Cases reported "Skin Diseases, Parasitic"

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1/7. Cutaneous strongyloides stercoralis infection: an unusual presentation.

    strongyloides stercoralis is a widespread, soil-transmitted, intestinal nematode common in tropical and subtropical countries. The parasite is unique in its capability to carry out its entire life cycle inside the human body. Human beings contract strongyloidiasis by penetration of filariform larvae into the skin or mucous membrane after contact with contaminated soil. The larvae travel by the venous systems to the lungs, then ascend the bronchi to the trachea, where the larvae are coughed up by the human host, subsequently swallowed, and attain their habitat in the small intestine. Chronic strongyloidiasis acquired in endemic areas may last decades and gives rise to various dermatologic lesions, the most characteristic of which is larva currens, a serpiginous, creeping urticarial eruption. In disseminated strongyloidiasis, the characteristic skin lesions are widespread petechiae and purpura. We present a case of disseminated strongyloidiasis with an unusual manifestation mimicking a drug rash and review the dermatologic manifestations of strongyloidiasis infestation.
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keywords = stercoralis
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2/7. Pelodera strongyloides infestation presenting as pruritic dermatitis.

    Pelodera strongyloides is a free-living soil nematode of the order rhabditida. We report an 18-year-old man with P strongyloides skin infestation. In this case, pruritic follicular papulopustules developed on the buttocks, then the right flank. skin scrapings revealed many live rhabditiform larvae that were cultured adult worms and hatched ova, identified as P strongyloides . The eruption was treated effectively with topical 1% gamma-hexachlorocyclohexane ointment.
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ranking = 3.4290812657008
keywords = strongyloides
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3/7. larva currens in a case of organophosphorous poisoning.

    A 20-year-old healthy farmer consumed organophosphorous poison. On third day he developed diarrhoea and on fourth day linear serpiginous ulcers appeared on both buttocks. Clinically lesions were considered as decubitus ulcers. By stool examination and other laboratory investigations it was diagnosed as cutaneous larva currens due to strongyloides stercoralis in a case of organophosphorus poisoning. Patient responded very well to a course of albendazole.
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ranking = 0.2
keywords = stercoralis
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4/7. Disseminated strongyloidiasis presenting as purpura.

    We report a patient with disseminated strongyloidiasis who was being treated with steroids for cerebral edema caused by brain metastases from urinary bladder carcinoma. He had extensive purpura involving the abdomen, arms, and thighs. A skin biopsy specimen showed numerous larvae of strongyloides stercoralis. Subsequently, rhabdoid larvae of S. stercoralis were isolated in the stool and the sputum. The patient died 2 days later despite thiabendazole therapy.
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ranking = 0.4
keywords = stercoralis
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5/7. dermatitis rhabditidosa in an 11-year-old girl: a new cutaneous parasitic disease of man.

    Rhabditiform larvae of Rhabditis (Pelodera) strongyloides caused pruritic lesions in an 11-year-old girl, and persisted for 2 1/2 months. Larvae were found in skin scrapings from the child and in the family dog's hair.
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ranking = 0.48986875224297
keywords = strongyloides
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6/7. dermatitis due to larvae of a soil nematode, Pelodera strongyloides.

    A 6-month-old infant girl was seen because of failure to thrive and hyperpigmented papulonodules on the lower abdomen and thighs. Results of skin biopsy demonstrated dauer larvae of a soil nematode, Pelodera strongyloides, in the dermis. This is the second documented episode of human dermatitis due to this nematode, which more often invades the skin of dogs, cattle, horses, and sheep.
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ranking = 2.4493437612149
keywords = strongyloides
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7/7. Disseminated strongyloidiasis with cutaneous manifestations in an immunocompromised host.

    Recognition of the characteristic cutaneous eruption of disseminated strongyloidiasis can be crucial for early diagnosis and treatment of this potentially fatal infestation. We describe a corticosteroid-dependent elderly man who had a purpuric eruption. Filariform larvae of strongyloides stercoralis were found in dermal granulomas and also in the sputum.
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ranking = 0.2
keywords = stercoralis
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