Cases reported "Spasm"

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1/3. Spinal lordosis with marked opisthotonus secondary to dystonia musculorum deformans: case report with surgical management.

    STUDY DESIGN: A case report of severe spinal lordosis with marked opisthotonus and retrocollis secondary to dystonia musculorum deformans is presented. OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of dystonia musculorum deformans with progressive spinal lordosis and its surgical treatment. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Four patients with correction of coronal spinal deformity associated with dystonia musculorum deformans have been reported in the literature. No reports of sagittal spinal deformity treated with surgical instrumentation and fusion were found. methods: A retrospective chart and radiographic review of a single case was conducted. RESULTS: Orthotic management and pharmacologic therapy with botulinum toxin injections were unsuccessful in controlling the deformity. Severe spinal lordosis (170 degrees ) from occiput to sacrum was corrected surgically, allowing an upright posture. CONCLUSION: dystonia musculorum deformans is a rare condition resulting in coronal or sagittal plane deformities. When other treatment methods are unsuccessful, surgical instrumentation and arthrodesis may correct the deformity and improve function.
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ranking = 1
keywords = deformans
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2/3. Familial spasmodic torticollis.

    Presented are four cases of familial spasmodic torticollis, comprising members of three families. The age of onset tended to be family-specific, and no afflicted family member had evidence of more widespread disease (dystonia musculorum deformans). Familial incidence supports the conclusion that spasmodic torticollis is organic in origin. Familial spasmodic torticollis occurs more often than has been generally recognized.
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ranking = 0.125
keywords = deformans
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3/3. hemifacial spasm and osteitis deformans.

    PURPOSE/methods: A patient with osteitis deformans (Paget's disease) and hemifacial spasm underwent magnetic resonance tomographic angiography. Bone-modulating bisphosphonates and botulinum injection were administered to treat the hemifacial spasm. RESULTS/CONCLUSIONS: Computed tomography showed marked temporal bone overgrowth. Magnetic resonance tomographic angiography showed no vascular compression of the facial nerve root. The hemifacial spasm failed to resolve with intravenous pamidronate. Subsequent botulinum injection rendered the patient spasm free for 22 weeks. Further research on the use of bisphosphonates in the treatment of pagetoid hemifacial spasm is required.
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ranking = 0.625
keywords = deformans
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