Cases reported "Staphylococcal Infections"

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1/3095. Echocardiographic detection of bacterial vegetations in a child with a ventricular septal defect.

    A 13-year-old boy with a small ventricular septal defect was admitted with clinical manifestations of acute endocarditis. coagulase-positive staphylococci were isolated from the blood. Definitive diagnosis was made by detecting bacterial vegetations in the right ventricle on the echocardiogram. Repeated embolization of these vegetations to the pulmonary circulation led to the death of the patient. ( info)

2/3095. Emergence of vancomycin resistance in Staphylococcus aureus. Glycopeptide-Intermediate Staphylococcus aureus Working Group.

    BACKGROUND: Since the emergence of methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus, the glycopeptide vancomycin has been the only uniformly effective treatment for staphylococcal infections. In 1997, two infections due to S. aureus with reduced susceptibility to vancomycin were identified in the united states. methods: We investigated the two patients with infections due to S. aureus with intermediate resistance to glycopeptides, as defined by a minimal inhibitory concentration of vancomycin of 8 to 16 microg per milliliter. To assess the carriage and transmission of these strains of S. aureus, we cultured samples from the patients and their contacts and evaluated the isolates. RESULTS: The first patient was a 59-year-old man in michigan with diabetes mellitus and chronic renal failure. peritonitis due to S. aureus with intermediate resistance to glycopeptides developed after 18 weeks of vancomycin treatment for recurrent methicillin-resistant S. aureus peritonitis associated with dialysis. The removal of the peritoneal catheter plus treatment with rifampin and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole eradicated the infection. The second patient was a 66-year-old man with diabetes in new jersey. A bloodstream infection due to S. aureus with intermediate resistance to glycopeptides developed after 18 weeks of vancomycin treatment for recurrent methicillin-resistant S. aureus bacteremia. This infection was eradicated with vancomycin, gentamicin, and rifampin. Both patients died. The glycopeptide-intermediate S. aureus isolates differed by two bands on pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. On electron microscopy, the isolates from the infected patients had thicker extracellular matrixes than control methicillin-resistant S. aureus isolates. No carriage was documented among 177 contacts of the two patients. CONCLUSIONS: The emergence of S. aureus with intermediate resistance to glycopeptides emphasizes the importance of the prudent use of antibiotics, the laboratory capacity to identify resistant strains, and the use of infection-control precautions to prevent transmission. ( info)

3/3095. Septic arthritis following arthroscopic meniscus repair: a cluster of three cases.

    Three cases of staphylococcus epidermidis septic arthritis following inside-out arthroscopic meniscus repair within a 4-day period at the same facility are described. All three patients responded to surgical debridement and 4 to 6 weeks of intravenous antibiotics. In each instance, the meniscus and repair sutures were left intact; 12- to 38-month follow-up revealed no evidence of infection or meniscal symptoms. Epidemiological investigation implicated the meniscus repair cannulas as one of the few factors common to all three cases. molecular typing of bacterial dna revealed that two of the three isolated organisms showed identical pulsed-field gel electrophoretic patterns, implying a common source of inoculation. Experimental contamination of the cannulas revealed that only sterilization involving ultrasonification, lumen washing by water jet, and steam sterilization resulted in clean and sterile cannulas. ( info)

4/3095. Pubic pain in athletes: a case due to an abscess in the obturator muscle.

    Pubic pain is a common symptom in soccer players. Its cause can be difficult to determine. We report a case in a 19-year-old soccer player who had an abscess in the obturator internus muscle. We are aware of only one similar report in the literature. Painful limitation of internal rotation of the hip and evidence of infection suggested the diagnosis, which was confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging. In a soccer player, a fever and groin pain do not always indicate osteitis pubis. Limitation of internal rotation of the hip should suggest a lesion in the obturator internus muscle. ( info)

5/3095. Late bleb-related endophthalmitis after trabeculectomy with mitomycin C.

    To present two cases of delayed-onset postoperative endophthalmitis following trabeculectomy combined with mitomycin C for secondary glaucoma after penetrating keratoplasty. We retrospectively evaluated two patients with late endophthalmitis after trabeculectomy combined with intraoperative mitomycin C application. Both patients underwent trabeculectomy for uncontrolled glaucoma following penetrating keratoplasty and they developed thin-walled cystic blebs. intraocular pressure was normal, and grafts remained clear postoperatively. Severe endophthalmitis with hypopyon developed at 3 and 7 months postoperatively. Both patients had concomitant bleb infection. They underwent vitreous sampling and intravitreal injection of vancomycin and amikacin and were given topical fortified and systemic antibiotic therapy. Intravitreal injection was repeated once in both patients. Cultures grew streptococcus pneumonias in one and Staphylococcus aureus in the other. Although the treatment of endophthalmitis was successful in both patients, only one of them achieved useful vision (20/40). For the other patient who had been infected with S. pneumoniae, vision was light perception. Delayed-onset endophthalmitis following trabeculectomy with mitomycin C application is a severe and vision threatening complication. It seems that the development of thin cystic filtering blebs secondary to intraoperative mitomycin C application may be a predisposing factor for bleb-related late endophthalmitis. ( info)

6/3095. Hyperimmunoglobulin E-recurrent infection syndrome in a patient with juvenile dermatomyositis.

    A 13-year-old girl presented with multiple skin abscesses. She was diagnosed as having juvenile dermatomyositis (DM) at the age of 7 years. She had suffered from recurrent skin infections, atypical pruritic dermatitis and pneumonia since the age of 8 years. Bacteriologic and fungal cultures for skin abscesses and oral mucosa were positive S. aureus and C. albicans, respectively. Chemotactic defect in peripheral blood neutrophils was observed. The level of serum IgE was markedly elevated, and anti-S.aureus specific IgE was found. A diagnosis of hyperimmunoglobulin E-recurrent infection syndrome (HIE) was made and she was successfully treated with surgical drainage and antibiotics. To our knowledge, this is the first case report of HIE in a patient with juvenile dermatomyositis. ( info)

7/3095. Repair of a pseudoaneurysm of the ascending aorta after aortic valve replacement.

    An elderly woman underwent an aortic valve replacement and 5 months later developed a pseudoaneurysm from the anterior aspect of the proximal ascending aorta (AA). The pseudoaneurysm was approached through a redo-median sternotomy, on cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), mild hypothermia, and a beating heart, with a temporary fingertip occlusion of its ostium, and repaired successfully using mattress monofilament sutures enforced by pledgets. The standard approach to such pseudoaneurysms is a CPB and hypothermic circulatory arrest (HCA) prior to mid-sternotomy, and replacement of the AA. But, when a pseudoaneurysm arises from a narrow ostium on the anterior aspect of the AA, as in this case, it can be sutured closed with pledgets under CPB with a mild hypothermia and a beating heart. ( info)

8/3095. Toxic shock syndrome secondary to a dental abscess.

    A 9-year-old girl presented with arthralgia and myalgia which progressed to developing renal failure and overwhelming septic shock. The underlying cause was assumed to be a periodontal abscess from an upper right deciduous canine tooth. The pus from the abscess grew a toxic shock syndrome toxin 1-producing Staphylococcus aureus. This case illustrates the importance of an oral surgical review of patients presenting with features of toxic shock syndrome if the source of the infection is not immediately obvious. ( info)

9/3095. Late complications of Silastic duraplasty: low-virulence infections. Case report.

    The authors describe three patients with expanding hemorrhagic mass lesions who presented 13 to 18 years after undergoing Silastic duraplasty. In all patients, results of bacteriological cultures of the masses obtained intraoperatively were positive, revealing low-virulence bacteria. Two of the patients were treated with antibiotic drugs and made a good recovery. The third did not receive antibiotic medications initially and later developed an epidural empyema that necessitated reoperation, but subsequently made a complete recovery. Vascularized neomembranes are generally agreed to be causes of the expanding masses, but the possibility that patients could be harboring chronic infections must be considered. Thus, on removal of duraplasty materials a complete bacteriological culture should be obtained, and if it is positive the proper antibiotic therapy should be administered. Furthermore, the creation of a registry of patients who have received implants is advocated to facilitate tracking of implanted material in case of complications. ( info)

10/3095. Delayed recurrence of cerebellar abscess 20 years after excision of dermoid cyst and sinus.

    A patient is described who suffered a greatly delayed reappearance of a cerebellar abscess, 20 years after excision, in childhood, of a midline dermoid cyst with associated abscess formation. A similar organism was cultured on both occasions. ( info)
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