Cases reported "Stomach Neoplasms"

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1/459. Molecular relationships of helicobacter pylori strains in a family with gastroduodenal disease.

    OBJECTIVE: Few studies have examined the genetic relationships of helicobacter pylori strains affecting family members. Our aim was to do so. methods: We characterized H. pylori isolates obtained from members of a single family presenting with various gastroduodenal diseases to examine H. pylori bacterial genetic similarity. Endoscopic evaluation with gastric mapping was performed on each individual to establish clinical and histological disease. Genomic dna extracted from each H. pylori isolate was used to generate dna fingerprints for each strain by REP-PCR. vacA genotypes and cagA presence were established by PCR. RESULTS: gastrointestinal diseases among the five members of this family included gastric adenocarcinoma in a 52-yr-old man (index patient), gastric MALT-lymphoma in the 73-yr-old mother; intestinal metaplasia (IV) and atrophic gastritis in the 48-yr-old brother; intestinal metaplasia (I-III) in the 47-yr-old brother, and a duodenal ulcer scar in the 42-yr-old sister. REP-PCR dna fingerprints of H. pylori isolates from the index patient, his mother, and both of his brothers were identical or highly similar. By contrast, the H. pylori dna fingerprint from the sister was markedly different from the H. pylori dna fingerprints from the other family members. All isolates had the genotype cagA-positive and vacA slb/ml mosaic genotype. CONCLUSIONS: The dna fingerprints of H. pylori strains obtained from members of this family with malignancy or premalignant histological disease were identical or highly similar and markedly different from the H. pylori dna fingerprint from the sibling with duodenal ulcer disease. All H. pylori isolates within the family possessed genetic markers of enhanced virulence (presence of the cagA gene and vacA sl/ml mosaicism). In addition to host genetics and environmental factors, these findings suggest that infection with genetically similar H. pylori strains is a significant factor in determining the clinical outcome of an infection with H. pylori.
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ranking = 1
keywords = malignancy
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2/459. Endosalpingiosis of nonmetastatic lymph nodes along the stomach in a patient with early gastric cancer: report of a case.

    We report herein the case of a 32-year-old woman who underwent distal gastrectomy with D2 lymph node dissection for gastric cancer. Microscopic examination of the resected specimen revealed signet-ring cell carcinoma of the stomach with lymph node metastases, and endosalpingiosis in the normal lymph nodes. There was no evidence of malignancy in the peritoneal cavity. To our knowledge, no other case of endosalpingiosis in the lymph nodes along the stomach has ever been reported. The possible significance of endosalpingiosis is discussed following this case report.
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ranking = 1
keywords = malignancy
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3/459. The blastic variant of mantle cell lymphoma arising in Waldeyer's tonsillar ring.

    We present three cases of blastic mantle cell lymphoma with an unusual initial manifestation in Waldeyer's ring with methods for differentiating it from other blastic neoplasms of the head and neck. All cases presented with a feeling of fullness in the area of the mass. Morphologically, the tumours were blastic with a high mitotic rate (three to nine per high power field). All were B-cell phenotype with coexpression of CD43. In all cases cyclin d1 and bcl-2 were positive and CD23 negative. Blastic mantle cell lymphoma occurring in Waldeyer's tonsillar ring may be mistaken for other high grade haematopoietic neoplasms. immunohistochemistry and awareness of this type of lymphoma are helpful in differentiating it from other neoplasms.
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ranking = 64.867060353723
keywords = neoplasm
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4/459. Combined yolk sac tumor and adenocarcinoma in a gastric stump: molecular evidence of clonality.

    BACKGROUND: Extragonadal yolk sac tumors of the gastrointestinal tract are extremely rare neoplasms. Their greater rarity compared with other extragonadal yolk sac tumors suggests that different pathogenetic mechanisms could be involved according to the site of origin. This report describes a case of a combined yolk sac tumor and adenocarcinoma that arose in a gastric stump in a man age 61 years 43 years after he underwent distal gastric resection and gastrojejunostomy (Billroth II operation) for a benign duodenal ulcer. The coexistence of an adenocarcinomatous component with the yolk sac component suggests that the two histologic patterns may represent distinct phenotypes arising from a common mucosal epithelial cell. methods: Immunohistochemical and molecular techniques were used to define the mutation pattern of p53 in both components of the tumor. RESULTS: Single-strand conformation polymorphism and sequencing analyses demonstrated the same pattern of p53 mutation in the adenocarcinomatous and yolk sac tumor components. CONCLUSIONS: This finding suggests that the two tumors could have been derived from the same cellular clone and supports the hypothesis that the two components represented a heterogeneous differentiation of the same tumor.
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ranking = 21.622353451241
keywords = neoplasm
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5/459. Antiepiligrin (laminin 5) cicatricial pemphigoid associated with an underlying gastric carcinoma producing laminin 5.

    Although bullous pemphigoid and cicatricial pemphigoid are sometimes associated with malignancy, it remains uncertain whether such an association is pathogenetically related or just a coincidence attributable to the advanced age of the patients. We report a 61-year-old patient with antiepiligrin (laminin 5) cicatricial pemphigoid (AeCP) associated with an advanced gastric carcinoma. The gastric carcinoma cells in this patient were shown to produce laminin 5 by immunofluorescence microscopy, and the patient's serum contained autoantibodies directed against laminin 5 on immunoprecipitation. Furthermore, the blistering symptoms and the titre of antibasement membrane zone antibodies coordinately changed with the resection and subsequent relapse of the gastric cancer. These observations suggest that the gastric carcinoma producing laminin 5 may have induced the production of autoantibodies to this laminin, which were pathogenic to the skin and mucous membranes in this patient. This report demonstrates a link between this autoimmune subepithelial blistering disease and malignancy. It is of interest and potential great importance to examine other cases of AeCP for such a potential association.
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ranking = 2
keywords = malignancy
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6/459. Endobronchial metastasis from stomach cancer.

    A young woman presented with a dry cough present during the previous 4 weeks. A chest radiograph demonstrated diffuse interstitial infiltration in both lower lung fields. Fibreoptic bronchoscopic examination revealed multiple 2-3 mm elevated nodules on the bronchial surface and a mucosal biopsy showed extensive subepithelial infiltration of poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma without definite precancerous alteration in the overlying epithelium. Studies for the evaluation of primary tumour focus were performed. Oesophagogastroduodenoscopy showed advanced gastric cancer of Borrmann type III, and mucosal biopsy of the stomach showed poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma. The patient was treated three times with systemic chemotherapy, but her condition deteriorated. Three months after diagnosis, she died of complicated pneumonia. This is a rare case of endobronchial metastasis from stomach cancer. The stomach is an unusual site of endobronchial metastasis from extrathoracic primary malignancy.
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ranking = 1
keywords = malignancy
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7/459. Ofuji's papuloerythroderma. An association with early gastric cancer.

    A case of Ofuji's papuloerythroderma in an 88-old man, affected by early gastric cancer, is reported. The association noticed in our case with early visceral malignancy is the starting point for the consideration of pathological relationships, nosological and prognostic evaluations in regard to this rare dermatosis which is distinctive of elderly people, and underlines the importance of a long-term follow-up of these patients.
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ranking = 1
keywords = malignancy
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8/459. Gastric carcinoma with osteoclast-like giant cells.

    Extraskeletal neoplasms with osteoclast-like giant cells are uncommon. These tumors are most frequently reported in the breast and pancreas, and are relatively rare in other sites. We report a case of primary gastric adenocarcinoma with an infiltrate of osteoclast-like giant cells. The patient is a 64-yr-old black woman who presented with epigastric pain and was found to have a mass in the gastric antrum. Histological examination showed a poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma with an infiltrate of osteoclast-like giant cells. The giant cells were present both in the primary gastric adenocarcinoma and in the lymph node metastases. Immunohistochemical stains demonstrated that the giant cells were of monocytic/histiocytic origin and probably represent a distinctive host response to the tumor. The patient is alive and well 12 months after resection. This is the second published report of gastric carcinoma with osteoclast-like giant cells. Based on this limited experience, gastric carcinoma with osteoclast-like giant cells may represent a distinct clinicopathological entity with a more favorable prognosis.
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ranking = 21.622353451241
keywords = neoplasm
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9/459. Natural killer-like T-cell lymphoma of the stomach.

    We report the case of a 69-year-old white woman who developed a natural killer (NK)-like T-cell lymphoma involving primarily the stomach. The tumour consisted of large and pleomorphic lymphocytes infiltrating the gastric mucosa. immunohistochemistry performed on paraffin sections showed the neoplastic cells to be CD3 , CD5-, CD8-, CD43 , CD45RO , and CD57 . In addition, these cells also expressed HLA-DR, granzyme B, and, to a lesser extent, the CD30 activation marker. No pathologic features suggesting helicobacter pylori, Epstein-Barr virus infection, or lymphocytic gastritis were found within adjacent normal mucosa. The patient had no previous history of coeliac disease, and her serology for H. pylori was negative. Since lymphomas are usually considered the neoplastic counterpart of normal lymphocytic subsets, it is possible that in this case the tumour cells originate from a distinct cytotoxic T-cell population normally present within the gastric mucosa. The pathogenesis of this highly unusual neoplasm, however, remains a mystery.
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ranking = 21.622353451241
keywords = neoplasm
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10/459. Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma with extensive sarcomatous change: report of a case.

    A 77-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with severe upper abdominal pain. ultrasonography showed a well-defined hypoechoic mass with heterogeneity in the left lobe of the liver, and computed tomography demonstrated a low-density mass with enhanced peripheral areas. magnetic resonance imaging revealed a mass with iso- to low signal intensity on T1-weighted images (WI) and heterogeneous high and low signal intensity on T2 WI. The tumor was found to be hypovascular by angiography. During 5 months of observation, the tumor increased in size, which strongly suggested malignancy. A laparotomy was performed under the provisional diagnosis of a neoplasm other than hepatocellular carcinoma, revealing that the hepatic mass had invaded the gastric wall. Therefore, a left hepatic lobectomy with dissection of the lymph nodes and hemigastrectomy was carried out. Histologically, the tumor was found to be composed of a large amount of sarcomatous elements and a small amount of adenocarcinomatous elements, both of which were partly intermingled. Immunohistochemically, the sarcomatous element demonstrated the features of malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH). Thus, a diagnosis of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma with MFH-like sarcomatous change was confirmed.
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ranking = 22.622353451241
keywords = neoplasm, malignancy
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