Cases reported "Skin Ulcer"

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1/13. Chronic factitial ulcer of chin cured by endodontic (root-canal) surgery for underlying periapical abscess.

    In a determined search for the cause of a "factitial" ulcer of the jaw, consultation with 3 dentists was required before an underlying periapical abscess was discovered. Within 3 months of endodontic surgery, this ulcer of 12 years duration had completely healed and remains healed. Too often dental infection is neither suspected nor detected as a cause of skin disease.
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2/13. Extensive oral mucosal ulcerations caused by misuse of a commercial mouthwash.

    This case report describes severe mucosal injuries following misuse of an undiluted over-the-counter mouthwash with a high alcohol content (70%), oil of peppermint and arnica. The mouthwash was to be diluted 5:1 with water. The patient used undiluted solution to better treat her self-diagnosed "contagious gum infection." She experienced burning sensation with each rinse and developed severe mucosal injuries subsequently. Her oral condition improved within 48 hours following discontinuation of use of the mouthwash and application of a mixture of Benadryl Elixir, Maalox Plain, and 2% viscous lidocaine. A detailed history and review of a patient's medical condition will help to differentiate self-induced mucosal injuries from those caused by an allergic reaction or skin diseases.
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3/13. Post-apopletic trigeminal trophic syndrome.

    Trigeminal trophic syndrome is an uncommon clinical entity in which cutaneous trophic ulceration develops with continuous manipulation of trigeminal dermatomes. patients spontaneously refer picking, rubbing and/or scratching at the affected areas because of hypo-anaesthesia, paraesthesia and/or pain following damage of the sensory trigeminal fibres or nuclei. We herein describe a patient who developed the syndrome as a sequela of brain stem infarction. diagnosis by scrape cytology in ruling-out basal cell carcinoma and other ulcerative skin diseases is discussed and the importance of neurological examination in disclosing hemi-anaesthesia of trigeminal dermatome(s) is emphasized.
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4/13. pyoderma gangrenosum: a great marauder.

    pyoderma gangrenosum is a progressively necrotizing and ulcerative skin disease that mimics a severe bacterial infection. However, the cause is not infectious in nature and the lesions are refractory to local wound care and antibiotic therapy. The etiology of pyoderma remains unknown, although pathogenic mechanisms may involve immunologically mediated cutaneous damage. The authors report a 67-year-old woman in whom a necrotic ulcer developed at a chest tube site. Treated with local wound care and antibiotics, this lesion spread progressively to involve 15% of her body surface area. A septic clinical picture developed despite sterile cultures, and she required several operative debridements. Her disease continued to spread and finally a diagnosis of pyoderma gangrenosum was considered. Treated with systemic steroids, hyperbaric oxygen (HBO), and local wound care, she eventually underwent skin grafts.
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5/13. case reports and a review of the literature on ulcers mimicking pyoderma gangrenosum.

    pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is a rare, ulcerative skin disease. Diseases with cutaneous manifestations resembling PG may lead to the misdiagnosis of PG. We discuss two patients presenting with cutaneous ulcers originally thought to be PG, and review the literature on the clinical and pathologic characteristics of PG ulcers compared to PG-like ulcers in order to determine possible distinguishing features.
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6/13. Sweet's syndrome progressing to pyoderma gangrenosum--a spectrum of neutrophilic skin disease in association with cryptogenic cirrhosis.

    A 78-year-old Caucasian woman developed Sweet's syndrome which progressed over 3 weeks to pyoderma gangrenosum and subcorneal pustule formation. In spite of treatment the patient died and post-mortem examination revealed cryptogenic cirrhosis which could have explained the spectrum of neutrophilic skin disease observed in this patient.
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7/13. Atypical neutrophilic dermatosis with subcorneal IgA deposits.

    A 26-year-old woman had a chronic vesiculopustular and ulcerating skin disease associated with fever and arthritis. Cutaneous biopsy specimens showed an extensive infiltration of the dermis and epidermis by neutrophils. Direct immunofluorescence (IF) revealed linear subcorneal IgA deposits. Indirect IF showed IgA antibodies reactive with the subcorneal zone of normal epidermis. The disease responded to dapsone therapy. The association between neutrophilic dermatoses, including pyoderma gangrenosum, subcorneal pustular dermatosis, and related entities, and IgA involvement, either IgA gammopathies and/or intraepidermal IgA deposits, is emphasized. Intraepidermal IgA deposits are possibly involved in the pathogenesis of our patient's condition and of other cases of unusual neutrophilic dermatoses.
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8/13. Skin grafting herpetic ulcers.

    Recurrent and chronic herpetic skin ulcers are associated with the persistence of virus in the dorsal root ganglia serving the respective dermatomes. Descriptions of surgical approaches to control herpetic skin disease have recently appeared in the medical literature. We report the successful excision and skin grafting of chronic genital ulcers. Our subsequent animal studies support our expectations that potential seeding and reinfection of the grafted skin can occur following graft reinnervation. This problem must be watched for following grafts of herpetic ulcers in humans.
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9/13. pyoderma gangrenosum: clinical and laboratory findings in 15 patients with special reference to polyarthritis.

    Fifteen consecutive patients with PG have been studied during the period 1971-78. Systemic disease was found in 13 of the patients and preceded the skin disease in 10 patients by 1-25 years. Only two patients had ulcerative colitis. One patient had paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria and three patients had an IgA myeloma. Eight patients had polyarthritis; this was classical seropositive rheumatoid arthritis in two patients, and a seronegative inflammatory polyarthritis in six patients. Four patients had an unusual progressive erosive seronegative polyarthritis without evidence of granulomatous bowel disease, psoriasis, genital, urinary tract or eye disease. In three of these four patients the arthritis preceded the PG. synovial fluid analysis showed depressed complement levels and in one patient deposits of immunoglobulins and complement were demonstrated in the synovial membrane. The course of the arthritis was progressive with development of disabling joint deformities and erosive destruction of joints, despite treatment with penicillamine, corticosteroids and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. One other patient had severe degenerative joint disease and chondrocalcinosis in association with a seronegative inflammatory polyarthritis, and another patient had ulcerative proctitis and severe degenerative joint disease secondary to chronic seronegative inflammatory polyarthritis. None of the patients had colitic arthritis, but in view of the association between PG and ulcerative colitis, some patients previously reported with PG and joint disease may have been suffering from the arthritis of ulcerative colitis. PG developed at the site of skin trauma in six patients. The natural history of the skin disease ran one of two courses: an acute, progressive course in which the ulcers rapidly enlarged until arrested by treatment; and a chronic course in which the lesions extended slowly and which after a period of weeks began to show signs of spontaneous healing. In only the patients with ulcerative colitis was there any correlation between the activity of the associated disease and the onset and progression of the skin disease. serum complement levels were normal and no circulating cryoprecipitable immune complexes were found. Skin histology showed no evidence of vasculitis and direct immunofluorescence examination of involved skin was negative for IgG, IgM, IgA and C3. No consistent abnormality of cell-mediated immunity or neutrophil function was found and no significantly increased prevalence of any HLA antigen type was noted. Twelve patients have been treated with systemic corticosteroids. Six of these patients developed serious steroid complications and four patients have died, all from complications of steroid therapy.
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keywords = skin disease
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10/13. Allogeneic skin grafting for extensive skin chronic graft-versus-host disease.

    A 35-year-old female with chronic myelogenous leukemia in chronic phase underwent allogeneic bone marrow transplantation from her genotypically-matched brother in 1990. The extensive chronic graft-versus-host skin disease supervened with skin ulcers on both lower legs in 1992. Conservative therapy was unsuccessful for these lesions. Therefore, not only autologous skin grafting but also allogeneic skin grafting from the marrow donor was successfully performed. She has been maintaining her daily activities (karnofsky performance status 90%) with little limitation for 17 months after the final skin grafting.
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