Cases reported "Skin Neoplasms"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/17. Histochemical investigation into the molecular mechanisms of malignant transformation in a benign glomus tumour.

    A glomangiosarcoma arose in a benign glomus tumour. The histological and immunohistochemical characteristics of the tumour were investigated. Apoptotic cells were identified by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT) mediated dUTP-biotin nick end labelling (TUNEL). The proportion of apoptotic cells was found to be low and TUNEL positive nuclei were present in the benign part of the tumour. Bcl-2 protein, an inhibitor of apoptosis, was strongly expressed in the glomangiosarcoma with only weak staining in the benign area. The proliferation index of the glomangiosarcoma was almost 10-fold higher than that of the benign glomus tumour. Numerous nuclei in the glomangiosarcoma were intensely stained for the tumour suppressor protein p53. The results of the this study may contribute to an understanding of the molecular basis of malignant transformation in benign glomus tumours.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = apoptosis
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/17. Adjuvant therapy with hyaluronidase prior to excision of dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans.

    BACKGROUND: dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) are uncommon, low grade cutaneous malignancies, which rarely metastasize. Although surgery is the main therapy for these tumors, they commonly recur in spite of wide excisions. Hyaluronidase (HD) has been used both intralesionally as well as intravenously as an adjuvant in therapy of both epithelial and mesenchymal malignancies to decrease local spread, to potentiate differentiation induced apoptosis, and to potentiate the tissue penetration of chemotherapeutic agents. In addition, there is a long history of intralesional HD use without significant complications. The biologic characteristics of DFSP including the observation that hyaluronic acid is commonly present and sometimes is increased in these tumors and the known effects of HD therapy in other malignancies suggested to us that HD pretreatment may be a helpful adjuvant in the surgical management of DFSPs. Following diagnostic biopsy of a recurrent DFSP, the patient was treated for 4 weeks with intralesional HD injections. RESULTS: Based on margins necessary for complete excision from past studies, this patient had decreased margin width and thus had a postoperative wound size less than was expected. The patient has had no evidence of recurrence at 24 months follow-up.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = apoptosis
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/17. bowen's disease showing spontaneous complete regression associated with apoptosis.

    Spontaneous regression is sometimes seen in malignant skin tumours. We report a 68-year-old woman whose bowen's disease showed spontaneous complete regression. Prominent infiltration of T cells and increased vascularity were found in the upper dermis of the regressed lesion. Strong expression of Fas (APO-1/CD95) antigen, an apoptosis-related tumour necrosis factor receptor family protein, in the primary lesion and faint expression following regression suggest the involvement of Fas-mediated apoptosis in the spontaneous complete regression of our patient's bowen's disease.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 6
keywords = apoptosis
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/17. Melanocytic nevus with pregnancy-related changes in size accompanied by apoptosis of nevus cells: a case report.

    Melanocytic nevi are commonly believed to undergo changes during pregnancy. This is probably related to hormonal influences; however, few studies have been able to prove it. We observed a case of a benign melanocytic nevus, which showed significant enlargement during pregnancy and immediate postpartum regression associated with increased apoptosis of nevus cells. Estrogen and progesterone receptors were not found in our case, although the clinical course still suggested a close association with hormonal influences.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 5
keywords = apoptosis
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/17. Gene expression profile in a case of primary cutaneous CD30-negative large T-cell lymphoma with a blastic phenotype.

    A 65-year-old Japanese woman presented with disseminated erythematous patches, plaques, and nodules on the trunk and limbs. Histological examination showed diffuse and dense infiltrates located in the dermis and subcutis, composed of large pleomorphic T lymphocytes. Immunohistochemically, neoplastic cells were positive for blastic T-cell markers, but negative for CD30 (Ki-1) antigen. Based on the clinicopathological findings, a diagnosis of primary cutaneous large T-cell lymphoma was made. Despite systemic chemotherapy, the patient died 7 months after diagnosis. gene expression profiling using complementary DNA microarrays indicated significantly increased expression of an apoptosis-inhibitory protein and certain cyokines and cytokine receptors (e.g. MCP-1, MCP-2, IP-10, and IL-2R gamma) in the tumour-indurated skin. Comprehensive gene expression patterning in additional cases may provide useful information regarding the biological and clinical behaviour of aggressive cutaneous lymphomas such as CD30-negative large T-cell lymphoma.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = apoptosis
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/17. A case of acral lentginous melanoma: the correlation between CD95L expression on melanoma cells and apoptosis of tumor infiltrating lymphocytes.

    There is an increasing amount of evidence that melanoma cells express the ligand for CD95 (CD95L), a potent inducer of apoptosis which contributes to creating the immune privileged circumstances of tumor sites. However, it still remains to be demonstrated whether the capacity of melanoma cells to express CD95L is acquired during the progression. We addressed this question with a case of acral lentiginous melanoma by employing immunostaining using an antibody directed against CD95L as well as by in situ TUNEL staining. H&E-staining of tumor specimens revealed that there were two different growth patterns. The central part of the tumor showed a deeper invasion into the dermis (Breslow thickness >4 -mm). The horizontally growing edge of the tumor proliferated more superficially (Breslow thickness<3-mm). Relatively fewer lymphocytes were observed around the melanoma nests in central areas, which expressed detectable amounts of CD95L. In contrast, more lymphocytes were observed among the melanoma cells in the peripheral lesion, where CD95L was not detected. To evaluate the relevance of the CD95L expression, in situ TUNEL staining was performed. This indicated a significant correlation of lymphocyte apoptosis with CD95L expression on melanoma cells. Together the data suggest that expression of CD95L is turned on depending on the level of melanoma, and that it may tribute to creating immune privileged circumstances by initiating apoptosis of tumor filrating lymphocytes.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 7
keywords = apoptosis
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/17. Aggressive Epstein-Barr virus-associated, CD8 , CD30 , CD56 , surface CD3-, natural killer (NK)-like cytotoxic T-cell lymphoma.

    We report an unusual case of aggressive natural killer (NK)-like cytotoxic T-cell lymphoma in a previously healthy immunocompetent West African male. He presented with a fever of unknown origin, subsequently developed erythematous skin nodules, generalized lymphadenopathy, and hepatosplenomegaly, and then died of multiple organ failure. A skin nodule and lymph node biopsy showed an infiltrate of pleomorphic atypical medium and large lymphoid cells with extensive necrosis and prominent apoptosis. Peripheral blood and ascites also harbored these cells, with cytology revealing irregular nuclear folding and basophilic cytoplasm, and some with azurophilic cytoplasmic granules. flow cytometry and immunohistochemistry demonstrated the expression of CD2, CD7, CD8, CD30, CD56, and cytoplasmic but not surface CD3. in situ hybridization demonstrated Epstein-Barr virus transcripts. A monoclonal T-cell receptor gamma chain gene rearrangement was detected by polymerase chain reaction. This is the first reported case of an NK-like T-cell lymphoma with these unusual features, making precise classification difficult. Some features suggest an NK1.1 or NKT lymphocyte origin. Because the earliest clinical manifestation was splenomegaly and abnormal liver function, the normal cellular counterpart may be a distinct subset of NK1.1 cells normally present in hepatosplenic sinusoids. This tumor disseminated early and pursued a fulminant clinical course, thus emphasizing the importance of early recognition and diagnosis.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = apoptosis
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/17. Enhancement of classic Kaposi's sarcoma growth after intralesional injections of desferrioxamine.

    We have previously shown that iron may be involved in the pathogenesis of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) and that the iron chelator desferrioxamine (DFO) inhibits the growth and induces the apoptosis of KS cells in vitro. We treated an 85-year-old man with classic KS with 5 weekly intralesional injections of DFO and observed the opposite effect in vivo. The DFO-treated lesion was characterised by the development of numerous KS papules within the drug diffusion area, whereas no change was noted in untreated or control saline-treated lesions. This suggests that intralesional iron chelators are not indicated in patients with KS.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = apoptosis
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/17. T(14;18)(q32;q21) involving IGH and MALT1 is a frequent chromosomal aberration in MALT lymphoma.

    T(11;18)(q21;q21) is the most common structural abnormality in extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT lymphoma) leading to the fusion of the apoptosis inhibitor-2 (API2) gene and the MALT lymphoma-associated translocation (MALT1) gene. In 2 patients with MALT lymphoma of the liver and skin, respectively, t(14;18)(q32;q21) was observed by cytogenetic analysis. Subsequent fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) studies disclosed that the immunoglobulin heavy-chain locus (IGH) and the MALT1 gene were rearranged by this translocation. In order to screen a large series of MALT lymphomas for this aberration, a 2-color interphase FISH assay was established. Among a total of 66 cases, t(14;18)(q32;q21) involving IGH and MALT1 was detected in MALT lymphomas of the liver (4 of 4), skin (3 of 11), ocular adnexa (3 of 8), and salivary gland (2 of 11), but did not occur in MALT lymphomas of the stomach (n = 10), intestine (n = 9), lung (n = 7), thyroid (n = 4), or breast (n = 2). In total, 12 of 66 (18%) MALT lymphomas harbored t(14;18)(q32;q21); 7 additional cases of splenic marginal zone lymphoma tested negative. All of the 12 MALT lymphomas featuring the t(14;18)(q32;q21) were negative for t(11;18)(q21;q21) by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). However, trisomy 3 and/or 18 was found in 4 of 12 cases, suggesting that the t(14;18)(q32;q21) does not occur as the sole genetic abnormality. This study identifies IGH as a new translocation partner of MALT1 in MALT lymphomas, which tend to arise frequently at sites other than the gastrointestinal tract and lung. In contrast to t(11;18)(q21;q21)( ) MALT lymphomas, those with t(14;18)(q32;q21) may harbor additional genetic abnormalities.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = apoptosis
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/17. Topical 1% cidofovir for the treatment of basal cell carcinoma.

    Cidofovir, a purine nucleotide analogue of deoxycytidine, is a drug effective against a wide number of dna viruses. Recently, cidofovir has been supposed to exert antineoplastic activity, through the induction of apoptosis and the inhibition of angiogenesis. Four patients affected by basal cell carcinoma (BCC), who refused conventional surgery, were treated with a cream containing 1% cidofovir. The cream was applied every day for 10 days, then every other day for another 50 days. Histopathologic clearing was assessed with a skin biopsy performed on the previous lesional area 3 months after the end of treatment. All four patients achieved clinical healing of their lesion. Histological tumour regression was achieved in three patients. The treatment was well tolerated and the cosmetic results were excellent. No recurrences after an average 24-month follow up period were detected. The potential effectiveness of topical cidofovir for the non-surgical treatment of BCC have been shown. Nevertheless, appropriate clinical trials and prolonged follow-up periods are needed to confirm the efficacy and safety of topical cidofovir.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = apoptosis
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Skin Neoplasms'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.