Cases reported "Staphylococcal Infections"

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31/150. Successful salvage of infected PTFE mesh after ventral hernia repair.

    Rates of hernia recurrence following repair of abdominal wall hernia defects have been shown to be lower when prosthetic biomaterials are used, but their presence may be associated with a higher rate of infectious complications. Traditional surgical teaching has advocated removal of contaminated or exposed prosthetics, although the morbidity of these revisions is high. The case presented involves a ventral hernia repair complicated by methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus infection and exposed polytetrafluoroethylene mesh. The open abdominal wound was successfully managed with a combination of intravenous antibiotics, local wound debridement, vacuum-assisted closure, and soft tissue coverage of the mesh. Eighteen months following surgical closure of the wound, no hernia recurrence or infection was evident.
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keywords = wound
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32/150. Asymptomatic nasal carriage of mupirocin-resistant, methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in a pet dog associated with MRSA infection in household contacts.

    Recurrent methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection in a patient with diabetes and in his wife is described. culture of nares samples from the family dog grew mupirocin-resistant (minimum inhibitory concentration >1024 microg/mL) MRSA that had a pulsed-field gel electrophoresis chromosomal pattern identical to the MRSA isolated from the patient's nares and his wife's wound. Further recurrence of MRSA infection and nasal colonization in the couple was prevented only after successful eradication of MRSA from the family dog's nares.
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keywords = wound
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33/150. arthrodesis in the presence of infection.

    Eradication of the joint infection with severe joint destruction in the presence of active infection has been accomplished in 8 patients by radical debridement, stable fixation and adequate postoperative drainage of wound. All patients were successfully treated by a one-stage primary arthrodesis and all patients went on to develop a solid fusion.
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keywords = wound
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34/150. Emergence of vancomycin resistance during therapy against methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus in a burn patient--importance of low-level resistance to vancomycin.

    OBJECTIVES: Staphylococcus aureus with low-level resistance to vancomycin (VLSA) which could develop into vancomycin-resistant S. aureus (VRSA) is most important. However, VLSA is difficult to detect by standard laboratory methods. We describe here improved methods to detect VLSA. methods: Three methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) strains, designated Fu6, Fu10, and Fu18, were sequentially isolated from the burn wound site of a patient, during vancomycin therapy. The properties of these strains were compared with those of reference strains Mu3 and Mu50 (previous resistant isolates from other patients). RESULTS: The isolated strains, Fu10 and Fu18, had identical phenotypes and genotypes. The vancomycin resistance of Fu10 was equivalent to that of strain Mu3, whereas Fu18 had much higher vancomycin resistance than Fu10 and Mu3, although reaching the level of Mu50. Fu18 showed similar growth to Mu50 on gradient gels and on Mu3 medium. CONCLUSIONS: Our data indicate that the VLSA developed vancomycin resistance during exposure to vancomycin in vivo. The population analysis of tested VLSA and vancomycin intermediately resistant S. aureus (VISA) indicates that a penem at relatively low concentrations induced a significant increase in the number of vancomycin-resistant subpopulations. Furthermore, we confirmed that gradient gel analysis and Mu3 medium are simple and useful methods for the detection of VLSA judged as VSSA by its conventional MIC alone.
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keywords = wound
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35/150. Emergency endovascular stent-grafting for infected pseudoaneurysm of brachial artery.

    The use of covered stents in an infected field is controversial. It is generally recommended that infected aneurysms be treated using autografts or allografts. We report a case of infected brachial pseudoaneurysms that developed after medical debridement of a methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)-infected wound of the right arm and emergency brachial artery bypass-grafting using the saphenous vein, which was successfully treated by endovascular stent-grafting followed by antibiotic administration. The present case suggests that endovascular stent-grafting prevents rupture and occlusion of infected aneurysms and enables the continued administration of antibiotics.
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keywords = wound
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36/150. endocarditis due to Staphylococcus aureus after minor dog bite.

    Living in a society of animal lovers, the dangers are often not always apparent. Injury from bites and scratches is an occupational hazard for those people who work with animals. Despite the high risk of secondary wound infection as a result of an animal bite, many patients do not receive treatment with an antimicrobial medication. This report describes a case of a previously fit and well 66-year-old female dog handler who, after an apparently minor dog bite to the hand, developed fulminant acute Staphylococcus aureus endocarditis and life-threatening aortic regurgitation. This article discusses the microbiology behind dog bites and highlights the need for proper wound hygiene and consideration of prophylactic broad-spectrum antibiotics to prevent potentially fatal outcomes as a result of what initially seem to be minor injuries.
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ranking = 27.832753140724
keywords = wound infection, wound
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37/150. Delayed and recurring infection in postoperative abdominal wounds.

    Delayed and recurring wound infection in the abdominal wall of twenty-five patients, producing a variety of signs and symptoms months or years after original operations, were most frequently associated with silk sutures and endogenous infection due to escherichia coli. The restorative procedures employed at a small community hospital varied from incision and drainage to en bloc wound excision. Timing of operations, culture data, pre- and postoperative antibiotics, and changes in the type of suture material were important adjuncts to therapy.
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ranking = 29.166086474058
keywords = wound infection, wound
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38/150. saphenous vein graft pseudoaneurysm formation after postoperative mediastinitis.

    Pseudoaneurysm formation involving the body of an aortocoronary saphenous vein graft is a rare event. True aneurysmal dilatation of the graft and anastomotic pseudoaneurysm formation occur more commonly. We present the case of a 73-year-old woman in whom a pseudoaneurysm communicating with the body of a posterior descending coronary artery saphenous vein graft developed, presumably after a postoperative sternal wound infection. The aneurysm was excised and the defect within the saphenous vein graft repaired using hypothermia and circulatory arrest.
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ranking = 27.499419807391
keywords = wound infection, wound
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39/150. Infective endocarditis due to Staphylococcus aureus involving three cardiac valves. A case study.

    A 20-year-old woman, diagnosed with coarctation of the aorta, situs viscerum inversus, and bicuspid aortic valve, underwent corrective surgery for the coarctation. After a postoperative neurological state that suggested a spinal lesion, corticosteroid therapy was initiated and the patient was discharged early from the unit to begin a motor rehabilitation program. Following the dehiscence of the thoracotomy surgical wound, a severe infective clinical picture, sustained by methicillin-resistant S. Aureus (MRSA), became evident with a diagnosis of bacterial endocarditis involving the aortic, mitral and tricuspid valves and caused the patient's death due to septic shock complicated by ARDS. According to the authors, the early discharge of the patients after such a complex operation, the eccessive lengthening of the steroid therapy that would have contribuited to delay the diagnosis, causing the lack of preventing identification of the first signs of infection and the impossibility for the patient to have another operation (involving 3 valves) are conclusive elements that led to the above mentioned complications.
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ranking = 0.33333333333333
keywords = wound
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40/150. aortic valve replacement by limited sternotomy for infective endocarditis in a patient with a tracheostomy.

    Active infection in the area of the tracheostomy during cardiac surgery presents a high risk. We successfully performed urgent aortic valve replacement for an endocarditis patient with active infection of methicillin resistance staphylococcus aureus in the tracheostoma. To avoid wound infection, a 2nd J-limited sternotomy was used during the operation. Despite malnutrition, the patient showed no wound infection after surgery and recovered smoothly.
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ranking = 54.998839614782
keywords = wound infection, wound
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