Cases reported "Stomach Neoplasms"

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21/62. Laparoscopic resection of a huge intraluminal gastric submucosal tumor located in the anterior wall: eversion method.

    Although numerous operative approaches have been utilized for gastric submucosal tumors, laparoscopic wedge resection has been regarded as the treatment of choice in recent years. As widespread use of diagnostic endoscopy has exposed a number of gastric submucosal tumors, the laparoscopic wedge resections are being performed with increased frequency. Many reports have been published which describe the technique of laparoscopic wedge resection of gastric submucosal tumors, and by far most of them were about the techniques for masses located at the posterior wall or esophagogastric junction. Generally, wedge resection for tumors on the anterior wall is regarded as an easy procedure especially when the mass is extraluminal mass. However, when the tumor is huge and intraluminal, it is very difficult to resect without compromising the gastric lumen as wedge resection of a huge intraluminal mass in situ inevitably includes a wide portion of normal gastric wall. In this article, we describe a successfully performed laparoscopic wedge resection of a huge intraluminal gastric submucosal tumor while preserving the volume of residual stomach without compromising the gastric lumen using the Eversion method through gastrotomy made with laparoscopic ultrasound guidance.
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22/62. Bronchobiliary fistula after radiofrequency thermal ablation of hepatic tumor.

    A broad spectrum of complications can occur after radiofrequency (RF) ablation of hepatic tumors, even though it has been accepted as a safe and effective technique for unresectable hepatic tumors. Recently, the rare complication of brochobiliary fistula was encountered after RF ablation in a patient with a metastatic tumor from stomach cancer. It was assumed to have developed from collateral damage to the adjacent diaphragm and lung base as well as biloma formation at the ablation zone. Symptomatic improvement was achieved by conservative management with an external drainage catheter, but the fistula was still persistent on a 2-month follow-up image.
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23/62. bronchogenic cyst of the gastric fundus presenting as a gastrointestinal stromal tumor.

    gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) of the stomach are being recognized with increasing frequency. The diagnosis is usually made on the basis of appearance on computed tomography (CT) and excision is recommended for GIST larger than 5 cm. We report a 39-year-old woman referred for resection of a presumed GIST of the gastric fundus diagnosed by CT scan and upper gastrointestinal (UGI) series. A laparoscopic resection was performed, but upon pathologic examination the mass proved to be a bronchogenic duplication cyst of the stomach. Bronchogenic and esophageal duplication cysts usually arise in the chest or mediastinum. On rare occasions bronchogenic cysts may lose their connection to the tracheobronchial tree and migrate to a subcutaneous position in the neck or descend into the retroperitoneum. The importance of this case is that it demonstrates a rare yet essential component to the differential diagnosis of lesions of the stomach.
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24/62. The possible role of radiofrequency as complementary treatment of locally advanced gastric cancer.

    AIM: The prognosis of locally advanced gastric cancer (T3-T4) is bad. The presence of lymph nodes (N3-N4) or haematogenous metastases (liver, lung) gets worse the evolution; principally the hepatic malignancies are cause of scarce survival. The possible use of a palliative treatment as radiofrequency ablation (the good results are note about the treatment of hepatic malignancies by colo-rectal cancer) is reported in recent series. Therefore we decide to use radiofrequency ablation for the treatment of hepatic metastases by gastric cancer, difficulty treated surgically. MATERIALS AND methods: From January 2001 to December 2002, 25 patients affected by hepatic metastases underwent to radiofrequency thermal ablation, 2 of them were affected by gastric adenocarcinoma. Case 1: A.P., 58 year-old man, one year before underwent to subtotal gastric resection according to Billroth II. After repeated postoperative chemotherapy cycles, he presented metastases at IV hepatic segment. The patient underwent to percutaneous radiofrequency ablation. The control CT scan confirmed metastasis disappearance. After three months, a partial recurrence was treated by the alcoholization. Three months after, we observed marked jaundice for multiple diffused metastases, followed by the exitus. Case 2: B.G., 63 year-old man, with advanced gastric adenocarcinoma (T4) at the pylorus and hepatic metastasis at IV segment. The patient underwent to gastrojejunostomy and to intraoperative radiofrequency ablation. ultrasonography and CT scan controls were performed before discharge. The patient didn't undergo to successive controls. After 7 months, the patient returned with marked jaundice for diffused hepatic metastases; he refused any treatment, and then he died one month after. CONCLUSIONS: Our preliminary results don't show complications related to the intra and peri-operative radiofrequency, with an important increase of the mean survival. The results, limited by poor experience, may indicate the complementary role of the radiofrequency in the palliative treatment of the hepatic metastases by advanced gastric cancer, difficulty treated surgically.
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25/62. Ultrastructure and chromogranin a immunogold labelling of ECL cell carcinoids.

    Poorly differentiated neuroendocrine cells can be difficult to recognise. Sensitive methods are needed to label cells that have lost their ultrastructural features and have reduced concentrations of neuroendocrine markers. In gastric neoplasms, enterochromaffin-like cells might dedifferentiate and lose their characteristic granules and secretory vesicles, making detection of such cells increasingly difficult. However, chromogranin a (CgA) immunogold labelling could provide sensitive and specific detection of gastric neuroendocrine cells. We present ultrastructural findings, CgA immunogold labelling as well as conventional immunohistochemical findings of two human enterochromaffin-like cell carcinoids. Electron-dense granules of poorly differentiated cells were less intensely labelled than granules in well-differentiated cells. Granules with atypical shape as well as punctuate granules previously found in neuroendocrine neoplasms were also CgA labelled. The CgA labelling efficacy after antigen retrieval in an alkaline solution was higher after heating in an autoclave at 135 degrees C compared to a microwave at 100 degrees C for both granules and secretory vesicles without significant deterioration of the ultrastructure. In conclusion, the use of CgA immunogold labelling could ensure a specific classification of cells with neuroendocrine granules and be a supplement to immunohistochemical examination of poorly differentiated tumours.
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26/62. Endoscopic microwave coagulation therapy of postoperative hemorrhage from a stapled anastomosis.

    We experienced three cases of postoperative hemorrhage from a stapled gastrointestinal anastomosis, and established endoscopic microwave coagulation therapy (EMCT) with a cylinder-type electrode. We were able to treat postoperative hemorrhage over the entire circumference of stapled anastomosis successfully. Two patients had undergone a lower third thoracic esophagogastrectomy through a left thoraco-abdominal approach for gastric cancer in the cardia, while the other case had undergone Billroth I gastrectomy. They each had fresh bleeding from the stapled anastomosis after the operation. Emergency endoscopic examination was immediately performed. endoscopy revealed bleeding on the suture line. We performed hemostasis endoscopically with microwave coagulation therapy safely. They were discharged from the hospital without complications such as leakage and stenosis. Since EMCT with the cylinder-type electrode can coagulate shallowly and widely, it is very effective for hemorrhage from a stapled anastomosis.
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27/62. dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase deficiency in an Indian population.

    BACKGROUND: Dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) deficiency is prevalent in 3-5% of the Caucasian population; however, the frequency of this pharmacogenetic syndrome in the Indian population and other racial and ethnic groups remains to be elucidated. patients AND methods: We describe an Indian patient who presented to clinic for the treatment of gastric adenocarcinoma with 5-flurouracil (5-FU) therapy who subsequently was diagnosed with DPD deficiency by using the peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) DPD radioassay. This observation prompted us to examine the data generated from healthy (cancer-free) Indian subjects who were enrolled in a large population study to determine the sensitivity and specificity of the uracil breath test (UraBT) in the detection of DPD deficiency. Thirteen Indian subjects performed the UraBT. UraBT results were confirmed by PBMC DPD radioassay. RESULTS: The Indian cancer patient demonstrated reduced DPD activity (0.11 nmol/min/mg protein) and severe 5-FU toxicities commonly associated with DPD deficiency. Of the 13 Indian subjects [ten men and three women; mean age, 26 years (range: 21-31 years)] enrolled in the UraBT, 12 Indian subjects demonstrated UraBT breath profiles and PBMC DPD activity within the normal range; one Indian subject demonstrated a reduced breath profile and partial DPD deficiency. CONCLUSIONS: DPD deficiency is a pharmacogenetic syndrome which is also present in the Indian population. If undiagnosed, the DPD deficiency can lead to death. Future epidemiological studies would be helpful to determine the prevalence of DPD deficiency among racial and ethnic groups, allowing for the optimization of 5-FU chemotherapy.
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28/62. gastrointestinal stromal tumors of the stomach: two case reports.

    gastrointestinal stromal tumors, commonly known as GISTs, are non-epithelial gastrointestinal neoplasms seen with increasing frequency in clinical practice. These tumors were formerly classified as leiomyoblastomas or leiomyosarcomas. Recent advances in immunohistochemistry have identified gastrointestinal stromal tumors as a unique entity. gastrointestinal stromal tumors are unique in that these neoplasms originate from the interstitial cells of cajal, the pacemaker cells of the gastrointestinal tract. The initial events that lead to unregulated smooth muscle proliferation are unclear. Recent advances may elucidate the genetic mutations responsible. With the recent advances in cell histochemistry and gene mapping there is renewed interest in the early diagnosis and treatment of GI stromal tumors. As our understanding of GI stromal tumors improves, clinicians now must recognize GIST as a neoplasm with its own biology and treatment algorithms. The purpose of this paper is to present two cases and review recent literature to gain a better understanding of how to diagnose and treat gastrointestinal stromal tumors in clinical practice.
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29/62. Laparoscopic ultrasound-guided resection of gastric submucosal tumors.

    BACKGROUND: The laparoscopic resection of gastric stromal tumors is being performed with increased frequency. Wedge resection of anterior wall lesions is generally performed. The treatment of posterior wall lesions is still controversial. methods: We report three cases of gastric submucosal tumors treated by a laparoscopic wedge resection of the stomach. All lesions were localized anterior gastric wall by intraoperative ultrasound on the. In the first patient the resection was performed with an endoscopic stapler; in the other patients, ultrasonic coagulation in association with an intracorporeal suture has been used. RESULTS: All patients were successfully treated laparoscopically; there were no conversions to open surgery. In all cases the operative course was uneventful. The postoperative hospital stay ranged from 6 to 8 days. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that laparoscopic surgery is an adequate strategy for gastric submucosal neoplasms including gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST). Intraoperative ultrasound is very useful in the selection of the technical approach with or without the endoscopic stapler.
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30/62. Primary gastric T-cell lymphoma of suppressor-cytotoxic (CD8 ) phenotype: discordant expression of T-cell receptor subunit beta F1, CD7, and CD3 antigens.

    Primary gastric T-cell lymphomas are rare neoplasms, and all but one of the previously phenotyped cases have shown a helper-inducer phenotype. The present case is the second reported case of a primary gastric T-cell lymphoma of suppressor-cytotoxic phenotype. The tumor histology was similar to that described in some forms of node-based peripheral T-cell lymphomas. Phenotypic analysis revealed low expression of pan-T marker CD7, reduced expression of CD3, but higher density and frequency of expression of CD8 antigens that could be predicted on the basis of the pan-T markers. Natural killer cell (NK) related markers CD16, HNK-1 and NKH-1 were not expressed by the neoplastic cells. T-cell receptor (TCR) beta subunit expression was detected on fewer cells than would have been predicted on the basis of CD3 and CD8 expression, and TCR delta chain expression was undetectable.
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