Cases reported "Spinal Cord Neoplasms"

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11/206. Oncocytoma in melanocytoma of the spinal cord: case report.

    OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Oncocytoma in the central nervous system is extremely unusual. The first reported example of oncocytoma in a melanocytoma of the spinal cord was successfully excised, and its pathological appearance is described. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 71-year-old woman presented with a 25-year history of back pain and myelographic evidence of a lumbar spinal cord mass. After declining surgical treatment for two decades, she elected eventually to have the mass excised. Preoperative magnetic resonance imaging revealed a large intraspinal mass that spanned spinal levels L3 through S1. TECHNIQUE: The mass was excised en bloc through posterior laminectomies, and histopathological analysis revealed a benign neoplasm composed predominantly of monotonous sheets of plump oncocytes. Electron microscopy confirmed that the cytoplasm of the oncocytes was packed full of mitochondria. Focal areas of the tumor contained spindle cells, with abundant intracytoplasmic granular deposits of brown melanin pigment that contained melanosomes. Positive Fontana-Masson, HMB-45, and S-100 staining confirmed the final diagnosis of melanocytoma, oncocytic variant. CONCLUSION: The first reported case of oncocytoma arising in spinal melanocytoma is described. After surgical excision, the patient recovered completely and has remained free of symptoms for 4 years.
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12/206. rupture of spinal dermoid tumors with spread of fatty droplets in the cerebrospinal fluid pathways.

    Cranial and spinal MRI was carried out at 0.5 or 1.5 T in five patients with spinal dermoid tumours. Free fatty material was appreciated within the normally communicating cerebrospinal fluid pathways in all five cases and in one case fat droplets were also observed within a dilated central canal of the spinal cord. While dissemination of lipid within the subarachnoid space and ventricles is easily understandable, the presence of lipid droplets within the central canal is more difficult to explain, since the central canal is only potential in the adult. When a dermoid tumor is suspected, we recommend MRI of the entire central nervous system, to detect possible leakage of fat from rupture of a cystic portion of the tumour.
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13/206. Giant intramedullary teratoma in an infant.

    Teratomas are uncommon tumors of the nervous system, the commonest site being the pineal region. Spinal teratomas are very rare apart from the sacrococcygeal variety. The authors report the occurrence of an intramedullary teratoma in an infant. The clinical features, imaging studies and the pathology are discussed. In addition the literature is also reviewed.
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14/206. Localized pruritus: a presenting symptom of a spinal cord tumor in a child with features of neurofibromatosis.

    central nervous system (CNS) and spinal cord tumors are not uncommon in patients with neurofibromatosis (NF); however, it is impossible to select patients with NF who are at a particularly high risk. Localized pruritus may be a clue to the presence of a spinal cord or CNS tumor. This is the first report of an infant with features of NF, whose presenting symptom of a spinal cord tumor was localized symmetrical dermatomal itch. Moreover, we review the literature of localized pruritus in CNS and spinal cord tumors and peripheral nervous system conditions.
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15/206. Intraspinal clear cell meningioma: diagnosis and management: report of two cases.

    OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Intraspinal clear cell meningioma is a rare morphological variant of meningioma. Only 13 case reports are found in the literature; therefore, no management strategy has been defined for this tumor type. This article describes two patients, reviews the literature, and proposes a treatment plan for clear cell meningioma. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: Two female patients, 22 months and 8 years of age, respectively, presented with localized neck and leg pain that limited their ability to walk. magnetic resonance imaging revealed intradural tumors, a cervical intramedullary neoplasm in the younger patient, and a cauda equina tumor in the older child. INTERVENTION: Both patients underwent radical resection of their intradural tumor. Both tumors, however, recurred shortly (5 and 6 mo) after the initial operation. During the second operation, a radical removal was performed on each patient. Both patients received adjuvant radiotherapy. In addition, the younger patient developed posterior fossa metastasis 20 months after intraspinal surgery. CONCLUSION: Intraspinal clear cell meningiomas are very uncommon tumors. The clinical course in our two patients supports the reported 40% recurrence rate within 15 months. These tumors also can disseminate within the central nervous system. We recommend serial imaging studies every 3 months. For recurrent tumors, we recommend localized radiation therapy after reoperation.
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16/206. Intramedullary spinal cord metastasis as a first manifestation of a renal cell carcinoma: report of a case and review of the literature.

    The authors report the case of a 70-year-old woman who developed a Brown-Sequard-syndrome within 6 weeks caused by an intramedullary spinal cord metastasis of an occult renal cell carcinoma. Intramedullary metastases are rare and represent only 4-8.5% of central nervous system metastases. An important feature of intramedullary metastases is the rapid progression of neurological deficits which necessitates rapid treatment. There are only eight earlier reports of intramedullary metastasis due to renal cell carcinoma (Schiff D, O'Neill BP. Intramedullary spinal cord metastases: clinical features and treatment outcome. neurology 1996;47:906-12; Belz P. Ein Fall von intramedullaerer Grawitz-Metastase im Lumbalmark. Frankfurt Z Pathol 1912;10:431-44; Gaylor JB, Howie JW. Brown-Sequard-syndrome. A case of unusual aetiology. J Neurol Neurosurg psychiatry 1938;1:301-5; Kawakami Y, Mair WGP. Haematomyelia due to secondary renal carcinoma. Acta Neuro Pathol 1973;26:85-92; Strang RR. Metastatic tumor of the cervical spinal cord. Med J Aust 1962;1:205-6; Von Pfungen. Uber einige Falle von Haematomyelie nichttraumatischen Ursprungs. Wien Klin Rdsch 1906;20:44-50; Weitzner S. Coexistent intramedullary metastasis and syringomyelia of cervical spinal cord. Report of a case. neurology 1960;674-8). To the best of our knowledge this is the first report on a patient in whom symptoms from the metastasis of a renal cell carcinoma preceded the detection of the primary tumor. This report presents the clinical, neuroradiological and histopathological findings of an intramedullary metastasis of a renal cell carcinoma and provides an overview of the literature on intramedullary spinal cord metastases.
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17/206. Intramedullary spinal cord metastases (ISCM) and non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC): clinical patterns, diagnosis and therapeutic considerations.

    Intramedullary spinal cord metastasis (ISCM) is an unusual occurrence in systemic cancer, occurring in as few as 2% of autopsy cases and also represents 8.5% of all cases of central nervous system metastases. Although ISCM from small cell lung carcinoma is well documented, ISCM from non-small cell lung carcinoma of the lung is rarely diagnosed prior to the patients' demise and very little data regarding outcomes exists in such patients. We present the results of our observational case series to better delineate the presentation and clinical course of this uncommon entity which shows that ISCM may present atypically and should be considered in any patient with a previous history of bronchogenic carcinoma and neurologic symptoms.
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18/206. Spinal tanycytic ependymomas.

    Three cases of spinal tanycytic ependymoma are reported, a man aged 45 years and two women aged 36 and 55 years. Each patient developed gradual paraparesis over a few months prior to admission. magnetic resonance imaging showed an enhancing, well-circumscribed tumor in the spinal cord in each case. Histologically, the tumors consisted of monotonous proliferation of long spindle cells with markedly eosinophilic cell processes; focally forming perivascular pseudorosettes. The tumor cells were strongly immunopositive for glial fibrillary acidic protein, S-100 protein and vimentin. Ultrastructurally, in addition to massive intermediate filaments, many tumor cells showed abundant microtubules. Well-developed desmosomes and microvilli/cilia-lined microlumina were occasionally observed. The tumors were grossly totally removed and the patients remain recurrence free at 9, 9, and 2 years postoperatively. Reviewing reported cases including our three cases, tanycytic ependymoma may occur frequently in spinal cord, especially in the cervical region of the spinal cord. Since histologically it resembles pilocytic astrocytoma and schwannoma, tanycytic ependymoma should be included in the differential diagnosis of benign spindle cell tumors of the central nervous system.
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19/206. Extradural spinal cavernous haemangioma: case report and review of the literature.

    Cavernous haemangiomas (cavernomas) are uncommon vascular malformations of the central nervous system (CNS). They occur in both sporadic and familial forms and may involve any site in the CNS. Spinal cavernomas are less common than intracerebral lesion s, and examples in the spinal epidural space are rare. A case of a solitary sporadic spinal extradural cavernoma in a 41 year old male which presented as progressive lower limb numbness and weakness is reported. The literature regarding spinal cavernomas is reviewed and the symptomatology, diagnostic evaluation, pathology, management and prognosis of these lesions are discussed.
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20/206. Intraoperative diagnosis of tanycytic ependymoma: pitfalls and differential diagnosis.

    Smear preparations have become increasingly popular in the intraoperative assessment of central nervous system pathology. The cytological features of a histologically proven tanycytic ependymoma are presented with the pitfalls and differential diagnosis. The smear preparation showed a glial neoplasm composed of cells with long, bipolar glial processes and oval to spindle-shaped nuclei resembling those seen in pilocytic astrocytoma smears. The smear characteristics of an ependymoma usually show remarkably uniform round-to-oval nuclei, fluffy glial processes, and a perivascular nuclear-free zone (pseudorosetting). None of these features were present in our case. The accompanying frozen section showed a fascicular spindle-cell tumor that resembled a schwanomma, a commonly reported misinterpretation of the histology of tanycytic ependymomas on frozen sections. Careful attention to the radiological findings, the surgeon's impression, and the intraoperative smear preparation details should allow one to include this uncommon entity in the differential diagnosis of spinal neoplasms.
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