Cases reported "Skin Neoplasms"

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1/205. Unusually differentiating immature nerve sheath myxoma in association with dermal melanocytosis.

    A 44-year-old woman presented with a slightly elevated, erythematous lesion, with partially blue-black areas. The nonpigmented area histologically showed a "dissecting" fascicular growth pattern, similar to one of the patterns seen in the cellular type of nerve sheath myxoma. The clinically pigmented part of the lesion consisted of diffusely infiltrating, broad and poorly delineated fascicles often showing nerve sheath differentiation, embedded in a highly myxomatous stroma. No part of the lesion showed the plexiform pattern typical of the classic type of nerve sheath myxoma; rather, the lesion had some common features of neurofibroma, and also was characteristically associated with a considerable number of scattered dermal melanocytes. However, based on the fascicular histologic pattern showing nerve sheath differentiation within mucinous matrix, S-100 protein-negative immunophenotype, and electron microscopic features, we considered the whole lesion in the present case to be an entity within the spectrum of nerve sheath myxoma, either mixed-type nerve sheath myxoma or unusually differentiating immature nerve sheath myxoma, except for the associated dermal melanocytosis. Because of the intimate association of the dermal melanocytes with this nerve sheath myxoma with divergent differentiation, this lesion can also be considered as a distinctive type of benign neoplasm derived from pluripotent neural crest cells.
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ranking = 1
keywords = neurofibroma
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2/205. Von Hippel's disease in association with von Recklinghausen's neurofibromatosis.

    Ten members of a large family who showed manifestations of either von hippel-lindau disease or von Recklinghausen's neurofibromatosis were examined. Three of 10 members were found to have retinal angiomas which had not been present on fundus examination 3 years previously. These angiomas were associated with ocular and systemic signs of neurofibromatosis. These cases show overlapping manifestations of different phakomatoses and provide support for the concept of a common aetiology for these diseases.
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ranking = 6
keywords = neurofibroma
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3/205. Malignant melanoma of the choroid in neurofibromatosis.

    A 60-year-old white woman with generalized neurofibromatosis and multiple melanocytic hamartomas of the iris developed an unusual choroidal mass, with secondary sensory retinal separation in the left eye. Ophthalmoscopically the tumor had a peculiar donut configuration that was caused by a large focus of central necrosis within a spindle B melanoma.
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ranking = 5
keywords = neurofibroma
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4/205. A case of multiple subungual glomus tumors associated with neurofibromatosis type 1.

    glomus tumor is a distinctive neoplasm characterized by the presence of cells that resemble the modified smooth muscle cells of the normal glomus body, which is a specialized form of arteriovenous anastomosis. We report a case of multiple subungual glomus tumors associated with neurofibromatosis and review the literature on the pathophysiology of this association.
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ranking = 5
keywords = neurofibroma
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5/205. Plexiform spitz nevus: an intradermal spitz nevus with plexiform growth pattern.

    Two cases of a distinctive variant of Spitz (spindle and epithelioid cell) nevus are described. One lesion developed on the lower leg of a 17-year-old boy and the other lesion on the back of a 52-year-old man. The microscopic appearance was characterized by a plexiform arrangement of bundles and lobules of enlarged spindle to epithelioid melanocytes throughout the superficial and deep dermis. Intraepidermal melanocytic proliferation was unappreciated. Some lobules were circumscribed by a thin rim of compressed fibrous tissue. In both cases a myxoid stroma was present. The cells had abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm with well-defined borders. The nuclei were enlarged, consistently ovoid and vesicular, with small nucleoli. Both cases contained scattered multinucleate giant cells similar to those observed in classical form of Spitz nevi. No melanin pigment was detectable by light microscopy. No mitoses were observed in one case and a rare mitosis was present in the other. Tumor cells were strongly immunoreactive for S-100, but not for HMB-45, desmin, and actin. The differential diagnosis of this distinctive tumor includes desmoplastic/neurotropic melanoma, plexiform spindle cell nevus, cellular blue nevus, plexiform neurofibroma, and cellular neurothekeoma. The designation of "plexiform Spitz nevus" is chosen to emphasize its distinctive plexiform growth pattern.
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ranking = 1
keywords = neurofibroma
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6/205. association between cutaneous melanoma and neurofibromatosis type 1: analysis of three clinical cases and review of the literature.

    The authors report a rare association between cutaneous melanoma and Von Recklinghausen's disease (NF-1) and analyze the possible meaning of this occurrence. Various types of tumors have been associated with NF-1, in particular those of neuroectodermal origin, such as malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNST) and phaeochromocytoma. The development of malignant melanoma in NF-1 patients is rare. Data from the literature is enable to demonstrate an increased incidence of cutaneous melanoma in patients with neurofibromatosis but the association of these two disorders seems reasonable in theory, as both are abnormalities of a neural crest origin. The cases described may represent not only a clinical report of two rarely associated disorders, but may also confirm the biological mechanisms responsible for these infrequent diseases.
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ranking = 5
keywords = neurofibroma
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7/205. The association of neurofibromatosis and hyperparathyroidism.

    Two patients with coexisting neurofibromatosis and hyperparathyroidism are described, bringing the total number of such cases in the world literature to seven. Other more classic examples of the association of tumorous conditions of neuroectodermal and entodermal origin are discussed to support the suggestion that the association of these two diseases may be another variant of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN2b). It may be clinically profitable to investigate all patients with either disease in order to uncover their coexistence.
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ranking = 5
keywords = neurofibroma
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8/205. Solitary cutaneous myxoma.

    We describe a case of a large pedunculated solitary cutaneous myxoma arising on the thigh of a 47-year-old man without evidence of Carney's complex, NAME, or LAMB syndromes. The diagnosis was confirmed by hematoxylin and eosin stain, special stains, and immunocytochemistry studies. The tumor was surgically resected with no evidence of recurrence after 6 months. Solitary cutaneous myxoma should be differentiated histologically from myxoid neurofibroma, neurothekeoma, and ossifying and nonossifying fibromyxoid tumor.
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ranking = 1
keywords = neurofibroma
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9/205. Glandular malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor: an unusual case showing histologically malignant glands.

    In this report, we describe a highly unusual case of glandular malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor presenting as a neck mass in a previously healthy 29-year-old man. Grossly, the tumor was found to arise from a swollen peripheral nerve trunk. The tumor was largely composed of spindle cells that demonstrated marked nuclear pleomorphism and numerous abnormal mitotic figures. In addition, histologically malignant glandular structures lined by simple nonciliated columnar cells with goblet cells were found clustered in the center of the tumor. Examination of the swollen peripheral nerve trunk revealed the presence of a plexiform neurofibroma. The spindle cells were positive for S100. The glands were negative for S100 but positive for keratin, epithelial membrane antigen, and neuroendocrine markers (somatostatin, chromogranin, Leu-7, and calcitonin). This patient was subsequently diagnosed as having von Recklinghausen disease and died of tumor metastasis to the lungs 34 months after the presentation. To our knowledge, only 3 similar cases have been previously described in the literature.
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ranking = 1
keywords = neurofibroma
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10/205. Cutaneous melanoma in a patient with neurofibromatosis.

    Although neurofibromatosis and cutaneous melanoma are both diseases of neuroectodermal origin, reports of their association are rare. The case history of a patient with histologically documented neurofibromatosis and a nodular melanoma unrelated to a cafe-au-lait spot or congenital nevus is reported, and the literature reviewed. The appearance of only one patient with neurofibromatosis in a series of 900 patients with melanoma suggests that these diseases are probably not associated with greater frequency than that predicted by chance alone.
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ranking = 7
keywords = neurofibroma
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