Cases reported "Staphylococcal Infections"

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1/174. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy in deep sternal wound infection after heart transplantation.

    The results of orthotopic heart transplantation (OHTx) are still burdened with considerable early mortality due to graft rejection or infection. sternum osteomyelitis is an infrequent postoperative complication. We report a case of deep sternal wound infection (2 months after OHTx) that was treated with hyperbaric oxygen therapy in addition to local surgical treatment.
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2/174. Fatal case due to methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus small colony variants in an AIDS patient.

    We describe the first known case of a fatal infection with small colony variants of methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus in a patient with AIDS. Recovered from three blood cultures as well as from a deep hip abscess, these variants may have resulted from long-term antimicrobial therapy with trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole for prophylaxis of pneumocystis carinii pneumonia.
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3/174. retropharyngeal abscess. A rare presentation of nasopharyngeal carcinoma.

    Early symptoms of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) can often be deceptive and confusing. Most patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma present at an advanced stage with metastatic cervical nodes present at the time of diagnosis. A deep neck abscess as the presenting feature has not been reported. We report two cases of nasopharyngeal carcinoma which presented with retropharyngeal abscesses and persistent lymphadenopathy. These two patients illustrate that refractory lymphadenopathy, despite adequate treatment of the associated infection, should prompt a search for underlying disease. The relationship between nasopharyngeal carcinoma and retropharyngeal abscess is discussed.
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4/174. Community-acquired methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus: a cause of musculoskeletal sepsis in children.

    Between August 1996 and August 1997, 130 children were admitted to our pediatric orthopaedic unit with Staphylococcus aureus musculoskeletal infection. Twenty-six of the 130 staphylococcal isolates were resistant to methicillin, an incidence of 20%. All but one of the infections, a femoral fixator-pin infection, were community-acquired. Twenty-two of the infections were superficial; however, there were four cases of deep musculoskeletal sepsis due to methicillin-resistant S. aureus. In areas where methicillin-resistant S. aureus is prevalent in the community, methicillin resistance should be considered in any overwhelming staphylococcal infection not responding to conventional antibiotics despite adequate surgical debridement.
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5/174. psoas abscess associated with iliac vein thrombosis and piriformis and gluteal abscesses.

    BACKGROUND: A 14-year-old boy was admitted because of lumbago and high fever. methods/RESULTS: Computed tomography scans revealed psoas, piriformis and gluteal abscesses as well as right iliac vein thrombus. A right femoral venogram demonstrated compression from the psoas abscess and thrombosis of the common iliac vein. Appropriate surgical drainage, administration of antibiotics and anticoagulant therapy were effective in the present case. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first report of primary psoas abscess associated with vein thrombosis and is also unique in that abscesses were multiple without predisposing diseases or trauma.
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ranking = 30.150726356824
keywords = thrombosis, vein thrombosis, vein
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6/174. Removal of infected pacemaker leads with deep hypothermic circulatory arrest and open surgical exploration of the superior vena cava and innominate veins.

    Despite the use of transvenous methods for extraction of infected leads, failed attempts may result in retained lead fragments. Retained lead fragments may be a focus of continued infection leading to sepsis. We present two patients in which conversion from cardiopulmonary bypass to hypothermic circulatory arrest allowed direct visualization, using venotomies in the superior vena cava and innominate vein to achieve complete removal of retained pacemaker lead fragments. Use of venotomies in the extracardiac venous system is a technical addition to prior descriptions of lead extraction using deep hypothermia and circulatory arrest.
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keywords = deep, vein
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7/174. Inverse paradoxical embolism in a patient on chronic hemodialysis with aortic bacterial endocarditis.

    We present a 45-year-old patient on chronic hemodialysis who suffered aortic endocarditis by staphylococcus haemolyticus after bacteremia associated with a venous catheter, which was used temporarily during the maturing phase of a Cimino-Brescia arteriovenous fistula in the left forearm. Three weeks after starting antibiotic therapy, the patient suffered a septic pulmonary embolism. The catheter had been removed 4 weeks before the embolism. thrombophlebitis of lower limbs, infection or thrombosis of the vascular access, and the involvement of right-sided cardiac structures were all discarded. We assumed that the pulmonary episode was probably a consequence of the paradoxical passage of embolic material, detached from the aortic valve, from arterial to venous circulation through the arteriovenous fistula.
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ranking = 4.5599588357434
keywords = thrombosis
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8/174. A patient who survived total colonic type ulcerative colitis complicated by toxic megacolon, disseminated intravascular coagulation, methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus infection and bilateral femoral phlebothrombosis.

    We report a patient who survived total colonic type ulcerative colitis (UC) complicated by toxic megacolon (TM), disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus infection, and phlebothrombosis. A 69-year-old man was treated for about 4 months under the diagnosis of ischemic colitis at another hospital, and was transferred to our hospital. Based on endoscopic and pathological findings, we strongly suspected UC, and administered salazosulfapyridine and methylprednisolone, but TM and DIC developed, necessitating urgent subtotal colectomy. Despite his elderly age and the severe complications, he recovered and was discharged from our hospital about 4 months after admission. The mortality rate of UC complicated by TM and DIC in elderly patients is high, necessitating rapid initiation of high-dose steroid administration or surgical treatment.
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ranking = 22.799794178717
keywords = thrombosis
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9/174. Primary iliac muscle abscess due to Staphylococcus aureus.

    A 55-year-old man presented with a 3-day history of lower back pain and right thigh pain. A diagnosis of discogenic pain had been made at two other hospitals. He had been admitted to a medical center for acute hepatitis 5 months prior to this admission. Large doses of parenteral hydrocortisone were used for 13 days to treat acute hepatitis. At the present admission, he was unable to stand and refused to move his right leg. There was mild tenderness in the right lower abdomen on deep palpation. Passive flexion and rotation of the right hip produced mild pain, while passive extension of the right hip produced severe pain and resistance. The Patrick test was positive and the psoas sign was present on the right side. The erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) was 66/hr. The c-reactive protein (CRP) level was 0.161 g/L. Abdominal sonography showed a lobulated mass in the right iliac fossa. magnetic resonance imaging showed severe swelling of the right iliac muscle with a central heterogeneous mass. debridement, drainage of the abscess, and application of a septopal chain were performed via an anterior retroperitoneal approach, and parenteral cephazolin and gentamicin were administered. A culture of the abscess grew Staphylococcus aureus. The ESR and CRP concentrations decreased to within the normal ranges 3 weeks later. awareness of this disease entity, careful physical examination, and appropriate imaging studies such as ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging are key to making a correct diagnosis.
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10/174. Endovascular occlusion of a carotid pseudoaneurysm complicating deep neck space infection in a child. Case report.

    Pseudoaneurysm formation of the cervical internal carotid artery (ICA) is a rare, potentially lethal complication of deep neck space infection. This entity typically occurs following otolaryngological or upper respiratory tract infection. The pseudoaneurysm is heralded by a pulsatile neck mass, Homer's syndrome, lower cranial neuropathies, and/or hemorrhage that may be massive. The recommended treatment includes prompt arterial ligation. The authors present a case of pseudoaneurysm of the cervical ICA complicating a deep neck space infection. A parapharyngeal Staphylococcus aureus abscess developed in a previously healthy 6-year-old girl after she experienced pharyngitis. The abscess was drained via an intraoral approach. On postoperative Day 3, the patient developed a pulsatile neck mass, lethargy, ipsilateral Horner's syndrome, and hemoptysis, which resulted in hemorrhagic shock. Treatment included emergency endovascular occlusion of the cervical ICA and postembolization antibiotic treatment for 6 weeks. The patient has made an uneventful recovery as of her 18-month follow-up evaluation. Conclusions drawn.from this experience and a review of the literature include the following: 1) mycotic pseudoaneurysms of the carotid arteries have a typical clinical presentation that should enable timely recognition; 2) these lesions occur more commonly in children than in adults; 3) angiography with a view to performing endovascular occlusion should be undertaken promptly; and 4) endovascular occlusion of the pseudoaneurysm is a viable treatment option.
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