Cases reported "Soft Tissue Neoplasms"

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1/130. Fine needle aspiration cytology and core biopsy in the diagnosis of alveolar soft part sarcoma presenting with lung metastases. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: Alveolar soft part sarcoma is a rare soft tissue tumor of uncertain origin usually affecting young adults. This neoplasm has early metastatic potential. Its cytologic features, particularly when presenting with metastases, have rarely been described. CASE: A 23-year-old male presented with shortness of breath and scapular pain. Routine chest roentgenograms revealed multiple lung nodules. Malignancy was established by percutaneous fluoroscopically guided fine needle aspiration on a lung nodule. Possible metastatic alveolar soft part sarcoma was suggested by cytology among few considerations in the differential diagnosis. Alveolar soft part sarcoma was confirmed by lung core biopsy and further supported by immunohistochemistry and electron microscopy. Tumor cells expressed muscle-specific actin and myoglobin, and contained diastase-resistant inclusions with periodic acid-Schiff stain. Ultrastructurally, peculiar, elongated intracytoplasmic crystalline bodies typical of this neoplasm were identified. A meticulous clinical search led to finding the primary tumor deeply located in the right posterior thigh. CONCLUSION: Aspiration cytology is a reliable, cost-efficient technique in the diagnostic workup of masses suspicious for malignancy.
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ranking = 1
keywords = alveolar
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2/130. Resolved splenic accumulation of Tc-99m HMDP after recovery of disseminated intravascular coagulation in a patient with rhabdomyosarcoma.

    Unusual, intense splenic radioactivity was seen on bone scintigraphy with Tc-99m HMDP in a 14-year-old boy with alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma complicated by disseminated intravascular coagulation. Abnormal splenic radioactivity was resolved after recovery from the disseminated intravascular coagulation. During treatment of disseminated intravascular coagulation and tumors, the patient received repeated blood transfusions, resulting in iron overload, but this did not prevent the abnormal splenic uptake from resolving. This case indicates that disseminated intravascular coagulation may be a cause of splenic accumulation of bone-seeking agents, and that abnormal splenic uptake can be resolved.
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ranking = 32.496360517635
keywords = rhabdomyosarcoma, alveolar
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3/130. Microtubular aggregates within the rough endoplasmic reticulum of embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma cells: a case report.

    This study presents a case of embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma (ERMS) of the forearm soft tissue in a 12-year-old female, in which microtubular aggregates in rough endoplasmic reticulum (rER) were noted ultrastructurally. Histologically, tumor cells consisted of typical rhabdomyoblastoid cells with abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm and relatively immature, small tumor cells. Ultrastructurally, two different types of tumor cells were also identified by light microscopy. More than half the tumor cells possessed the characteristic features of rhabdomyoblastic differentiation, such as abundant thick and thin filaments with Z-bands. The other tumor cells were less differentiated cells in which microtubular aggregates (MA) in rER were observed. MA in rER have been described in several nonepithelial tumors, including malignant melanoma, osteosarcoma, extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma, and chordoma. ERMS is another example of mesenchymal tumor in which MA in rER are observed by electron microscopy. Considering the differential diagnosis among mesenchymal tumors, it is important to know that MA can be also observed in ERMS.
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ranking = 32.296360517635
keywords = rhabdomyosarcoma
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4/130. Clinical aspects of alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma with translocation t(1;13)(p36;q14) and hypotetraploidy.

    Although most cases of alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) are characterized by the chromosomal translocation t(2;13)(q35;q14), several cases have been reported with a variant t(1;13)(p36;q14). We present the clinical, morphological and cytogenetic features of an alveolar RMS in a 4-year-old boy. Chromosomal analysis revealed a hypertriploid to hypotetraploid karyotype with a t(1;13)(p36;q14) in all tumor cells. It appears that alveolar RMS with t(1;13) occurs in younger children and displays a higher incidence to upper and lower extremity than tumors with t(2;13).
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ranking = 33.696360517635
keywords = rhabdomyosarcoma, alveolar
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5/130. Chromosome rearrangement at 17q25 and xp11.2 in alveolar soft-part sarcoma: A case report and review of the literature.

    BACKGROUND: Despite the characteristic histopathologic appearance of alveolar soft-part sarcoma (ASPS), its histogenesis remains unclear, and cytogenetic analysis of ASPS is limited to eight cases so far because of the extreme rarity of this disease. methods: The authors document a cytogenetic study of a primary case of ASPS in which a modern spectral karyotyping technique was used. RESULTS: A standard cytogenetic analysis of the primary tumor cells with G-banding revealed 46,XY, add(17)(q25) in 23 of 25 metaphases analyzed. This structural rearrangement of chromosome 17, involving band q25, was also present in 5 of 8 ASPS cases in the literature. Moreover, with the spectral karyotyping technique, the additional part of the long arm of chromosome 17 in the current case was found to originate from chromosome X, resulting in a final tumor karyotype of 46, XY, add(17)(q25).ish der(17)t(X;17) (p11.2;q25)(wcpX ). CONCLUSIONS: This case report documents a clonal chromosome abnormality of der(17)t(X;17)(p11.2;q25) in ASPS. The results of the current study indicate that further molecular analyses focused on 17q25 and Xp11.2 are of interest and could help to elucidate the pathogenesis of ASPS.
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ranking = 1
keywords = alveolar
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6/130. Congenital rhabdomyosarcoma.

    A congenital rhabdomyosarcoma presented as a partially necrotic mass on the left forearm on delivery at term. Ulceration and persistent bleeding were managed by primary curettage followed by local resection including partial excision of the muscles of the extensor compartment of the forearm. The defect was resurfaced with a split skin graft. The surgery was followed by chemotherapy according to the IVA regime. There was no recurrence at 2 years of age and the limb was fully functional. The presentation and management of rhabdomyosarcoma are discussed.
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ranking = 38.755632621162
keywords = rhabdomyosarcoma
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7/130. Blueberry muffin rash as a presentation of alveolar cell rhabdomyosarcoma in a neonate.

    Soft tissue sarcomas of childhood continue to present problems with pathologic diagnosis, staging and treatment. rhabdomyosarcoma, the most common soft tissue sarcoma, represents 4-8% of all malignant solid tumours in children. We report a case of congenital alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma who presented with "blueberry muffin"-like rash. A full-term female infant was noted at birth to have multiple skin lesions resembling blueberry muffin rash and an abdominal mass in the left iliac fossa, which appeared to be fixed to the posterior abdominal wall. There was no enlargement of liver and spleen, but her para-aortic lymph nodes were enlarged. biopsy from the mass confirmed the diagnosis of alveolar cell rhabdomyosarcoma. Molecular investigation for the t (2:13) translocation was negative. The infant received chemotherapy but died within 1 mo of diagnosis.
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ranking = 39.955632621162
keywords = rhabdomyosarcoma, alveolar
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8/130. Sclerosing, pseudovascular rhabdomyosarcoma in adults. Clinicopathological and immunohistochemical analysis of three cases.

    rhabdomyosarcoma in adults represents a rare soft tissue neoplasm which is seen most frequently in its pleomorphic subtype in this age group. Very rarely, clear cell and spindle-cell variants have been reported. In this study we describe three cases of rhabdomyosarcoma in adult patients, characterised by prominent hyaline sclerosis and a pseudovascular growth pattern. All cases were identified in the consultation files of one of the authors and routinely processed. Immunohistochemical studies were performed on paraffin sections with the alkaline phosphatase-antialkaline phosphatase method. The patients, two women and one man, were 40, 41, and 56 years old. One developed a deep-seated soft tissue mass in the left lower leg, and one, a tumour of the left upper jaw. In one patient a bone tumour in the proximal body of the sacrum without extension into soft tissues was seen. The patients were treated by wide excision, piecemeal excision and incomplete excision in one case each; additional radiotherapy was performed in all three cases, and chemotherapy in two patients. In one patient multiple pulmonary metastases were noted, which showed progression despite systemic chemotherapy. Histologically, the neoplasms were composed of round/polygonal and spindle-shaped tumour cells including typical rhabdomyoblasts. In all cases a pseudovascular pattern and prominent hyaline sclerosis of the intercellular matrix was seen. Immunohistochemically, tumour cells stained positively for desmin and muscle actin (HHF35) and also for markers of striated muscle differentiation (myogenin, MyoD1, fast myosin). In this paper an unusual morphological variant of rhabdomyosarcoma arising in adult patients is described, which should be added to the morphological spectrum of these neoplasms.
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ranking = 38.755632621162
keywords = rhabdomyosarcoma
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9/130. Synovial sarcomas of three children in the first decade: clinicopathological and molecular findings.

    Synovial sarcoma in children below the age of 10 years is rare. We report on three cases of synovial sarcoma which were diagnosed in three children aged 3, 8 and 8 years, respectively. These tumors were located in the hip of the 8-year-old, the foot of the 3-year-old, and the elbow of the other 8-year-old. Histologically, one tumor was a biphasic synovial sarcoma, and the other two, which had been initially diagnosed as infantile fibrosarcoma, were of the monophasic fibrous type. In the three cases, a reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) using ribonucleic acid extracted from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues detected SYT-SSX1 fusion gene transcripts resulting from translocation t(X;18)(p11.2;q11.2), which is specific for synovial sarcoma. ETV6-NTRK3 fusion gene transcripts that result from t(12;15)(p13;q25), which is characteristic of congenital/infantile fibrosarcoma, were not demonstrated. In conclusion, other pediatric soft tissue sarcomas, such as congenital/infantile fibrosarcoma, spindle cell rhabdomyosarcoma, leiomyosarcoma and malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor, should be distinguished from synovial sarcoma in children, especially the monophasic fibrous type. RT-PCR analysis is a useful approach to the final diagnosis of synovial sarcoma arising at such an early age.
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ranking = 6.4592721035271
keywords = rhabdomyosarcoma
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10/130. Calcifying aponeurotic fibroma features seen on fine-needle aspiration biopsy: case report and brief review of the literature.

    Calcifying aponeurotic fibroma is a rare benign soft tissue proliferation, which occurs in the distal extremities in children. We describe a case of calcifying aponeurotic fibroma of the hand in a 9 year-old male diagnosed by FNA. Clinically and radiographically this mass was felt to be suspicious for sarcoma, likely alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma. Cytologic examination revealed benign appearing spindled cells, chondroid cells, multinucleated giant cells and calcific debris. These features recapitulate the classic histologic features of calcifying aponeurotic fibroma. Conservative excision was performed and histologic exam confirmed the diagnosis. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first description of the cytologic features of this entity.
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ranking = 6.6592721035271
keywords = rhabdomyosarcoma, alveolar
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