Cases reported "Skull Fractures"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/576. Cranio-cerebral erosion: delayed diagnosis and treatment.

    Cranio-cerebral erosion is a well-known complication of calvarian fracture with underlying dural tear and cerebral injury in infancy and early childhood. The anatomy, pathogenesis and natural evolution of these lesions remain obscure. The common clinical symptoms are seizures, focal neurological deficits, impairment of consciousness and a soft subgaleal mass. Three patients of cranio-cerebral erosion who underwent delayed surgery in their adult lives are presented to illustrate the common and uncommon features, and their long-term outcome is discussed.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = fracture
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/576. Post-traumatic pituitary apoplexy--two case reports.

    A 60-year-old female and a 66-year-old male presented with post-traumatic pituitary apoplexy associated with clinically asymptomatic pituitary macroadenoma manifesting as severe visual disturbance that had not developed immediately after the head injury. Skull radiography showed a unilateral linear occipital fracture. magnetic resonance imaging revealed pituitary tumor with dumbbell-shaped suprasellar extension and fresh intratumoral hemorrhage. Transsphenoidal surgery was performed in the first patient, and the visual disturbance subsided. decompressive craniectomy was performed in the second patient to treat brain contusion and part of the tumor was removed to decompress the optic nerves. The mechanism of post-traumatic pituitary apoplexy may occur as follows. The intrasellar part of the tumor is fixed by the bony structure forming the sella, and the suprasellar part is free to move, so a rotational force acting on the occipital region on one side will create a shearing strain between the intra- and suprasellar part of the tumor, resulting in pituitary apoplexy. Recovery of visual function, no matter how severely impaired, can be expected if an emergency operation is performed to decompress the optic nerves. Transsphenoidal surgery is the most advantageous procedure, as even partial removal of the tumor may be adequate to decompress the optic nerves in the acute stage. Staged transsphenoidal surgery is indicated to achieve total removal later.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = fracture
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/576. Reduction of nasal orbital fractures and simultaneous dacryocystorhinostomy.

    A technique for restoration of structure and function in naso-orbital fractures has been described. Three case reports demonstrate a few of the final results. The case reports also indicate that many of these fractures require late definitive surgery in spite of optimal surgical treatment immediately subsequent to injury.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 6
keywords = fracture
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/576. temporal bone fracture following blunt trauma caused by a flying fish.

    Blunt trauma to the temporal region can cause fracture of the skull base, loss of hearing, vestibular symptoms and otorrhoea. The most common causes of blunt trauma to the ear and surrounding area are motor vehicle accidents, violent encounters, and sports-related accidents. We present an obscure case of a man who was struck in the ear by a flying fish while wading in the sea with resulting temporal bone fracture, sudden deafness, vertigo, cerebrospinal fluid otorrhoea, and pneumocephalus.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 6
keywords = fracture
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/576. Revival of non-surgical management of neonatal depressed skull fractures.

    The management of depressed skull fractures in the newborn infant can be controversial. We report on a neonate, born by Caesarean section with difficult head extraction, complicated by a parietal depressed fracture. This 'ping-pong' fracture was treated by elevation with an obstetrical vacuum extractor. No complications occurred. The possible treatment modalities for neonatal depressed fractures, being conservative or operative, will be discussed.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 8
keywords = fracture
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/576. Maxillofacial fixation with absorbable miniplates: computed tomographic follow-up.

    Rigid internal fixation has become a mainstay of treatment for maxillofacial trauma. Refinement in materials and manufacturing have led to unobtrusive titanium miniplates and microplates. However, concerns remain regarding the presence of plates and screws after fracture healing has occurred. Absorbable rigid fixation systems ideally would provide sufficient strength and fixation to allow osseous healing and then be absorbed without sequelae. Plates and screws made from polylactic acid-polyglycolic acid copolymer approach this ideal. Four maxillofacial trauma patients underwent open reduction and internal fixation using absorbable plates and screws. Direct coronal computed tomographic (CT) scans were obtained before and after repair of the fractures. CT scan 6 months after repair shows adequate reduction of fractures and osseous healing. Clinical follow-up shows no significant sequelae.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 3
keywords = fracture
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/576. acinetobacter meningitis: four nosocomial cases.

    We report the clinical features and therapeutic outcomes of four patients with multiantibiotic-resistant acinetobacter meningitis. There were three males and one female, aged from 17 to 49 years. Three of them had suffered from head injuries with skull fractures, and the other suffered from an intracerebral hemorrhage and underwent a craniotomy. All four patients acquired nosocomial acinetobacter meningitis, and multiantibiotic resistance developed. After treatment with imipenem/cilastatin, three of the four patients survived; one died of multiorgan failure. Because the clinical manifestations of acinetobacter meningitis are similar to those of other gram-negative bacillary meningitis, the diagnosis can only be confirmed by bacterial culture. Resistance to multiple antibiotics, including third-generation cephalosporins, is frequently seen in patients with nosocomial acinetobacter meningitis, and imipenem/cilastatin seems to be the antibiotic of choice for this potentially fatal central nervous system infection.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = fracture
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/576. "Growing fontanelle": a serious complication of difficult vacuum extraction.

    Growing skull fractures in combination with leptomeningeal cysts are well known in childhood. A rare case of a growing fontanelle due to a leptomeningeal cyst is presented. The cyst occurred due to a traumatic delivery with vacuum extraction. Operative repair of the cyst revealed a dural tear at the border of the fontanelle. The imaging findings are discussed.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = fracture
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/576. adult growing skull fracture mimicking a skull tumor.

    Growing skull fractures (GSF) are rare in adults. We report the case of an adult who was found to have a GSF 50 years after head trauma. This case highlights the need to consider GSFs in the differential diagnosis of adults with intradiploic skull lesions.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 5
keywords = fracture
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/576. cochlear implantation following temporal bone fracture.

    Seven cases of profound hearing impairment following either unilateral or bilateral temporal bone fracture are presented who were implanted with the Nucleus 22 channel or Ineraid devices. Six patients suffered bilateral temporal bone fractures. One patient had prior congenital unilateral profound hearing impairment. This patient suffered a unilateral temporal bone fracture. Six patients became regular users of their implants. One gained little benefit and became a non-user. Two of the regular users experienced facial nerve stimulation, which could not be programmed out. In these two cases the implant was removed and the contralateral ear successfully implanted. Implant-aided audiometry demonstrated a hearing threshold of 40-50 dB at nine months after switch-on. The reliability of computed tomography (CT) scanning in predicting cochlear patency in cases of temporal bone fracture will be discussed. The benefit of complimentary imaging with magnetic resonance (MR) is highlighted.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 8
keywords = fracture
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Skull Fractures'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.