Cases reported "Staphylococcal Infections"

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1/730. Pubic pain in athletes: a case due to an abscess in the obturator muscle.

    Pubic pain is a common symptom in soccer players. Its cause can be difficult to determine. We report a case in a 19-year-old soccer player who had an abscess in the obturator internus muscle. We are aware of only one similar report in the literature. Painful limitation of internal rotation of the hip and evidence of infection suggested the diagnosis, which was confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging. In a soccer player, a fever and groin pain do not always indicate osteitis pubis. Limitation of internal rotation of the hip should suggest a lesion in the obturator internus muscle.
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ranking = 1
keywords = abscess
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2/730. Hyperimmunoglobulin E-recurrent infection syndrome in a patient with juvenile dermatomyositis.

    A 13-year-old girl presented with multiple skin abscesses. She was diagnosed as having juvenile dermatomyositis (DM) at the age of 7 years. She had suffered from recurrent skin infections, atypical pruritic dermatitis and pneumonia since the age of 8 years. Bacteriologic and fungal cultures for skin abscesses and oral mucosa were positive S. aureus and C. albicans, respectively. Chemotactic defect in peripheral blood neutrophils was observed. The level of serum IgE was markedly elevated, and anti-S.aureus specific IgE was found. A diagnosis of hyperimmunoglobulin E-recurrent infection syndrome (HIE) was made and she was successfully treated with surgical drainage and antibiotics. To our knowledge, this is the first case report of HIE in a patient with juvenile dermatomyositis.
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ranking = 0.4
keywords = abscess
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3/730. Toxic shock syndrome secondary to a dental abscess.

    A 9-year-old girl presented with arthralgia and myalgia which progressed to developing renal failure and overwhelming septic shock. The underlying cause was assumed to be a periodontal abscess from an upper right deciduous canine tooth. The pus from the abscess grew a toxic shock syndrome toxin 1-producing Staphylococcus aureus. This case illustrates the importance of an oral surgical review of patients presenting with features of toxic shock syndrome if the source of the infection is not immediately obvious.
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ranking = 1.2
keywords = abscess
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4/730. Delayed recurrence of cerebellar abscess 20 years after excision of dermoid cyst and sinus.

    A patient is described who suffered a greatly delayed reappearance of a cerebellar abscess, 20 years after excision, in childhood, of a midline dermoid cyst with associated abscess formation. A similar organism was cultured on both occasions.
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ranking = 1.2
keywords = abscess
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5/730. Spinal epidural abscess associated with epidural catheterization: report of a case and a review of the literature.

    We describe a 53-year-old man who developed a catheter-related epidural abscess 8 days after left upper lobectomy for lung cancer. methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) was detected in a culture of the epidural pus. magnetic resonance imaging was essential for the diagnosis of epidural abscess and for determining the extent of spread. The patient was treated by laminectomy and administration of appropriate antibiotics, with almost complete recovery, except for urinary retention. A literature search yielded 29 additional cases of catheter-related epidural abscess. The median duration of catheterization was 4 days and the median time to onset of the clinical symptoms after catheter placement was 8 days. Eleven of the 30 patients had some underlying disorders, including malignancy or herpes zoster, or were receiving steroids. Nine of the 10 patients with thoracic epidural abscess had persistent neurological deficits, whereas 12 of the 15 patients with lumbar epidural abscess showed a full recovery after treatment. Surgical decompression was not required in six patients without significant neurological deficits, who recovered following antibiotic treatment (four patients) or percutaneous drainage (two patients). Thoracic catheters are associated with a disproportionately high incidence of epidural abscess and persistent neurological sequelae following treatment.
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ranking = 2
keywords = abscess
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6/730. Late infection of hydroxyapatite orbital implants.

    BACKGROUND: Exposure and minor complications of hydroxyapatite orbital implants are common. infection appears to be rare and fibrovascular ingrowth into hydroxyapatite implants may make infection and extrusion less likely than with other types of orbital implant. methods: We describe three cases of chronic low-grade infection of hydroxyapatite implants, occurring late after apparently uncomplicated surgery, with tiny or inapparent areas of conjunctival loss or exposure. RESULTS: Two of the three cases grew Staphylococcus oureus on culture. All three implants ultimately needed to be removed. A characteristic histological pattern was seen, with abrupt transition between vascularized and abscessed implant. CONCLUSIONS: Chronic infection of hydroxyapatite implants can occur late, in the absence of large conjunctival defects, or other obvious risk factors.While exposure of the implant to pathogens through a breach in the conjunctiva may have been a factor, it appeared that the infection may have arisen in an avascular portion of the implant prior to the conjunctival breakdown in one or more of these cases.
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ranking = 0.2
keywords = abscess
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7/730. Lacrimal gland abscess: two case reports.

    BACKGROUND: Bacterial dacryoadenitis is rare and suppuration leading to abscess formation within the lacrimal gland has been very rarely reported in the antibiotic era. methods: The medical records and investigation results, including computed tomography (CT), of two patients with lacrimal gland abscess were reviewed. RESULTS: Two cases of lacrimal gland abscess, one a 28-year-old male and the other a 64-year-old female, are described. Both demonstrated a characteristic low-density area within an enlarged lacrimal gland on CT. The first case had been treated with antibiotics and the abscess, when drained, was sterile. The second case settled spontaneously. Neither patient suffered any sequelae of dry eye. CONCLUSIONS: Although rare, lacrimal gland abscess may still occur and may require surgical drainage if spontaneous resolution does not occur.
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ranking = 1.8
keywords = abscess
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8/730. Paraspinal abscess following facet joint injection.

    Injection to the zygapophysial joint is a procedure which is performed frequently for diagnostic or therapeutic reasons in the management of back pain. It is generally considered to be free of significant complications. We report a patient who developed a paraspinal abscess following a lumbar facet joint injection.
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ranking = 1
keywords = abscess
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9/730. The Freestyle stentless bioprosthesis for prosthetic valve endocarditis.

    We report a case of methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus-induced prosthetic valve endocarditis, which was successfully treated with aortic valve replacement using the Freestyle stentless bioprosthesis. The total root and stentless design of this bioprosthesis allows for more radical removal of infected tissue and easier treatment for annular abscess, while requiring less prosthetic materials than a conventional prosthesis. This bioprosthesis thus seems to be a valuable option for active endocarditis.
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ranking = 0.2
keywords = abscess
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10/730. Multiple intestinal ulcerations and perforations secondary to methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus enteritis in infants.

    PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to define a distinctive clinical entity of multiple intestinal ulcerations and perforations in infants. methods: Two infants underwent abdominal exploration for surgical abdomen and were noted to have multiple intestinal ulcerations and perforations. A peculiar and unique surgical finding, numerous transverse linear ulcerations scattered along the entire small intestine, prompted us to search for similar instances. Five similar cases were additionally identified by members of the Korean association of Pediatric Surgeons. The clinical courses, the surgical findings, and the results of bacterial cultures were reviewed. As well, the tissues of resected intestines were examined histopathologically. RESULTS: The characteristics of this entity are as follows. (1) It usually occurs in infants who have been treated with broad-spectrum antibiotics. (2) Despite broad-spectrum antibiotic treatment, diarrhea and abdominal distension developed progressively and deteriorated. (3) Histological evaluation showed mucosal ulcers with neutrophil infiltration, submucosal microabscesses, and colonies of gram-positive cocci. (4) methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) was the predominant organism cultured from the body fluid. (5) Only two cases, the completely resected one and the one immediately treated postoperatively with vancomycin, survived. CONCLUSIONS: This entity is caused by multiple intestinal ulcerations and perforations secondary to MRSA enteritis in infants. It has a high mortality rate because of its difficult diagnosis. However, early recognition of this entity can lead to successful treatment.
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ranking = 0.2
keywords = abscess
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