Cases reported "Skin Neoplasms"

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1/116. Human herpes-virus 8 seropositive patient with skin and graft Kaposi's sarcoma after lung transplantation.

    Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) has been reported after solid organ transplantation mostly in recipients of renal, liver, heart, and bone allografts. We describe the first case of a patient with lung transplantation who developed KS of the skin, but also of the lung graft. The tumors were localized to places of previous trauma, implying the involvement of a Koebner phenomenon. Moreover, a polymerase chain reaction assay revealed the presence of dna sequences of herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) on tissue of the cutaneous KS. Serological tests showed HHV-8 seronegativity of the graft donor and HHV-8 seropositivity of the patient before lung transplantation suggesting that the latter was already infected before the surgery and that immunosuppression resulted in the development of KS. This case report raises the question of the prevalence of HHV-8 in candidates for transplantation and organ donors, and of the value of an antiviral prophylaxis to lower the risk of KS.
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ranking = 1
keywords = herpesvirus, herpes
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2/116. Human herpesvirus type 8 and epstein-barr virus-associated cutaneous lymphoma taking anaplastic large cell morphology in a man with hiv infection.

    Human herpesvirus type 8 (HHV-8, Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus)-positive lymphoma taking anaplastic large cell morphology in the skin is described in a 46-year-old man with AIDS. Multiple erythematous nodules appeared on the trunk and extremities during the treatment of AIDS. Histological examination of cutaneous nodules showed dense infiltration of CD30 atypical lymphoid cells in the deep dermis. Immunoglobulin JH gene rearrangement was detected in these lymphoma cells. Both Epstein-Barr virus-encoded small RNA and HHV-8 mRNA (T1.1/nut-1) were detected in these lymphoma cells by in situ hybridization. Remarkable retention of the pericardial fluid was observed at the same time that cutaneous lesions grew, and lymphoma cells in the pericardial fluid showed the same phenotype as the cutaneous lymphoma. Chemotherapy with cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone effectively reduced both the cutaneous nodules and pericardial fluid. However, the patient died 4 months after diagnosis because of cytomegalovirus infection. As far as we know, this is the first report of an HHV-8-positive cutaneous lymphoma taking anaplastic large cell morphology. This case suggests the association of AIDS-related anaplastic large cell lymphoma with HHV-8.
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ranking = 4.6050565880411
keywords = herpesvirus, herpes
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3/116. A novel Epstein-Barr virus-like virus, HV(MNE), in a macaca nemestrina with mycosis fungoides.

    Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection of humans has been associated with the development of lymphoid malignancies mainly of B-cell lineage, although occasionally T-cell lymphomas have been reported. We describe here the characterization of a novel EBV-like virus (HV(MNE)) isolated from a simian T-cell lymphotropic virus type I/II (STLV-I/II) seronegative pigtailed macaque (macaca nemestrina) with a cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. immunohistochemistry studies on the skin lesions demonstrated that the infiltrating cells were of the CD3( )/CD8( ) phenotype. Two primary transformed CD8( ) T-cell lines were obtained from cultures of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and skin, and, with time, both cell lines became interleukin-2-independent and acquired the constitutive activation of STAT proteins. polymerase chain reaction analysis of the dna from the cell lines and tissues from the lymphomatous animal demonstrated the presence of a 536-bp dna fragment that was 90% identical to EBV polymerase gene sequences, whereas the same dna was consistently negative for STLV-I/II sequences. Electron microscopy performed on both cell lines, after sodium butyrate treatment, showed the presence of a herpes-like virus that was designated HV(MNE) according to the existing nomenclature. in situ hybridization studies using EBV Epstein-Barr viral-encoded rna probes showed viral RNA expression in both CD8( ) T-cell lines as well as in the infiltrating CD8( ) T cells of skin-tissue biopsies. Phylogenetic analysis of a 465-bp fragment from the polymerase gene of HV(MNE) placed this virus within the lymphocryptovirus genus and demonstrated that HV(MNE) is a distinct virus, clearly related to human EBV and other EBV-like herpesviruses found in nonhuman primates.
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ranking = 0.82563207350514
keywords = herpesvirus, herpes
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4/116. Pre-Kaposi's sarcoma: an expansion of the spectrum of Kaposi's sarcoma lesions.

    We report on a lymphoedematous form of classic Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) in which characteristic purplish lesions were surrounded by atypical oedematous, flesh-coloured papules. Histological examination of these papular lesions revealed a proliferation of grouped, rather thick-walled capillaries with inflammatory infiltrates. Hot-start PCR amplification with KS 330-233 primer sequences demonstrated the presence of human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) sequences. In addition, cells isolated from these oedematous papules showed morphological and immunohistochemical features similar to those reported for KS-derived spindle cells. As a whole, these results suggest that these oedematous papular lesions represent pre-KS lesions and may expand the clinico-pathological spectrum of KS. The role of oedema in their induction is discussed.
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ranking = 6.5042013763349
keywords = human herpesvirus, herpesvirus, herpes
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5/116. Classic Kaposi's sarcoma after multiple-partner heterosexual behavior in Central africa.

    We present a case of a possible sexual transmission of classic Kaposi's sarcoma. To our knowledge, this is the first report of such a case. We noted a long delay between the probable contaminant contact and onset of lesions, suggesting that human herpesvirus 8 has longer incubation periods in healthy individuals than in immunocompromised patients.
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ranking = 6.5042013763349
keywords = human herpesvirus, herpesvirus, herpes
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6/116. Penile intraepithelial neoplasia overlying Kaposi's sarcoma lesions: role of viral synergy?

    Several viral agents have been detected in the lesional tissue of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS). Their precise oncogenic role remains to be determined. A 32-year-old heterosexual man with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) who had penile lesions of KS with overlying epithelial changes characteristic of intraepithelial neoplasia associated with concurrent infection by human papillomavirus (HPV) and human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) is reported. The absence of viral dna from uninvolved skin suggests that this coinfection is more than coincidental and may involve synergy between these viruses, as has already been suggested for HPV and herpes simplex 2 virus.
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ranking = 6.5623240184999
keywords = human herpesvirus, herpesvirus, herpes
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7/116. Presence of human herpesvirus 8 dna sequences in renal transplantation-associated pleural Kaposi sarcoma.

    OBJECTIVE: To describe one case of symptomatic skin and pleural Kaposi sarcoma (KS) associated with kidney transplantation. diagnosis was supported by morphologic study and human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) detection in both tissues. Pulmonary involvement was not present. DESIGN: The presence of HHV-8 dna sequences was proved using polymerase chain reaction (PCR), Southern blot hybridization, and in situ hybridization. SETTING: Human herpesvirus 8 is found in most KS from patients with and without the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Clinically significant pulmonary infiltration by KS is diagnosed uncommonly antemortem, and pleural disease is exceptional. PATIENT: A 49-year-old man who had renal transplant with immunosuppressive therapy (tacrolimus and prednisone) and developed a cutaneous KS. A pleural effusion appeared without pulmonary involvement. Both lesions disappeared when immunosuppressive drugs were suspended. Later, the pleural effusion and the cutaneous lesions reappeared. Pleural biopsy specimens showed KS infiltration. OUTCOME: The patient refused treatment and was lost to follow-up. RESULTS: The skin and pleural biopsies showed a proliferation of spindle-shaped cells positive for CD34. The HHV-8 sequences were detected by nested PCR. No amplification was detected in uninvolved skin from the patient or in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 10 healthy individuals used as controls. The Southern blot hybridization confirmed these results. CONCLUSIONS: To our knowledge, this is the first report of HHV-8 in symptomatic pleural KS, which was probably associated with immunosuppression after kidney transplantation. The demonstration of HHV-8 dna in biopsy material in the appropriate cells could be diagnostic when the morphologic setting is consistent with KS.
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ranking = 33.288516313015
keywords = human herpesvirus, herpesvirus, herpes
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8/116. Kaposi's sarcoma following malignant mesothelioma.

    We report the unusual occurrence of Kaposi's sarcoma following asbestos-related malignant mesothelioma, in a human deficiency virus (hiv)-negative Italian man. Seropositivity to human herpes virus 8 (HHV8) was documented at the time of mesothelioma diagnosis and preceded the onset of Kaposi' sarcoma with a time lapse of 13 months. HHV8 dna was detected by polymerase chain reaction in lesional Kaposi's sarcoma but not within mesothelioma. By immunostaining, mesothelioma cells expressed interleukin-6 and platelet-derived growth factor, which are important for survival of Kaposi's sarcoma cells. Besides the possibility of a casual association, we hypothesize that mesothelioma-linked factors may have contributed to the development of Kaposi's sarcoma in the presence of HHV8 infection.
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ranking = 0.058122642164953
keywords = herpes
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9/116. Human herpesvirus 8-associated solid lymphomas that occur in AIDS patients take anaplastic large cell morphology.

    Human herpesvirus type 8 (HHV-8; Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus) is a recently isolated human herpesvirus frequently identified in Kaposi's sarcoma, primary effusion lymphoma, and multicentric Castleman's disease. Here we report three cases of HHV-8-bearing solid lymphomas that occurred in AIDS patients (Cases 1-3). All three patients were homosexual men presenting extranodal masses in the lungs (Case 1) or skin (Cases 2 and 3), together with the presence of Kaposi's sarcoma (Case 1), primary effusion lymphoma (Case 2), or multicentric Castleman's disease (Case 3). These solid lymphomas exhibited anaplastic large cell morphology and expressed CD30, corresponding to the recent diagnostic criteria of anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL). The chromosomal translocation t(2;5)-associated chimeric protein p80NPM/ALK was not observed in any of these cases. HHV-8 was detected in all of these cases by polymerase chain reaction, immunohistochemistry of HHV-8-encoded ORF73 protein, and in situ hybridization of T1.1. Epstein-Barr virus was detected only in Cases 2 and 3 by in situ hybridization. It is interesting that inoculation of a cell line obtained from a primary effusion lymphoma cell in Case 2 to severe combined immunodeficiency mice produced HHV-8-positive and Epstein-Barr virus-negative tumors in inoculated sites. These tumor cells exhibited phenotypes of ALCL that were identical to the subcutaneous tumor cells of this particular patient. These findings clearly show that HHV-8 can associate with solid lymphomas and that it can take anaplastic large cell morphology. Those lymphomas should be distinguished from the classical ALCL as were defined by the revised European-American classification of lymphoid neoplasms even though morphology and a part of immunophenotype mimic that of classical ALCL.
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ranking = 11.109257964376
keywords = human herpesvirus, herpesvirus, herpes
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10/116. Lymphomatous skin infiltration at the site of previous varicella zoster virus infection in a patient with T cell lymphoma.

    Cutaneous infiltrations in hemopoietic neoplasias are not uncommon. They are generally localized on the legs, arms, back, anterior chest, scalp and face. In rare cases specific infiltration of neoplastic cells is localized in the site of herpes zoster and herpes simplex scars. In this report a case with T cell lymphoma in leukemic phase with skin infiltration in the previous Varicella Zoster Virus (VZV) site of infection is reported and literature is reviewed.
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ranking = 1.0471035712943
keywords = herpes zoster, zoster, herpes
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