Cases reported "Staphylococcal Infections"

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11/150. Deep wound infection after vagus nerve stimulator implantation: treatment without removal of the device.

    Effective treatment of deep wound infection without removal of a previously implanted foreign body is difficult. The Neurocybernetic Prosthesis (NCP) System (Cyberonics Inc., Webster, TX, U.S.A.), implanted for vagus nerve stimulation in patients with medically refractory epilepsy, uses coil-like electrodes placed around the left vagus nerve after exposure of the nerve in the carotid sheath. Infection within this compartment endangers the contained structures and makes removal of the system hazardous. We report the case of one patient implanted with the NCP who underwent successful open wound treatment without removal of the system. A 35-year-old man had local signs of wound infection 5 weeks after implantation of a vagus nerve stimulator. Systemic signs of infection were absent. c-reactive protein was slightly elevated, but all other laboratory values were normal. After open wound debridement and thorough rinsing with bacitracin-containing solution, the wound was packed with 3% iodoformized gauze. The NCP was left in place. Systemic antibiotic therapy with fosfomycin and cefmenoxim was started. Cultures confirmed an infection with Staphylococcus aureus. The wound was rinsed daily with 3% hydrogen peroxide solution and 5% saline until cultures were sterile and granulation tissue started to fill the wound. Delayed primary closure was performed 2 weeks later. wound healing was accomplished without removal of the device. No signs of recurrent infection were observed during a follow-up of 1 year. Open wound treatment without removal of the implanted vagus nerve stimulator is feasible in cases of deep cervical wound infection and can be an alternative if removal of the device appears hazardous.
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ranking = 1
keywords = wound infection, wound
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12/150. Above the knee amputation wound which dehisced following surgery.

    This case study describes the wound care of Mrs A, a female patient whose above the knee amputation wound dehisced after surgery. The management of this wound was complex and challenging and required that many members of the multidisciplinary team to work together to achieve a satisfactory outcome.
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ranking = 0.013944513205305
keywords = wound
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13/150. Percutaneous treatment of chronic MRSA osteomyelitis with a novel plant-derived antiseptic.

    BACKGROUND: Antibiotic-resistant bacteria such as methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and vancomycin-resistant enterococcus (VRE, are an increasing problem world-wide, causing intractable wound infections. Complex phytochemical extracts such as tea tree oil and eucalypt-derived formulations have been shown to have strong bactericidal activity against MRSA in vitro. Polytoxinol (PT) antimicrobial, is the trade name of a range of antimicrobial preparations in solution, ointment and cream form. methods: We report the first use of this drug, administered percutaneously, via calcium sulphate pellets (Osteoset,TM), into bone, to treat an intractable MRSA infection of the lower tibia in an adult male. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: Over a three month period his symptoms resolved with a healing response on x-ray and with a reduced CRP.
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ranking = 0.16434258113245
keywords = wound infection, wound
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14/150. Toxic shock syndrome in a patient with breast cancer and systemic lupus erythematosus.

    A case is reported of a lady with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) who developed toxic shock syndrome following breast surgery. Staphylococcus aureus was cultured from the wound. The relative immunosuppression of SLE may have been a precipitating factor. copyright Harcourt Publishers Limited.
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ranking = 0.0019920733150435
keywords = wound
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15/150. Two-staged operation for thoracolumbar osteomyelitis following methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus infection of a craniectomy wound--case report.

    A previously healthy 53-year-old woman developed pyogenic vertebral osteomyelitis (PVO) manifesting as progressive lumbago following wound infection of a decompressive craniectomy performed for brain contusion caused by a traffic accident. magnetic resonance imaging disclosed vertebral osteomyelitis at T-12 and L-1 with paravertebral abscess. Anterior debridement and fusion using autografts were performed at the first operation. methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) was cultured from the abscess specimen. Antibiotic therapy resolved the infection. Pedicle screw fixation was performed at the second operation. The patient became free from back pain and no recurrence of infection was seen. The diagnosis of PVO is frequently observed or delayed because of the nonspecific symptomatic presentation in the early stage. Coexistent infection or trauma makes early diagnosis more difficult. Indications and timing of instrumentation for the spinal column infected with MRSA is difficult. Two-staged operation with anterior debridement and posterior instrumentation after eradication of the infection is a safe and effective procedure for MRSA vertebral osteomyelitis.
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ranking = 0.17231087439262
keywords = wound infection, wound
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16/150. Stent graft repair for rupture of the subclavian artery secondary to infection of a subclavian-to-carotid bypass graft.

    The case of anastomotic rupture of the subclavian artery following infection of a subclavian-to-carotid bypass grafting is reported. Emergency endoluminal stent graft repair was life saving and aided wound healing, but stent graft thrombosis occurred. Such a complication raises some concern about the safety of this procedure in an infected setting. The use of autologous saphenous vein-covered stent graft may provide some advantages in avoiding graft infection and thrombosis.
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ranking = 0.0019920733150435
keywords = wound
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17/150. Compression sutures in the management of corneal transplant wound infections.

    PURPOSE: To report the usefulness of compression sutures in the management of three cases of bacterial wound infections in corneal transplants. methods: Interventional case series. RESULTS: All three cases of wound dehiscence and perforation resulting from bacterial wound infections were successfully treated with placement of compression sutures with concurrent topical antibiotic treatment. CONCLUSION: The placement of compression sutures is a successful surgical technique to reestablish corneal transplant wound integrity compromised by infection.
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ranking = 0.99003963342478
keywords = wound infection, wound
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18/150. Toxic shock syndrome associated with the use of the vacuum-assisted closure device.

    The vacuum-assisted wound closure technique and device (the V.A.C.) has become a widely accepted technique in the management of chronic and difficult wounds. The authors present the first reported case of toxic shock syndrome associated with its use. This article does not question the efficacy of the V.A.C. technique in the treatment of difficult wounds, but focuses on raising the index of suspicion of toxic shock syndrome in patients with wounds managed with the V.A.C. who develop early signs or symptoms that may be consistent with the diagnosis.
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ranking = 0.0079682932601741
keywords = wound
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19/150. Hematogenous cervical spondylodiscitis after severe burn injury.

    A 47-year-old man sustained a 31% TBSA burn injury. In spite of early escharectomy and mesh-graft-transplantation the patient suffered a septicaemic phase in the first week, which was treated by a specific antibiotic. Five weeks after the burn injury a cervical spondylodiscitis was diagnosed. Immediate wound debridement, ventral and dorsal spondylodesis with a tricortical bone-graft from the left iliac crest and titanium plates and specific antibiotic therapy led to the stabilization and healing of the cervical spinal column. The spondylodiscitis was microbiologically proved to be hematogenous after spread of Staphylococcus aureus from the blood in the early septicaemic phase. Swab culture from the burn surface wound, infected vertebrae and blood during the septicaemic phase revealed coagulase positive S. aureus. The aetiology, predisposing factors and management of this rare, but recognized, complication of major burns are discussed. Case features of this patient are compared with the single site's reported case of hematogenous cervical spondylodiscitis after severe burn injury.
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ranking = 0.0039841466300871
keywords = wound
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20/150. Toxic shock syndrome originating from the foot.

    The most familiar etiology of toxic shock syndrome (TSS) is that of menstruation and tampon use. Nonmenstrual TSS has been described in all types of wounds including postsurgical, respiratory infection, mucous membrane disruption, burns, and vesicular lesions caused by varicella and shingles. A case of TSS occurring in a diabetic male patient with foot blisters is presented. Early recognition by an infectious disease specialist and appropriate medical management led to complete recovery. There have been no reported cases of Staphylococcus aureus TSS originating in the foot to date.
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ranking = 0.0019920733150435
keywords = wound
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