Cases reported "Splenic Rupture"

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1/376. splenic rupture as a complication of P. falciparum malaria after residence in the tropics. Report of two cases.

    splenic rupture is an uncommon complication of malaria, which requires urgent medical investigation, close follow-up and adequate treatment. Until present, this complication was reported more often in P. vivax infections than in infections with other species. Rupture can happen spontaneously or as a result of trauma, which may be minor and unnoticed. The diagnosis is made by physical examination, ultrasound and CT-scan. Especially in malaria endemic areas the management of splenic rupture in malaria should be focused on splenic preservation. We describe two cases of splenic rupture during a P. falciparum infection, both requiring finally splenectomy.
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2/376. splenic rupture in a patient with acute myeloid leukemia undergoing peripheral blood stem cell transplantation.

    splenic rupture is a rare but well-recognized complication of hematological malignancies. Here, we present the case of a 22-year-old woman with the diagnosis of acute myeloid leukemia who was undergoing peripheral blood stem cell transplantation. On day 10 she developed a hypovolemic shock due to rupture of her spleen and went to emergency laparotomy. This is the first report of splenic rupture during peripheral blood stem cell transplantation.
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3/376. Spontaneous rupture of the spleen.

    A 10 year old boy presented to the surgical service of the Queen Elizabeth Hospital with spontaneous rupture of the spleen and was later discovered to have chronic myeloid leukaemia. He has been in haematological remission for five years followed splenectomy and alpha-interferon therapy.
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4/376. Spontaneous rupture of the spleen in infectious mononucleosis.

    Two cases of spontaneous rupture of the spleen as a complication of infectious mononucleosis are reported. The literature is briefly reviewed and emphasis placed on the need for awareness of this rare complication.
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5/376. Spontaneous rupture of splenic hamartoma: a case report.

    Splenic hamartomas are rare. The authors report a case of spontaneously ruptured splenic hamartoma in a 5-month-old boy. This rupture led to the death of the child. If abdominal pain is present and a mass is palpated, the splenic hamartoma should be managed surgically in an expeditious manner. There have been only two known previous reports of spontaneous rupture of splenic hamartoma in adults, but none in children.
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6/376. Pathologic-spontaneous-rupture of the spleen as a presenting sign of splenic T-cell lymphoma--case report with review.

    A 39 year-old man presented for surgery with epigastric pain, tachycardia, hypotension and a progressive decrease of hemoglobin due to blood loss. Immediate abdominal ultrasonography followed by prompt paracentesis revealed massive intraperitoneal hemorrhage. During emergency laparotomy, a linear, actively bleeding rupture of an enlarged spleen was found and splenectomy was performed. The patient survived and the post-operative course was uneventful. Histopathology of the spleen as well as bone marrow biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of T-Cell lymphoma. Chemotherapy was initiated 3 weeks after surgery. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of previously undiagnosed T-Cell lymphoma presenting as pathologic rupture of the spleen.
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7/376. Blastic mantle cell leukemia: a previously undescribed form.

    The leukemic phase of mantle cell lymphoma (mantle cell leukemia) is defined as an absolute lymphocyte count of greater than 4,000/microliter and characterized by the presence of relatively small, slightly irregular lymphocytes in the peripheral blood. Although a variant of mantle cell lymphoma with blastic morphsology exists and has been previously well described, a blastic morphologic variant of mantle cell leukemia has not been described. We report such a case in a 74-year-old male who presented with splenic rupture and an elevated white blood cell (WBC) count. The diagnosis was based on flow cytometric immunophenotyping and the cytomorphology of the peripheral blood.
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8/376. Delayed presentation of splenic rupture after colonoscopy.

    splenic rupture is a rare but potentially deadly complication of colonoscopy. We present the case of a 70-year-old male who presented with abdominal pain, initially stable, almost 2 days after colonoscopy. The patient's clinical status deteriorated shortly after abdominal CT scan identified splenic rupture.
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9/376. Rupture of the spleen associated with enterobacter cloacae.

    A 58-year-old male, with abdominal pain but no signs of sepsis, was admitted as a medical emergency. During hospitalization, spontaneous splenic rupture was diagnosed and splenectomy successfully performed. A smear revealed presence of enterobacter cloacae on the splenic surface; histopathology demonstrated granulocytous infiltration of the spleen.
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10/376. spleen localization of light chain deposition disease associated with sea blue histiocytosis, revealed by spontaneous rupture.

    Splenic involvement by a light chain deposition disease (LCDD) associated with sea-blue histiocytosis occurred in a 55-year-old man presenting with LCDD of the kidney without myeloma. Lambda light chain deposits were demonstrated by immunohistochemistry in vessel walls and along the ring fibres of the red pulp sinuses. Accumulation of sea blue histiocytes in the cords was also present. Stiffness of the walls of the red pulp sinuses resulting from light chain deposits may have induced accumulation and destruction of circulating blood cells. Lipid catabolism with production of ceroids may have resulted in lipidic histiocytosis with a sea blue histiocyte pattern.
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