Cases reported "Staphylococcal Infections"

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21/730. Orbital abscess due to acute ethmoiditis in a neonate.

    Orbital complications due to ethmoiditis are not uncommon in children. However, they are very rare in infants. A case of orbital abscess due to acute ethmoiditis in a 10 days old boy is reported. Causative microorganisms isolated from the operated specimen were staphylococcus aureus and aspergillosis. Successful outcome was achieved following antimicrobial therapy, external ethmoidectomy, and surgical drainage of the abscess. The aetiopathogenesis and management of this clinical entity is discussed, with a brief review of the literature.
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ranking = 1
keywords = abscess
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22/730. Pericardial abscess--a rare complication of sepsis.

    Pericardial abscess is a very rare complication of sepsis. Authors describe the case of a 69-year-old woman. In her case staphylococcus sepsis led to pericardial abscess. During the course positive blood cultures (3x) indicated the sepsis and pus was obtained from the left pleural cavity (pleuropneumonia). Concomitant purulent process in the left shoulder also was noted. Decline immunity due to long-standing corticoid therapy (prednisone) for proctocolitis idiopathica was observed. Following antibiotic treatment successful surgical evacuation of the pericardial abscess was performed.
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ranking = 1.1666666666667
keywords = abscess
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23/730. Primary iliac muscle abscess due to staphylococcus aureus.

    A 55-year-old man presented with a 3-day history of lower back pain and right thigh pain. A diagnosis of discogenic pain had been made at two other hospitals. He had been admitted to a medical center for acute hepatitis 5 months prior to this admission. Large doses of parenteral hydrocortisone were used for 13 days to treat acute hepatitis. At the present admission, he was unable to stand and refused to move his right leg. There was mild tenderness in the right lower abdomen on deep palpation. Passive flexion and rotation of the right hip produced mild pain, while passive extension of the right hip produced severe pain and resistance. The Patrick test was positive and the psoas sign was present on the right side. The erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) was 66/hr. The c-reactive protein (CRP) level was 0.161 g/L. Abdominal sonography showed a lobulated mass in the right iliac fossa. magnetic resonance imaging showed severe swelling of the right iliac muscle with a central heterogeneous mass. debridement, drainage of the abscess, and application of a septopal chain were performed via an anterior retroperitoneal approach, and parenteral cephazolin and gentamicin were administered. A culture of the abscess grew staphylococcus aureus. The ESR and CRP concentrations decreased to within the normal ranges 3 weeks later. awareness of this disease entity, careful physical examination, and appropriate imaging studies such as ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging are key to making a correct diagnosis.
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ranking = 1
keywords = abscess
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24/730. Pelvic abscess in the second half of pregnancy after oocyte retrieval for in-vitro fertilization: case report.

    We describe a very late manifestation of pelvic abscesses after oocyte retrieval for in-vitro fertilization (IVF). In a twin pregnancy achieved after intracytoplasmic sperm injection, rupture of bilateral ovarian abscesses occurred at the end of the second trimester. An emergency laparotomy was necessary because of an acute abdomen. This complication led to severe maternal and neonatal morbidity, preterm birth and neonatal death. The rare occurrence of acute abdomen in pregnancy due to pelvic infection and the non-specific symptoms of a pelvic abscess after oocyte retrieval for IVF are discussed.
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ranking = 1.1666666666667
keywords = abscess
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25/730. Endovascular occlusion of a carotid pseudoaneurysm complicating deep neck space infection in a child. Case report.

    Pseudoaneurysm formation of the cervical internal carotid artery (ICA) is a rare, potentially lethal complication of deep neck space infection. This entity typically occurs following otolaryngological or upper respiratory tract infection. The pseudoaneurysm is heralded by a pulsatile neck mass, Homer's syndrome, lower cranial neuropathies, and/or hemorrhage that may be massive. The recommended treatment includes prompt arterial ligation. The authors present a case of pseudoaneurysm of the cervical ICA complicating a deep neck space infection. A parapharyngeal staphylococcus aureus abscess developed in a previously healthy 6-year-old girl after she experienced pharyngitis. The abscess was drained via an intraoral approach. On postoperative Day 3, the patient developed a pulsatile neck mass, lethargy, ipsilateral Horner's syndrome, and hemoptysis, which resulted in hemorrhagic shock. Treatment included emergency endovascular occlusion of the cervical ICA and postembolization antibiotic treatment for 6 weeks. The patient has made an uneventful recovery as of her 18-month follow-up evaluation. Conclusions drawn.from this experience and a review of the literature include the following: 1) mycotic pseudoaneurysms of the carotid arteries have a typical clinical presentation that should enable timely recognition; 2) these lesions occur more commonly in children than in adults; 3) angiography with a view to performing endovascular occlusion should be undertaken promptly; and 4) endovascular occlusion of the pseudoaneurysm is a viable treatment option.
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ranking = 0.33333333333333
keywords = abscess
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26/730. Sonographic detection of multiple staphylococcus aureus hepatic microabscesses mimicking Candida abscesses.

    We report the sonographic, CT, and clinical findings in a patient presenting with clinical sepsis and multiple staphylococcus aureus hepatic microabscesses. Although contrast-enhanced CT has had a higher sensitivity than sonography in detecting hepatic microabscesses in some studies, this examination was negative in our patient. On sonography, numerous small hypoechoic lesions were present. Some target-like lesions had a striking similarity to candida albicans microabscesses. The hepatic lesions were believed to be pyogenic liver microabscesses, as several blood cultures were positive for S. aureus. Following prolonged intravenous antibiotic therapy, all the hypoechoic hepatic lesions disappeared, along with the clinical and biochemical signs of sepsis.
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ranking = 2
keywords = abscess
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27/730. Spinal epidural abscess - a report of six cases.

    Six cases of spinal epidural abscess are presented. All patients were young with no predisposing conditions. All were treated with laminectomy and intravenous antibiotics. The patients with no neurological deficit recovered completely, while patients with pre-existing neurological deficit had a poorer outcome. Emphasis is given to early detection and surgical management to prevent irreversible damage to the spinal cord.
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ranking = 0.83333333333333
keywords = abscess
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28/730. A 15-year-old with back pain, fever, and leg numbness.

    Spinal epidural abscess (SEA) is an uncommon entity. We report an adolescent presenting with fever and back pain beginning 3 months after a leg abscess. This case highlights several important aspects of the diagnosis and care of patients with SEA. As illustrated by this case, plain radiographs and computed tomography of the spine can miss the diagnosis, thus when spinal epidural abscess is suspected, magnetic resonance imaging is the imaging modality of choice. Epidural abscesses most commonly arise from hematological dissemination, with staphylococcus aureus being the most often cultured organism. Surgical intervention early combined with the administration of proper antibiotics leads to the best outcome.
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ranking = 0.66666666666667
keywords = abscess
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29/730. Descending suppurative mediastinitis: nonsurgical approach to this unusual complication of retropharyngeal abscesses in childhood.

    OBJECTIVE: To alert the pediatric emergency physician about suppurative mediastinitis as an unusual, life-threatening complication of retropharyngeal abscesses in children and to report an alternative therapeutic option for these cases. methods: We describe a case of suppurative mediastinitis secondary to a retropharyngeal abscess in a 19-month-old girl and discuss the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of this disease. RESULTS: Prompt diagnosis, based on clinical, radiographic, and CT findings, followed by immediate retropharyngeal drainage and appropriate antibiotic therapy, allowed conservative management of the mediastinal abscess, without the need for surgery. The child presented a good outcome and was discharged on hospital day 14. CONCLUSIONS: When evaluating a retropharyngeal abscess, the pediatric emergency physician should be aware of its complications. A chest radiograph should be prescribed for each patient presenting with an indolent course. Widening of the mediastinum should be considered as strong evidence of a mediastinal abscess for which the best therapeutic option is aggressive surgical drainage. In the rare cases in which marked improvement is achieved after retropharyngeal drainage, a nonsurgical approach to the mediastinal abscess could be attempted. CT scan and a simple chest radiograph have proved to be useful for diagnosis and follow-up.
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ranking = 1.6666666666667
keywords = abscess
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30/730. abdominal abscess: late complication after gastroepiploic coronary artery bypass grafting.

    The gastroepiploic artery is widely used an arterial conduit during coronary artery revascularisation surgery. We report an unusual complication of a 56-year-old man who developed a late intra-abdominal abscess extending into the mediastinum adjacent to the right ventricle more than 2 years after surgery. This was managed with percutaneous drainage and the patient made a full recovery. The case illustrates the potential problems associated with harvesting of this artery and the need for careful haemostasis.
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ranking = 0.83341318867783
keywords = abscess, intra-abdominal
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