Cases reported "Snoring"

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1/11. Hypersomnia following uvulopalatopharyngoplasty for snoring.

    This report describes three cases who underwent uvulopalatopharyngoplasty for severe snoring and who subsequently developed progressive excessive daytime sleepiness. All three cases were shown to have sleep fragmentation as a result of non-apnoeic episodic upper airway narrowing. These cases raise the possibility that increased upper airway resistance during sleep may be exacerbated or even caused by uvulopalatopharyngoplasty. Ideally, sleep-disordered breathing should be carefully excluded before this surgery is offered as treatment for severe snoring.
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2/11. prader-willi syndrome with sleep disordered breathing: effect of two years nocturnal CPAP.

    We report a case of a 3-year-old child with prader-willi syndrome who had severe sleep disordered breathing with daytime hypersomnolence. His daytime blood gases showed type II respiratory failure. He was effectively treated with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and has used this form of therapy for 2 years now with improvement in daytime somnolence, improved mental acuity and normalisation of daytime blood gases.
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3/11. Three-piece oral appliance with herbst attachments for persistent vegetative state patient with sleep-disordered breathing.

    PURPOSE: persistent vegetative state is a form of wakefulness without awareness. This report describes a dental appliance for the treatment of sleep breathing disorders in this condition. The device can be easily inserted and removed by the patient's family or nurse. MATERIALS AND methods: A 19-year-old woman had been in a persistent vegetative state since having hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy because of cardiopulmonary arrest. Although she exhibited a sleep-wake cycle and normal respiration, she had sleep apnea and snoring, and produced snoring-like sounds even in an awake state. A three-piece device with Herbst attachments was fabricated to treat the symptoms. Overnight sleep studies were carried out to evaluate the effectiveness of the appliance. RESULTS: The device could be handled by the patient's family. snoring was satisfactorily reduced after insertion of the device. sleep apnea, desaturation, and minimal oxygen saturation were markedly improved. CONCLUSION: If the family of a persistent vegetative state patient wishes to treat sleep-disordered breathing, the appliance may be helpful as an alternative to relieve the symptoms. The device could be applied for sleep apnea patients who experience difficulties using other types of oral appliances.
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4/11. Blocked nose and snoring in a 6-year-old boy.

    nasal obstruction, mouth-breathing, snoring and deafness are common symptoms seen in children presenting to the otorhinolaryngology clinic. The aetiopathologies are frequently due to adenotonsillar hypertrophy and otitis media with effusion. Rarely however, nasal obstruction and snoring may be associated with more sinister pathology. We report a case of a child with nasopharyngeal B-cell Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma whose initial symptoms were of nasal obstruction and snoring.
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5/11. Long-term treatment of sleep breathing disorder in a patient with Huntington's disease.

    Huntington's disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder. An association with sleep breathing disorder has not previously been established in the literature. We report the case of a 45-year-old woman with HD, presenting with snoring and observed apnea. polysomnography showed obstructive sleep apnea with an apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) of 6.6 per hour including events up to 57 s long during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. A trial of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) resulted in significant improvement in sleep structure, nocturnal respiration, daytime alertness, and subjective memory. snoring, apneas, and respiratory arousals were abolished on CPAP. HD patients may suffer from sleep breathing disorder, and in spite of potential chorea, CPAP is feasible and may significantly improve their quality of life.
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6/11. Resolution of nocturnal enuresis in snoring children after treatment with nasal budesonide.

    nocturnal enuresis has been associated with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea and may resolve after adenotonsillectomy. Nasal corticosteroids have improved symptoms and polysomnography findings in children with snoring. Two children with primary nocturnal enuresis, chronic nasal obstruction, and loud snoring underwent polysomnography. The apnea-hypopnea index was 4.9 and 7.3 episodes/hr, and the oxygen desaturation of hemoglobin index was 4.6 and 5.2 episodes/hr. After administration of budesonide, the frequency of snoring decreased, the polysomnography findings improved, and the enuresis resolved completely. Six months after treatment, both children were still dry at night. Administration of nasal corticosteroids is associated with resolution of enuresis in children with mild obstructive sleep-disordered breathing.
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7/11. sleep disturbances detected by a sleep apnea monitor in craniofacial surgical patients.

    sleep apnea in craniofacial surgery was investigated. Between January 1999 and December 2003, 18 patients were measured at an at least 6-month interval before and after surgery. Eight patients underwent palatoplasty for cleft palate, and the other 10 patients underwent orthognathic surgery, syndromic craniosynostosis, and postpharyngeal flap surgery. All patients included in the study demonstrated clinical signs of obstructive sleep apnea, such as snoring and cessation of breathing during sleep. An apnomonitor was used for presurgical and postsurgical sleep apnea status by measuring: 1) position during sleep; 2) percutaneous oxygen saturation; 3) respiratory analysis, such as the type of apnea-hypopnea, frequency of the events, and duration of apnea-hypopnea; 4) heart rate; and 5) snore analysis, such as trains, time, mean, and minimal and maximal amplifications.The apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) was significantly improved after surgery, especially in cases other than palatoplasty (7.4 /- 8.73/h and 1.6 /- 0.43/h, before and after surgery, respectively; P < 0.05 excluding palatoplasty). The percentage of snoring to total sleep was also improved significantly (22.4 /- 19.74% and 9.0 /- 8.54%, before and after surgery, respectively; P < 0.01 in all patients).Therefore, changes in sleep apnea parameters were elucidated in craniofacial surgery. Palatoplasty did not necessarily worsen the sleep apnea status, although there were snoring and anatomic abnormalities. Detachment of the pharyngeal flaps improved sleep apnea, and bimaxillary advancement was effective in normalizing sleep apnea.
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8/11. Arnold Chiari type 1 malformation presenting with sleep disordered breathing in well children.

    Healthy children, aged 3, 9, and 13 years referred with sleep disordered breathing had marked central apnoea and bradypnoea on polysomnography, necessitating the use of non-invasive bilevel ventilation in two cases. Each had normal neurological examinations and an Arnold Chiari type 1 malformation was confirmed on magnetic resonance imaging. All underwent urgent posterior fossa decompression which normalised their sleep breathing.
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9/11. sleep and breathing abnormalities in a case of prader-willi syndrome. The effects of acute continuous positive airway pressure treatment.

    This report describes the polysomnographic findings and the respiratory alterations during sleep in a 20-year-old patient with the prader-willi syndrome. Nocturnal recordings and a variant of the multiple sleep latency test showed excessive daytime sleepiness, sleep onset rapid eye movement episodes, snoring and sleep apnea. Treatment with nasal continuous positive airway pressure normalized the respiratory pattern and the sleep structure, except for rapid eye movement sleep onset. Whereas upper airway obstruction and obesity may explain the respiratory disorders, as shown by their resolution with continuous positive airway pressure treatment, hypothalamic dysfunction could play a role in the disruption of the normal nonrapid eye movement/rapid eye movement sleep periodicity.
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10/11. Abductor vocal fold palsy in the shy-drager syndrome presenting with snoring and sleep apnoea.

    The case of an elderly male with shy-drager syndrome is presented. His presentation to the sleep Clinic for assessment of snoring illustrates bilateral abductor vocal fold palsy as a rare presentation of the syndrome. This case emphasizes the need for thorough investigation of all patients with sleep-related breathing disorders with video and sound recordings prior to anaesthesia and surgery.
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