Cases reported "Skin Abnormalities"

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11/257. Non-ossifying fibromas and giant cell reparative granulomas in a child with ocular-ectodermal syndrome.

    We report on a patient with ocular-ectodermal syndrome who was previously described in 1993 [Am J Med Genet (1993) 45:764-766]. This boy has now developed additional manifestations, including giant cell granulomas and non-ossifying fibromas. This adds to the list of phenotypic manifestations of this condition. ( info)

12/257. Disorganisation: a case with popliteal pterygia and placental-skin appendages.

    We report a girl with congenital anomalies which include amniotic rings and scars, cleft lip and palate, thumb abnormalities, hexadactyly of feet, severe flexion deformities of legs and unusual finger-like appendages which were attached to the placenta. We suggest this patient represents another example of human homologue for the mouse mutant disorganisation (Ds). ( info)

13/257. A case of perineal schwannoma resembling a skin tag.

    We describe a case of perineal schwannoma (neurilemmoma) that resembled a skin tag. The structure was composed of a 1.5 cm x 1.4 cm x 1 cm sized mass and a movable stalk. After excision of the mass from the stalky root with scissors, H & E staining of the specimen revealed an encapsulated intradermal mass composed of Antoni-A type and Antoni-B type tissue. ( info)

14/257. Mandibulo-acral dysplasia in a one-year-old boy.

    We report on a 1-year-old boy with Mandibulo-acral dysplasia, a rare autosomal recessive syndrome (MIM 248370). He presented at the age of 6 months with short stature, scarce brittle hair and thin skin mainly on the skull with visible veins. The facial appearance was typical with micrognathia, prominent eyes and a thin nose. Hypoplastic terminal phalanges and acroosteolysis were present. Psychomotor development is normal. ( info)

15/257. alpha1-Antitrypsin deficiency and skin abnormalities.

    A 19-year-old Moroccan male was found to have total absence of serum alpha1-antitrypsin, a major inhibitor of elastase. This patient had chronic obstructive lung disease, hyperextensibility of the skin over the cheeks and wrists, and hyperlaxity of the hand joints. Microscopic sections of the skin revealed a thickened dermis with shortened and rarefied elastic fibers. Ultrastructural study showed collagen fibers with variable and irregular diameters. Elastic fibers were scarce and their relatively poor matrix was surrounded by numberous microfibrils. The outline of the fibers was irregular with deep recesses filled with microfibrils. The ergastoplasm of the fibroblasts was well developed. The differential diagnosis with other connective dystrophies showed the original characteristic of this case. Clinically and histopathologically, the skin abnormalities are probably related to the deficiency in elastase inhibitor. ( info)

16/257. Bart syndrome: the congenital localized absence of skin may follow the lines of Blaschko. Report of six cases.

    Three cutaneous manifestations are characteristic of Bart syndrome: congenital localized absence of skin (CLAS), mucocutaneous blistering, and nail abnormalities. Six cases of Bart syndrome are herein reported. Localized absence of skin is present at birth, particularly on the anterior aspects of the lower extremities and dorsa of the feet. Physical trauma in utero has been proposed as a mechanism to explain the denuded areas on the limbs. The recurrent, highly similar pattern of the congenital defect in regard to location and clinical appearance in our patients and in most of the reported cases strongly suggests that trauma is too simplistic an explanation. Because of the observed bilateral and symmetric distribution of denuded areas in an S-shaped broad band, their sharply demarcated borders, the involvement of the toe webs, and the frequent similar involvement of the soles, we suggest that congenital localized absence of skin in Bart syndrome may follow the lines of Blaschko. ( info)

17/257. Popliteal pterygium syndrome in a Swedish family--clinical findings and genetic analysis with the van der Woude syndrome locus at 1q32-q41.

    The present study describes a Swedish family in which the mother and her son were affected with signs of popliteal pterygium syndrome (PPS, OMIM 119500). Both individuals had bilateral complete cleft lip and palate, oral synechiae, paramedian pits on the lower lip, toe syndactyly and a piece of triangular skin overgrowth on the great toes. The son also presented with soft tissue syndactyly of the 2nd and 3rd fingers. Although popliteal pterygium was not found, the above clinical features were diagnostic for PPS. Chromosomal abnormalities were not revealed in either case by cytogenetic analyses. A test for microdeletion in the VWS region at 1q32-q41 was performed in the family using 5 polymorphic microsatellite markers from the region. The affected son was found to be heterozygous for all 5 markers, suggesting that microdeletion at the VWS region was unlikely. The VWS locus, however, was not excluded by haplotype analysis of the family. ( info)

18/257. Cardio-facio-cutaneous syndrome phenotype in an individual with an interstitial deletion of 12q: identification of a candidate region for CFC syndrome.

    We report on a 19-month-old girl who presented with the phenotype of cardio-faciocutaneous (CFC) syndrome including characteristic minor facial anomalies, cardiac defect, ectodermal anomalies, and developmental delay. cytogenetic analysis showed the presence of an interstitial deletion of one chromosome 12, del(12)(q21.2q22), confirmed by fluorescence in situ hybridization with chromosome band specific probes. Controversy exists as to whether CFC and noonan syndrome (NS) are distinct disorders, a contiguous gene syndrome, or allelic variants. The identification of the del(12) in this patient, in a region distinct from the putative NS locus, supports the view that CFC is a genetically distinct condition from NS. In addition, this implicates the region 12q21.2-->4q22 as a candidate region for the gene(s) causing CFC syndrome. ( info)

19/257. Further evidence for autosomal dominant inheritance and ectodermal abnormalities in Kabuki syndrome.

    Most cases with Kabuki syndrome (KS) were reported sporadically. Recently, a few familial cases of KS were reported. This report provides further evidence that the KS is inherited as a dominant trait with variable expressivity. The proposita is an 18-month-old girl with facial findings characteristic of Kabuki syndrome, prominent fingertip-pads, a midsagittal cleft of vertebral body D4, hypotonia, and psychomotor retardation. Her mother had a similar facial appearance, prominent, cup-shaped ears, an abnormal dentition, early breast development, and low-normal intelligence. Because mother and daughter both had evident Kabuki syndrome, we conclude that KS in this family is inherited as a dominant trait. Further family history supports this finding. Microscopic examination of the hair of the proposita shows abnormalities consisting of trichorrhexis nodosa, twisting of the hairshafts, and irregularity of the diameter of the hair, as was described recently in a patient with KS. This could be another occasional finding in this syndrome, but further studies are required. The presence of abnormal hair, nails, and the commonly described tooth abnormalities in KS further suggest ectodermal involvement in this syndrome. ( info)

20/257. A case of the new overgrowth syndrome--macrocephaly with cutis marmorata, haemangioma and syndactyly.

    Moore et al. [(1997) J Med Genet 70:67-73] and Clayton-Smith et al. [(1997) Clin Dysmorphol 6:291-302] have recently described a new overgrowth syndrome with macrocephaly, cutis marmorata, haemangiomas and digit syndactyly. Other features have included body asymmetry, hydrocephalus requiring shunting and developmental delay. All 22 cases reported are sporadic. We report a further case of this rare syndrome. ( info)
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