Cases reported "Spinal Injuries"

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1/152. erectile dysfunction caused by sacral gun-shot injury.

    A 22-year-old man suffering from isolated erectile dysfunction associated with damage to the right spinal nerve S2 caused by sacral gun-shot injury. He has no loss of bladder innervation. Treatment has been implantation of a penile prosthesis.
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ranking = 1
keywords = injury, nerve
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2/152. Use of breath-activated Patient Controlled analgesia for acute pain management in a patient with quadriplegia.

    We report the use of breath-activated Patient Controlled analgesia (PCA) for the provision of analgesia in a quadriplegic patient with traumatic neck injury. This provided good pain relief, decreased opioid complications, improved perceptions of self-control, smoothed recovery and enhanced patient, family as well as staff satisfaction. The setup and principles of its use in a patient with high anxiety and unable to use conventionally activated PCA are illustrated.
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ranking = 0.19998996194907
keywords = injury
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3/152. Detection of vertebral artery injury after cervical spine trauma using magnetic resonance angiography.

    BACKGROUND: We prospectively describe the incidence, magnetic resonance-based diagnosis, and treatment of vertebral artery (VA) injury resulting from closed cervical spine trauma. methods: patients with fracture or dislocation on plain radiographic studies underwent computed tomography. Among these patients, the subset with computed tomographic evidence of foramen transversarium (FT) fracture underwent magnetic resonance angiography as early as possible. RESULTS: During a 16-month period, 38 patients with closed cervical trauma were treated. Twelve patients demonstrated fracture extension through at least one FT by computed tomography. Among these patients, four showed unilateral VA injury by magnetic resonance angiography, all ipsilateral to the fractured FT. Three cases of VA occlusion and one of focal narrowing were demonstrated. All four patients were initially treated with aspirin, and two were systemically anticoagulated. None developed irreversible neurologic deficits from the VA compromise. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that the incidence of VA injury in closed cervical spine trauma is significant and that FT fractures warrant flow-sensitive magnetic resonance imaging.
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ranking = 1.3999297336435
keywords = injury
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4/152. Wandering intraspinal bullet.

    A case of gun shot injury to the spine, with the bullet entering the thecal sac via the right side of the lower chest and wandering freely in the subarachnoid space, is reported. The patient was neurologically intact initially and developed radicular symptoms with foot drop and urinary retention on the third day after injury. The radiological findings and the problems faced at surgery are discussed, and the relevant literature of this uncommon condition is reviewed.
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ranking = 0.39997992389814
keywords = injury
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5/152. Bilateral vocal cord paralysis after anterior cervical discoidectomy and fusion in a case of whiplash cervical spine injury: a case report.

    BACKGROUND: Bilateral vocal cord paralysis is a risk of anterior cervical discoidectomy and fusion. We discuss the mechanism of vocal cord paralysis and the precautions necessary to avoid this catastrophic complication. A rare case of bilateral vocal cord paralysis after anterior cervical discoidectomy and fusion (ACD/F) is reported. CASE DESCRIPTION: The patient, a 37-year-old male, was paraplegic, had bilateral intrinsic hand muscle weakness and sphincter involvement following a whiplash cervical spinal injury. A C5-C6 ACD/F for traumatic C5-C6 disc prolapse was performed. On the third postoperative day, he developed difficulty in coughing and a husky voice. Otolaryngological evaluation revealed bilateral vocal cord paralysis. He later required a tracheostomy that partially alleviated his major symptoms. CONCLUSION: In patients undergoing ACD/F, a mandatory preoperative evaluation of the vocal cords should be performed. An appropriate modification in surgical planning should be made if vocal cord palsy is diagnosed preoperatively to prevent bilateral vocal cord paralysis. Proper and judicious use of Cloward retractors is advocated.
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ranking = 0.99994980974535
keywords = injury
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6/152. Cervical spine injuries in the athlete.

    Special considerations must be brought into play when the physician is consulted about when to allow an athlete to return to play following injury. This is especially true for brain and spinal cord injury. Although it is generally best to be on the conservative side, being too reticent about allowing any athlete to return may be very detrimental to the athlete and/or the entire team. Therefore, it behooves the sports physician to be circumspect with regard to not only the type of injury the athlete has suffered but also the nature, duration, and the repetitive aspects of the trauma along with the inherent strengths of any player. This article will provide the sports physician with criteria for making sound decisions regarding return to competition after cervical spine injury and "functional" cervical spinal stenosis.
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ranking = 0.79995984779628
keywords = injury
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7/152. Injuries sustained by aircrew on ejecting from their aircraft.

    This paper describes some of the injuries sustained by the aircrew who ejected from their aircraft after a mid-air collision, and discusses the types of injury that such patients may suffer.
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ranking = 0.19998996194907
keywords = injury
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8/152. Anterior cervical subluxation: an unstable position.

    The radiologic signs of cervical anterior subluxation are subtle. Even when recognized, the injury may not be considered significant. However, anterior subluxation is the most unstable cervical spinal injury. The two case histories illustrate instability of the cervical spine in this type of injury. The radiologically diagnostic features on the lateral radiograph are described and the recognition of instability on mobility studies is discussed.
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ranking = 0.59996988584721
keywords = injury
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9/152. Traumatic intratumoral hemorrhage as the presenting symptom of a spinal neurinoma. Case report.

    Intratumoral hemorrhage as the presenting symptom of spinal tumors is rare. The authors describe a patient who presented with rapidly progressing paraplegia 24 hours after sustaining a minor traumatic injury of the thoracic spine. Radiological evaluation demonstrated a low-thoracic intradural tumor that was resected and found to be a neurinoma in which severe intra- and peritumoral hemorrhage was revealed. The radiological, surgical, and pathological findings are presented and discussed.
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ranking = 0.19998996194907
keywords = injury
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10/152. Occult ligamentous injury of the cervical spine.

    Evaluating the cervical spine for injury is an essential part of the assessment of a traumatized patient. Clinical examination and radiographs are the traditional techniques used for this evaluation. Often, however, a reliable clinical examination is not possible because of head injury, altered mental status, or "distracting" injuries. In such cases, cervical spine injury that is not apparent on radiographs may be missed. This case report illustrates a purely ligamentous cervical spine injury resulting in cervical instability. We describe our method of screening for and evaluating these types of injuries using physician-controlled stretch, flexion, and extension examination under fluoroscopy.
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ranking = 1.5999196955926
keywords = injury
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