Cases reported "Skull Neoplasms"

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1/1390. Juxtaorbital en plaque meningiomas. Report of four cases and review of literature.

    Juxtaorbital spheroid wing or ridge meningiomas are the most common of the basal meningiomas. These are at times meningiomas en plaque, which in most patients do not have significant intracranial component. This article reviews the literature on en-plaque meningiomas and discusses the role of MR imaging and CT in the diagnosis of en-plaque meningiomas of the paraorbital region. The role of fat-suppression, gadolinium-enhanced, T1-weighted MR imaging is emphasized. ( info)

2/1390. Cranio-orbital-temporal neurofibromatosis: are we treating the whole problem?

    Cranio-orbital-temporal neurofibromatosis is an uncommon subtype of neurofibromatosis 1 characterized by pulsatile exophthalmos, orbital neurofibromas, sphenoid wing dysplasia, expansion of the temporal fossa, and herniation of the temporal lobe into the orbit. The cause of the sphenoid wing dysplasia is uncertain. Reconstruction of the sphenoid defect, separating the orbit and cranial vault, has been problematic because of resorption of bone grafts. This reports illustrates one potential cause of the sphenoid defect and a possible cause of the bone graft resorption. ( info)

3/1390. A de novo discharging sinus of the fronto-orbital suture: a rare presentation of a dermoid cyst.

    Dermoid cysts are developmental anomalies, resulting primarily from trapped germinal epithelium. In the neck and head region, the most common location is the fronto-orbital upper outer quadrant of the orbit. Because only a few cases of dermoid cysts with discharging sinus of the fronto-orbital area have been reported in the literature, the authors present an unusual case of a frontozygomatic suture dermoid cyst, presenting as a sinus, in an 56-year-old man. The histologic report confirmed that the cystic lesion was a dermoid cyst with a tract. diagnosis and management are discussed. ( info)

4/1390. Interesting radiologic findings in suprasellar mass lesions. Report of three cases.

    The authors report three quite rare lesions of the sellar/parasellar region. They are namely; pituitary abscess, cystic macroadenoma and osteochondroma. In none of the cases, the preoperative diagnostic priority was not same as the final histopathologic diagnosis. The radiologic findings of these pathologies are discussed with emphasis on differential diagnosis. ( info)

5/1390. Dural osteochondroma: case report, review of the literature and proposal of a new classification.

    Complete excision of a dural osteochondroma is presented. Upon reviewing the literature we noted that basal and convexity osteochondromas, although considered as a single pathological entity, differ in epidemiology, pathogenesis, management and natural history. A new classification is proposed. ( info)

6/1390. Meningeal chondrosarcomas, a review of 31 patients.

    We reviewed the literature to study the clinical features, the management and the outcome of meningeal chondrosarcomas. We included 31 patients in this review: 22 were mesenchymal and nine were non-mesenchymal. The mean age was 27 years and 64% arose from the cranial meninges. The treatment was mainly total surgical excision. Adjuvant therapy was given to 36% of patients. Spinal meningeal chondrosarcomas had a better prognosis (81% 1-year survival and 45% 3-year survival). There were no pathognomonic clinical or radiological features. We concluded that the best management of meningeal chondrosarcomas is total surgical excision whenever possible, followed by combined course of radiotherapy and chemotherapy as soon as possible. ( info)

7/1390. Microvascular reconstruction of the skull base: indications and procedures.

    PURPOSE: The aim of the current study was to review the use of free tissue transfer for reconstruction of the skull base and for coverage of intracranial contents. patients AND methods: From 1990 until 1996, revascularized flaps were transferred to the skull and the skull base in 11 patients in whom intracranial/extracranial resection of tumors of the skull base was performed in cooperation with the Department of neurosurgery. The defects resulted from removal of squamous cell carcinomas (n = 4), basal cell carcinomas (n = 4), malignant melanoma, malignant schwannoma, and malignant meningioma. Defect repair was accomplished by revascularized transfer of latissimus dorsi muscle flaps in seven cases and rectus abdominis flaps and forearm flaps in two cases each. In five patients with extensive intracranial tumor spread, reconstruction was performed for palliative reasons. RESULTS: A safe soft tissue closure of the intracranial and intradural space was achieved in all patients, whereas the contour of the facial skull and the neurocranium was satisfactorily restored at the same time. By using the entire length of the grafted muscle, the vascular pedicle could be positioned next to the external carotid artery and conveniently connected to the cervical vessels. The mean survival time of the patients with palliative treatment was 8.4 months, with an average duration of hospital stay of 24.5 days. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the increased surgical effort of revascularized tissue transfer, microvascular reconstruction of large skull base defects appears to be justified, even as a palliative measure. ( info)

8/1390. A case of laryngeal neurinoma with neurofibromatosis 2.

    We present a case of a laryngeal neurinoma in a patient with neurofibromatosis 2. A 39-year-old man presented to our hospital with multiple complaints including progressive bilateral hearing loss, dizziness, dyspnea, dysphagia, and a 9-year history of right lower leg weakness. magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated multiple lesions including bilateral cerebellopontine angle tumors, a foremen magnum tumor, multiple tumors of the spinal cord, a laryngeal tumor, and several retrocervical tumors. Fiberoptic laryngoscopy revealed a large submucosal supraglottic tumor. The laryngeal tumor was visualized through microlaryngoscopy and excised with a KTP laser directed through a quartz fiber. ( info)

9/1390. hemangiopericytoma and temporal bone.

    hemangiopericytoma is a vascular tumor arising from the pericyts. The tumor involves usually the muskuloskeletal system and the skin. A hemangiopericytoma of the temporal bone is an extremely rare lesion. This paper describes a case of hemangiopericytoma located in temporal bone, its radiologic diagnosis and its therapeutic options as well. ( info)

10/1390. radium-induced malignant tumors of the mastoid and paranasal sinuses.

    In the records of 5,058 persons with therapeutic or occupational exposure to radium, 21 patients with carcinoma of the mastoid and 11 with malignant tumors of the paranasal sinuses were identified. Tumor induction times were 21-50 years for mastoid tumors (median, 33) and 19-52 years for paranasal sinus tumors (median, 34). Dosimetric data are given for the patients whose body burdens of radium have been measured. We found a high proportion of mucoepidermoid carcinoma, comprising 38% of the mastoid and 36% of the paranasal sinus tumors. Three patients had antecedent bone sarcoma at 20, 11, and 5 years, respectively, and a bone sarcoma was discovered at autopsy in a fourth patient. Radiographic changes in the mastoid and paranasal sinuses were similar to those seen in nonradium malignant tumors. More than 800 known persons exposed to radium before 1930 and another group of unknown size who received radium water or injections of radium from physicians are still alive and at risk of developing malignant tumors of the mastoid and paranasal sinuses. ( info)
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