Cases reported "Skin Diseases"

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11/222. Acute monocytic leukemia presenting as cutaneous involvement.

    Specific cutaneous lesions appearing during acute monocytic leukemia (AMoL) are more frequent than those associated with other types of leukemia. However, skin involvement preceding the presence of leukemic cells in the peripheral blood is quite rare. In this paper, we describe a case where a 25-year-old male had multiple infiltrative erythemas and nodules on his arms. Histologically, the nodules were formed by masses of tumor cells in the dermis. Peripheral-blood tests revealed no abnormalities, but bone marrow aspiration from the sternum led to a diagnosis of AMoL. The diagnosis of specific cutaneous lesions of AMoL was confirmed by the results of cytochemical studies of bone marrow smears, and cutaneous nodules of cutaneous biopsy specimens led to early diagnosis. Complete remission was achieved with combination chemotherapy and peripheral blood stem cell transplantation. copyright (R) 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel
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ranking = 1
keywords = bone
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12/222. Report of a kindred with bone lesions and subcutaneous abscesses of unknown etiology.

    This case report concerns a 12-year-old boy who had a 9-year history of mandibular lesions of unknown origin. The mandible showed changes resembling chronic osteomyelitis. The tibia and temporal bone also exhibited radiolucencies. Many subcutaneous abscesses were present. The boy died at the age of 14 years as a result of rupture of the aorta. In his family, there were seven members who had bone lesions and eleven who suffered from skin abscesses.
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ranking = 3
keywords = bone
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13/222. Cutaneous presentation of posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder.

    Posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) is a known complication of solid organ and bone marrow transplantation. However, cutaneous manifestation is an extremely rare phenomenon of this disorder. We describe a lung transplantation patient with cutaneous PTLD who presented with bilateral extremity nodules and fever.
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keywords = bone
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14/222. Silicone granuloma on the entry points of acupuncture, venepuncture and surgical needles.

    We describe a case of epithelioid granuloma on the entry points of needles used for acupuncture, venepuncture and for taking skin biopsy. The acupuncture needles used at each session were silicone coated. silicon was detected in the vacuoles of macrophages and multiple nucleated giant cells by X-ray microanalysis. To our knowledge, this is the first case of silicone granuloma arising on the entry points of acupuncture, venepuncture and surgical needles.
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ranking = 105.56253565623
keywords = macrophage
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15/222. Varicella zoster meningoencephalitis following treatment for dermatomal zoster in an alloBMT patient.

    herpes zoster infections are frequently observed after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (alloBMT). In the majority of cases, the infection is restricted to specific dermatomes and responds to oral acyclovir, without visceral dissemination. We report the case of a 40-year-old male who developed dermatomal herpetic infection 8 months post alloBMT. The herpetic rash responded well to treatment with high-dose oral acyclovir. However, within a week of cessation of therapy, the patient re-presented with dermatomal zoster and meningoencephalitis. Although the cutaneous lesions resolved with intravenous acyclovir, clinical features of meningoencephalitis persisted, along with evidence of varicella zoster virus (VZV) dna in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). A satisfactory response to treatment was observed only after the addition of intravenous foscarnet to acyclovir. Based on our experience with this patient, we suggest that in a subset of alloBMT recipients, late dermatomal herpes zoster infections may respond only partially to treatment with standard oral acyclovir. The use of oral acyclovir preparations with higher bioavailability (valacyclovir) or intravenous acyclovir early on may prevent the considerable morbidity associated with disseminated zoster infection. bone marrow transplantation (2000) 26, 795-796.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = bone
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16/222. Type A Niemann-Pick disease.

    Niemann-Pick disease (NPD) represents a type of lysosomal storage diseases in which sphingomyelin accumulates in the histocytes and reticuloendothelial cells of the spleen, liver, lymph nodes, bone marrow and central nervous system. We report a child with massive hepatosplenomegaly, lymphadenopathy, mental retardation and widespread papulonodular lesions. His clinical features conform to the type A subgroup of NPD.
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keywords = bone
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17/222. nadroparin-induced calcinosis cutis in renal transplant recipients.

    Low-molecular-weight heparins are routinely used to prevent deep venous thrombosis following renal transplantation in our department. We report 2 patients who developed tender erythematous subcutaneous nodules with induration, ulceration and necrosis at the site of subcutaneous administration of nadroparin. Both patients were renal transplant recipients with impaired graft function and high serum calcium-phosphate products. The diagnosis calcinosis cutis was confirmed by technetium-99m bone scan and by histological examination of biopsies. Both patients showed spontaneous recovery several weeks after discontinuation of nadroparin. patients with chronic renal failure and hyperphosphatemia may be predisposed to develop calcinosis cutis. In addition, the role of the calcium content of nadroparin is discussed.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = bone
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18/222. Avascular necrosis in the femoral head secondary to bone marrow infarction in a patient with graft-versus-host disease after unrelated bone marrow transplantation.

    We previously reported a case of bone marrow infarction attributable to acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) in a patient with acute lymphoblastic leukemia after unrelated bone marrow transplantation (BMT). Although the bone marrow infarction-induced arthralgia in this patient improved, severe arthralgia appeared again with exacerbation of chronic GVHD, and the arthralgia was strongly correlated with the clinical course of chronic GVHD, i.e., the course of symptoms such as dermal and hepatic GVHD and ocular dryness. Finally, the patient developed avascular necrosis (AVN) in the right femoral head. serum interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-10 levels were high at the onset of arthralgia but low during remission, and levels of interferon-gamma were undetectable throughout the period of arthralgia. Based on the clinical course and these data, chronic GVHD was thought to have been the major cause of the AVN. Since IL-10 antagonizes various other cytokines that induce GVHD, the increase in IL-10 might have inhibited the development of GVHD.
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ranking = 5.5
keywords = bone
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19/222. Bilateral carpal tunnel syndrome as a clue for the diagnosis of systemic amyloidosis.

    A 60-year-old Swiss woman presented with a 1-year history of periorbital hemorrhagic papules, a tendency to develop hematoma due to minor trauma and shortness of breath. The personal medical history included surgery for bilateral carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) 2 years ago. Clinical and laboratory findings included macroglossia, Bence-Jones proteinuria, reticular lung infiltrates, thickening of the ventricular walls in echocardiography and increase in atypical plasma cells in the bone marrow. The coexistence of the specific symptoms of CTS, macroglossia and cutaneous lesions should immediately alert the physician to the probable existence of plasma-cell-dyscrasia-related systemic amyloidosis.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = bone
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20/222. Waldenstrom's macroglobulinaemia presenting as reticulate purpura and bullae in a patient with hepatitis b virus infection.

    Cutaneous manifestations of Waldenstrom's macroglobulinaemia (WM) include purpura, ulcers, urticaria, leukocytoclastic vasculitis, and immunobullous dermatoses. No association has been reported previously of WM and hepatitis b virus (HBV) infection. A 40-year-old female HBV carrier was admitted to hospital because of generalized oedema, oliguria, haematuria, hypertension, fever and blood-tinged sputum. Cutaneous manifestations included generalized petechiae, palpable purpura mainly on the legs, multiple necrotic ulcerations and gangrenous changes on the toes, and necrotic, giant confluent reticulate purpura on the trunk surmounted by several tense bullae. Laboratory investigations revealed monoclonal gammopathy of IgM kappa type (6.7 g/L), membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis associated with HBV infection, Bence Jones proteinuria, and an increased number of abnormal plasmacytoid cells in the bone marrow. Pathologic examination demonstrated immune complex-mediated vasculitis with deposits of IgM in the walls of dermal vessels and secondary subepidermal bulla formation. HBV infection may have caused WM or modified the clinical course in this fatal case.
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keywords = bone
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