Cases reported "Skin Diseases, Parasitic"

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1/5. Human infestation by Ophionyssus natricis snake mite.

    A family presented with a papular vesiculo-bullous eruption of the skin, found to be caused by the snake mite, Ophionyssus natricis (Cervais, 1844). A pet python was the primary host. Treatment of the animal and its environment led to clearance of the human skin lesions.
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keywords = animal
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2/5. Case report: gnathostomiasis in two travelers to zambia.

    gnathostomiasis is a systemic infection caused by migrating nematode larvae of the genus gnathostoma. It is a zoonosis involving a wide variety of animals as intermediate and definitive hosts, and consumption of raw fish is the main risk factor. The condition is most commonly seen in southeastern asia, but has been described in a number of other countries, all outside africa. We report the infection in two travelers returning from southcentral africa, who presented with non-specific symptoms and marked eosinophilia, and in whom schistosomiasis was initially suspected. The typical migratory skin lesions of gnathostomiasis appeared later. The infections responded well to albendazole. The patients acquired the infection in western zambia; this region of africa appears to be a newly identified risk area for gnathostomiasis in tourists who indulge in eating raw freshwater fish.
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keywords = animal
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3/5. A case of cutaneous myiasis caused by Wohlfahrtia magnifica.

    myiasis is caused by the invasion of tissues or organs of man or animals by dipterous larvae. The disease is infrequent in turkey; it is observed particularly in people with some predisposing factors. A 46-year-old male farmer with nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome (NBCCS) presented with the complaint of a blood-tinged discharge and pain in the left frontal-temporal region for three days. physical examination revealed live maggots in the ulcerous wound resulting from basal cell carcinoma. The larvae were removed with forceps, and the wound was locally dressed with povidone-iodine. The maggots were identified as the third instar larvae of Wohlfahrtia magnifica.
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keywords = animal
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4/5. Cutaneous oesophagostomiasis in man.

    A case is presented of infection by oesophagostomum, a nematode worm, producing a cutaneous nodule in man. Of the 70 individual cases reported in man it is believed that this is the first in which the worm has produced a lesion outside the gastro-intestinal tract and without evidence of bowel infection. This finding suggests either that the worm is able to achieve direct skin penetration or that it can be disseminated from the bowel via the bloodstream or the lymphatics. The pathology caused by oesophagostomum and the possible modes of infection are discussed in relation to studies in animals, particularly simians and cattle.
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keywords = animal
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5/5. dirofilariasis, a rare, usually imported dermatosis.

    dirofilariasis is an animal filariasis, exceptionally transmitted to man. The clinical manifestations are usually one or a few subcutaneous nodules which are frequently mistaken for lipomas or epidermic cysts. Inside the nodule may be found a worm, adult but immature. There are no systemic reactions and the only required treatment is surgical excision of the nodules.
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