1
keywords = prognathism
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4/4. Gerodermia osteodysplastica: report on two patients and surgical correction of facial deformity.

    We present four individuals with Gerodermia Osteodysplastica in a Jewish family from morocco confirming the autosomal recessive inheritance of the disorder. Three previously unreported findings are described: a) enlarged funnel-shaped mandibular lingula; b) extension of the mandibular premolar and molar roots below the inferior dental canal, and of the second molars into the lower border of mandibular cortical bone; and c) hypercementosis of the maxillary incisors and mandibular molars surrounded by a radiolucent halo in several teeth. The facial deformity resulting from maxillary hypoplasia and mandibular prognathism was corrected by orthognathic surgery: Le Fort I maxillary osteotomy and vertical mandibular osteotomy.
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ranking = 1
keywords = prognathism
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