Cases reported "Stomach Neoplasms"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/111. endosonography in the diagnosis of "blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome": an uncommon cause of gastrointestinal tract bleeding.

    Blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome is a rare condition characterized by the presence of multiple angiomatic lesions of the skin. These are associated with similar lesions in other organs, namely in the gastrointestinal tract, causing anemia through chronic bleeding. We describe the case of a 72-year-old woman with microcytic anemia. A barium study revealed irregular lacunae in the distal esophagus. A subsequent endoscopy showed blue nodular lesions similar to angiomas of the esophagus and stomach fundus. endosonography confirmed its angiomatic nature. Exploration of other organs, using magnetic resonance and cranial computed tomography, did not reveal the presence of this type of lesion. In physical examination, two angiomatic lesions were observed on the face and lips, respectively. These were blue in color and compressible, leaving an empty wrinkled sac that rapidly refilled, typical of angiomas.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = esophagus
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/111. Metastasis of an esophageal carcinoma to a giant gastric ulcer.

    In patients with esophageal carcinoma it is considered that stomach metastasis is induced mainly via the lymphatic route rather than via the bloodstream route that is common in other types of distant organ metastasis. A 56 year-old patient is reported who underwent synchronous subtotal esophagectomy and total gastrectomy for a middle third esophageal carcinoma and a giant peptic ulcer within the gastric fundus. The final histopathologic examination revealed a squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus with concomitant squamous tumor implantation within the gastric ulcer. The increased cell proliferation in the ulcer margin can serve as a "biological background or base" for implantation.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.5
keywords = esophagus
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/111. Paraneoplastic vasculitis associated with esophageal carcinoma.

    We report a case of esophageal carcinoma associated with paraneoplastic vasculitis. A 69-year-old man suffered from low-grade fever and numbness of the lower limbs for 3 months before esophageal and gastric carcinomas were detected. Concurrent infection or collagen disease was ruled out following clinical and laboratory examinations. In April 1996, the gastric carcinoma was completely removed by endoscopic mucosal resection, but the symptoms remained. Three weeks later esophagectomy was performed for esophageal carcinoma after which time the fever and numbness disappeared. The esophageal carcinoma was a well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma invading into the submucosal layer. Twenty-two lymph node metastases were found in 68 resected lymph nodes. Latent thyroid cancer was found. Histologically, vasculitis was detected in the esophagus, stomach and serratus anterior muscle. The distribution and degree of vasculitis were most pronounced in the esophagus. The concurrent onset and spontaneous resolution of fever and numbness after the removal of the esophageal carcinoma suggested a paraneoplastic origin. The majority of patients with malignant neoplasm-associated vasculitis had hematologic neoplasms. Cases of esophageal carcinoma associated with paraneoplastic vasculitis are extremely rare.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = esophagus
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/111. Multifocal granular cell tumor of the esophagus and proximal stomach with infiltrative pattern: a case report and review of the literature.

    The granular cell tumor is a solitary painless nodule that arises most commonly on the skin or the tongue. The vast majority are benign. Approximately 5% to 9% of granular cell tumors have been reported in the gastrointestinal tract, most commonly in the esophagus. We report a case of a 45-year-old African American woman with multifocal granular cell tumors of the esophagus and proximal stomach. Two lesions within the distal esophagus and proximal stomach were characteristic nodular granular cell tumors. Within the mid esophagus there was poorly defined transmural involvement by benign-appearing granular cells. This pattern of infiltration by benign cells is uncharacteristic. A review of the literature with emphasis on the determination of malignancy is also presented.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 4
keywords = esophagus
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/111. Esophago-gastric invagination in patients with sliding hiatus hernia.

    intussusception of the distal esophagus into a reducible hiatus hernia is described in nine female and three male patients. The main radiographic feature is demonstration of a lobulated fundal mass of changeable size and configuration surrounding the narrowed distal esophageal segment. This pseudotumor is produced by inversion of the hiatus hernia into the stomach, and may be mistaken for a neoplasm. Disinvagination invariably occurs when maneuvers directed toward demonstration of a sliding hernia are utilized during upper gastrointestinal fluoroscopy. It is emphasized that esophago-gastric invagination frequently accounts for masses shown in the cardia of older women with intermittent dysphagia and crampy epigastric pain.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.5
keywords = esophagus
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/111. Major surgery for a gastric cancer in a haemophilic with high inhibitor titre successfully performed by the use of recombinant FVIIa.

    A total gastrectomy with omentectomy and resection of the distal oesophagus in a 69-year-old haemophilia A patient with high inhibitor of 128 Bethesda units is described. Surgery was successfully performed after infusion of 112 microg kg-1 bw of recombinant FVIIa. Ninety-two microg kg-1 were given thereafter at time intervals of 2 h until 12 h, then every 3 h until 24 h, and every 4 h until 48 h after surgery. Doses were gradually reduced in the following days and finally discontinued on day 28 after surgery. The complete treatment schedule required the administration of a total of 708 mg of recombinant FVIIa. Using this approach, we observed normal haemostasis, and there were no signs of excessive postoperative bleeding or wound haematoma. No clinical side-effects or evidence of systemic activation of coagulation occurred during the treatment. As judged from the clinical course of this major surgery, recombinant FVIIa appears to be highly efficacious and safe and should be used as first line treatment in high titre inhibitor patients with cross-reactivity to porcine factor viii, undergoing surgery.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.5
keywords = esophagus
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/111. Synovial sarcoma of the upper digestive tract: a report of two cases with demonstration of the X;18 translocation by fluorescence in situ hybridization.

    Two cases of synovial sarcoma that arose in the upper digestive tract are reported. One case was a polypoid mass that arose at the gastroesophageal junction; the other was a large intramural mass that arose in the wall of the stomach. Both cases had a classic biphasic pattern. In the stomach tumor, the biphasic morphology was focal and there was an abrupt transition to poorly differentiated synovial sarcoma. The tumors had immunohistochemical features that were consistent with synovial sarcoma. Ultrastructural evaluation of the gastroesophageal tumor supported the diagnosis. The diagnostic X;18 translocation was demonstrated by fluorescence in situ hybridization on sections from paraffin-embedded tissue in 86% and 50% of interphase nuclei from the gastroesophageal and gastric tumor, respectively. The translocation was present in equal frequency in the epithelial and spindle cells in the biphasic areas and the poorly differentiated areas of the gastric tumor, indicating that the development of the more aggressive subclone was probably due to genetic mutations not encompassing the SYT-SSX gene fusion product. We are aware of only five reported cases of synovial sarcoma arising in the digestive tract, all in the proximal esophagus. These cases are the first reported arising in the gastroesophageal junction and stomach and the only cases of synovial sarcoma of the digestive tract in which the diagnostic translocation was demonstrated. Sarcomatoid carcinoma (carcinosarcoma) and gastrointestinal stromal tumor are the main differential diagnoses for synovial sarcoma in this site. Synovial sarcoma of the digestive tract may be underdiagnosed, and its recognition may have important clinical implications. fluorescence in situ hybridization is helpful in making this distinction.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.5
keywords = esophagus
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/111. Possible paracrine growth of adenocarcinoma of the stomach induced by granulocyte colony stimulating factor produced by squamous cell carcinoma of the oesophagus.

    Synchronous cancers of the oesophagus and stomach diagnosed in a patient showing pronounced leucocytosis were examined for production of granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) and expression of G-CSF receptor. Whereas enzyme immunoassay of tissue extracts showed that the oesophageal carcinoma produced G-CSF, the gastric cancer did not. However, the gastric tumour showed G-CSF receptor expression on immunohistochemical examination of sections. These findings suggest that the oesophageal cancer promoted gastric cancer growth by paracrine mechanisms involving G-CSF.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 2.5
keywords = esophagus
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/111. Metachronous triple cancers of the sigmoid colon, stomach, and esophagus: report of a case.

    We report herein an unusual case of metachronous triple cancers of the sigmoid colon, stomach, and esophagus. A 60-year-old man was initially admitted to our hospital for investigation of occult fecal blood. This was found to be caused by sigmoid colon cancer which was resected in July 1985 (T3, N0, M0; Stage II). A follow-up endoscopy performed in 1990 showed early gastric cancer, and a gastrectomy was performed in August 1990 (Tis, N0, M0; Stage 0). Another endoscopic examination performed as follow-up in 1993 revealed early cancer of the remnant stomach, and all the remnant stomach was surgically resected in March 1993 (Tis, N0, M0; Stage 0). He presented again in December 1996, complaining of discomfort in the chest which was found to be caused by cancer of the middle thoracic esophagus. Although surgery was considered necessary, the patient refused to undergo any further operations. Instead, radiation was administered from January 1997. An endoscopy after the completion of radiotherapy confirmed that the cancer had almost disappeared; however, it started to grow again from the beginning of 1998. He was hospitalized due to esophageal stenosis in April 1998, and died of carcinomatous cachexia in September of the same year.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 3
keywords = esophagus
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/111. Quintuple carcinomas with metachronous triple cancer of the esophagus, kidney, and colonic conduit following synchronous double cancer of the stomach and duodenum.

    A patient who had undergone radical gastrectomy for synchronous gastric cancer (T(1)N(0)M(0), stage I) and duodenal cancer (Tis, stage 0) in November 1987 was found to have esophageal cancer in November 1994, and underwent radical thoracolaparotomy at our hospital (T(1)N(0)M(0), stage I). After follow-up for about 3.5 years, renal cancer was detected in April 1998, and radical nephrectomy was performed (T(1)N(0)M(0), stage I). Two years later, in April 2000, the patient was found to have a polypoid lesion in the colonic conduit used for reconstruction after esophagectomy, and endoscopic mucosal resection was performed (Tis, stage 0). The patient remains under careful follow-up, including observation of the colonic conduit and the residual large intestine.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 2
keywords = esophagus
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Stomach Neoplasms'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.