Cases reported "Skull Neoplasms"

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1/218. Dural osteochondroma: case report, review of the literature and proposal of a new classification.

    Complete excision of a dural osteochondroma is presented. Upon reviewing the literature we noted that basal and convexity osteochondromas, although considered as a single pathological entity, differ in epidemiology, pathogenesis, management and natural history. A new classification is proposed.
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ranking = 1
keywords = ewing
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2/218. Meningeal chondrosarcomas, a review of 31 patients.

    We reviewed the literature to study the clinical features, the management and the outcome of meningeal chondrosarcomas. We included 31 patients in this review: 22 were mesenchymal and nine were non-mesenchymal. The mean age was 27 years and 64% arose from the cranial meninges. The treatment was mainly total surgical excision. Adjuvant therapy was given to 36% of patients. Spinal meningeal chondrosarcomas had a better prognosis (81% 1-year survival and 45% 3-year survival). There were no pathognomonic clinical or radiological features. We concluded that the best management of meningeal chondrosarcomas is total surgical excision whenever possible, followed by combined course of radiotherapy and chemotherapy as soon as possible.
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ranking = 46.302651698174
keywords = sarcoma
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3/218. radium-induced malignant tumors of the mastoid and paranasal sinuses.

    In the records of 5,058 persons with therapeutic or occupational exposure to radium, 21 patients with carcinoma of the mastoid and 11 with malignant tumors of the paranasal sinuses were identified. Tumor induction times were 21-50 years for mastoid tumors (median, 33) and 19-52 years for paranasal sinus tumors (median, 34). Dosimetric data are given for the patients whose body burdens of radium have been measured. We found a high proportion of mucoepidermoid carcinoma, comprising 38% of the mastoid and 36% of the paranasal sinus tumors. Three patients had antecedent bone sarcoma at 20, 11, and 5 years, respectively, and a bone sarcoma was discovered at autopsy in a fourth patient. Radiographic changes in the mastoid and paranasal sinuses were similar to those seen in nonradium malignant tumors. More than 800 known persons exposed to radium before 1930 and another group of unknown size who received radium water or injections of radium from physicians are still alive and at risk of developing malignant tumors of the mastoid and paranasal sinuses.
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ranking = 13.229329056621
keywords = sarcoma
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4/218. temporal bone tumours in patients irradiated for nasopharyngeal neoplasm.

    radiation-associated tumours are rare complications of radiotherapy. This study seeks to highlight and discuss the clinically challenging problem of radiation-associated tumours (rats) in the temporal bones of seven patients previously irradiated for nasopharyngeal neoplasm. Seven patients (six males and one female) with radiation-associated temporal bone tumours are presented (five squamous cell carcinomas, one osteogenic sarcoma and one chondrosarcoma). The initial nasopharyngeal disease for which radiotherapy was indicated was nasopharyngeal carcinoma (six patients) and nasopharyngeal lymphoma (one patient). The latency period between radiotherapy and presentation of temporal bone tumours ranged from five years to 30 years with a mean of 12.9 years. All the patients underwent surgical tumour resection. Three patients had post-operative radiotherapy and one patient underwent pre- and post-operative chemotherapy. Two patients died from the disease within three months of treatment with one patient surviving 36 months at the time of writing. One patient died from an unrelated medical condition three months after surgery. With refinement in radiotherapy techniques and the resultant increase in patient survival, there may be more patients with radiation-associated tumours in the future. It remains imperative for clinicians to be vigilant when patients previously irradiated for nasopharyngeal carcinoma present with otological symptoms as the key to the successful management of this condition lies in the early detection and expedient treatment of this difficult disease.
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ranking = 13.229329056621
keywords = sarcoma
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5/218. Post-Paget telangiectatic osteosarcoma of the skull.

    Sarcomatous transformation is the most dreaded complication of Paget's disease. We report on a case of post-Paget telangiectatic osteosarcoma of the skull, a variant of osteogenic osteosarcoma, in a 79-year-old woman. We discuss the radiological pattern in relationship to the differential diagnosis.
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ranking = 39.687987169863
keywords = sarcoma
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6/218. High grade, synchronous colon cancers after renal transplantation: were immunosuppressive drugs to blame?

    Recipients of renal transplants are known to have an increased incidence of cancer, which is believed to be related to the use of immunosuppressive drugs used to prevent rejection. Although the risks of lymphoma and Kaposi's sarcoma are clearly increased in this setting, the association with colon cancer is controversial. We report a 44-yr-old woman, 20 yr post-renal transplant, and with no family history of colorectal cancer or polyps, who was found to have synchronous, poorly differentiated colon cancers associated with extensive abdominal lymph node, bone marrow, and bone (skull) metastasis. The long term immunosuppressive drugs that she had received may have been an important factor in her tumor development and/or progression. Our case and literature review suggest a possible mild, increased risk of colon cancer development in patients after renal transplantation.
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ranking = 6.6146645283105
keywords = sarcoma
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7/218. Distant metastasis of liposarcoma to the dura and skull: a case report.

    A case of metastatic liposarcoma of both skull and brain originating from the lower extremity is described. A 44-year-old male underwent removal of a myxoid type liposarcoma in his left upper thigh and a second operation for local recurrence. A metastatic liposarcoma was also discovered in the mediastinum and treated by radiotherapy. Six years after the initial onset, he presented with progressive consciousness disturbance, motor aphasia, right hemiparesis and subcutaneous swelling in the left frontal region. neuroimaging showed a large tumour extending both intracranially and extracranially across the eroded skull. The intracranial portion of the tumour had invaded the frontal lobe. The tumour was subtotally removed. The operative findings suggested that the tumour had metastasized to the dura mater or the skull initially, and invaded the surrounding tissues. The histological appearance was the same as those of the previous tumours.
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ranking = 46.302651698174
keywords = sarcoma
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8/218. skull metastasis of Ewing's sarcoma--three case reports.

    Three cases of skull metastasis of Ewing's sarcoma were treated. The metastatic lesion was located at the midline of the skull above the superior sagittal sinus in all cases. Surgery was performed in two patients with solitary skull lesions involving short segments of the superior sagittal sinus without remarkable systemic metastasis, resulting in good outcome. The third patient had extensive, multiple tumors involving the superior sagittal sinus which could not be excised, and died due to intracranial hypertension. The surgical indication for skull metastasis of Ewing's sarcoma depends on the location and length of the involved superior sagittal sinus, and general condition.
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ranking = 39.687987169863
keywords = sarcoma
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9/218. Primary osteosarcoma of the skull.

    In 33 cases of primary osteosarcoma of the skull in a relatively old age group, the sex ratio and poor prognosis is the same as in osteosarcoma of long bones. However, patients in the second decade of life free of neurologic disease have a better prognosis.
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ranking = 39.687987169863
keywords = sarcoma
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10/218. Primary Ewing's sarcoma of the skull in children. Utility of molecular diagnostics, surgery and adjuvant therapies.

    Ewing's sarcoma (ES) of the skull is rare. Herein, we present 2 cases of ES that involved the cranium in young children. In one case, the lesion originated in the petrous temporal bone; in the other, the frontal bone. Both children were acutely compromised neurologically by signs and symptoms of raised intracranial pressure. In both cases, radiographs revealed massive tumors affecting the skull. Neurosurgical resection of the tumor was undertaken in both instances, and the diagnosis of ES was confirmed by immunohistochemistry, cytogenetic analysis (translocation 11;22), spectral karyotyping and RT-PCR (demonstration of a EWS/FLI1 fusion transcript). Following aggressive surgical resection, both children received intensive chemotherapy. No child has received radiation therapy. One child is alive and well 8 years after diagnosis without any evidence of residual disease. The other is currently undergoing chemotherapy for her tumor. The principles involved in the management of children with cranial-based ES are discussed. These 2 cases serve to illustrate the fact that even children with massive ES tumors of the cranium may be salvaged with aggressive combination therapy.
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ranking = 33.073322641553
keywords = sarcoma
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