Cases reported "Stomatitis, Aphthous"

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1/110. Identification of connexins in human oral mucosa and therapeutic effect of irsogladine maleate on aphthous stomatitis.

    We identified connexins 26 and 32 in human oral mucosa. The presence of the connexins indicates the presence of gap junctions in this tissue. However, immunofluorescence study found no significant differences in the expression of the connexins between patients with aphthons stomatitis and controls. Irsogladine maleate, which reinforces gap junctional intercellular communication in vitro, was effective for the treatment of transient and relapsing aphthous stomatitis, as well as symptomatic and drug-induced aphthous stomatitis. It was also useful for prevention of episodes of relapsing aphthous stomatitis, with daily administration preverting recurrence of stomatitis for more than 4 years one patient. These findings suggest that irsogladine maleate accelerates the wound healing process in oral mucosa by reinforcing gap junctional intercellular communication among oral mucosal cells; and that it is useful for the treatment and prevention of aphthous stomatitis. ( info)

2/110. An adult case with an abnormal right ventricular structure causing intraventricular pressure gradient and a history of aphthous stomatitis and thrombophlebitis.

    We report a 50-year-old man with a right ventricular structure causing an intraventricular pressure gradient. He had been diagnosed as vasculo-Behcet with a history of aphthous stomatitis and thrombophlebitis. He had also been suffering from atrial flutter and mild right-side heart failure. echocardiography showed that there was an abnormal structure attached to the right ventricular free wall and protruding into the cavity, and that it caused the pressure gradient estimated to be approximately 19 mmHg. Chest X-ray computed tomography demonstrated that the structure was partially calcified. magnetic resonance imaging depicted the structure separating the right ventricle into two chambers. Angiographic study revealed a markedly enlarged right atrium and a filling defect at the mid-portion of the right ventricle, which divided the right ventricular cavity into two parts. Hemodynamic study showed a slightly elevated right atrial pressure (mean 7 mmHg) and a peak-to-peak intraventricular pressure difference of 18 mmHg in the right ventricle. The diastolic pressure tracing of the right ventricular low pressure chamber showed a 'dip and plateau' pattern. Although the pathological features of the abnormal right ventricular structure in this case were not fully clarified, abnormal muscle bundle and/or endocardial fibrosis, which were reported to be associated with Behcet's disease, may have contributed to its generation. ( info)

3/110. Oral changes in Crohn's disease.

    Oral lesions in patients with Crohn's disease may be characteristic granulomatous lesions, secondary results of deficiency conditions, or coincidental lesions. Thorough investigations are necessary to rule out involvement of the gut in the disease process. If results fail to substantiate a diagnosis of Crohn's disease, regular follow-up examinations are necessary to detect possible later development of the disorder. ( info)

4/110. Complete dentures and the associated soft tissues.

    Some of the conditions of the soft tissues related to complete dentures encountered during a period of 25 years at a university clinic were presented and discussed from the standpoint of the clinical prosthodontist. During this time, over 1,000 denture patients were treated each year. For some conditions, a method of management was offered with treatment by sound prosthodontic principles rather than unneccessary medication. That denture fabrication involves much more than mere mechanical procedures is an understatement. Complete dentures are foreign objects in the oral cavity that are accepted and tolerated by the tissue to a degree that is surprising. As prosthodontists, we can gain satisfaction from the realization that the incidence of oral cancer due to dentures is less than extremely low. At the same time, we must be ever mindful of the statement by Sheppard and associates. "Complete dentures are not the innocuous devices we often think they are." Every dentist must remember that one of his greatest missions is to serve as a detection agency for cancer. The information discussed indicates (1) the need for careful examination of the mouth, (2) the value of a rest period of 8 hours every day for the supporting tissues, and (3) the importance of regular recall visits for denture patients. Robinson stated that while the dental laboratory technician can be trained to aid the dentist in the fabrication of prosthetic devices, his lack of knowledge of reactions and diseases of the oral tissues limits him to an auxiliary role. Complete prosthodontics is a highly specialized health service that greatly affects the health, welfare, and well-being of the patient. It can be rendered only by the true professional who is educated in the biomedical sciences. ( info)

5/110. The advantages of MRI and MRA for diagnosing Behcet's disease and internal jugular vein thrombosis.

    Behcet's disease is a multisystem disorder characterized by recurrent aphtous ulcers of mucosal membranes, skin lesions, and vasculitis. The prevalence of vascular involvement is about 25% and this is the leading cause of death in Behcet's disease. Jugular vein involvement is an unusual manifestation of Behcet's disease. Medical insertion of needles into veins or arteries can induce thrombosis or aneurysms. Thus, diagnostic studies or therapy can aggravate the disease and even be fatal. We report a patient with Behcet's disease and rare internal jugular vein thrombosis. We also demonstrate the ability of noninvasive magnetic resonance imaging and magnetic resonance angiography to aid in the diagnosis and evaluation of vascular involvement in Behcet's disease, without risking iatrogenic complications. ( info)

6/110. Periodic fever and pharyngitis in young children: a new disease for the otolaryngologist?

    OBJECTIVE: A clinical entity consisting of periodic fever associated with aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and cervical adenitis termed "PFAPA syndrome" in young children (<5 years old) may be unfamiliar to otolaryngologists. We present our 5-year experience of PFAPA syndrome. DESIGN: Case series. SETTING: Tertiary academic. patients: A 5-year retrospective chart review for children (<5 years old) who have undergone tonsillectomies with and without adenoidectomies was conducted. medical records from subjects who underwent the procedures for recurrent pharyngitis were reviewed with reference to a history of periodic fever and stomatitis associated with pharyngitis. INTERVENTIONS: tonsillectomy with and without adenoidectomy. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: The objective measure was a comparison of the number of visits to the primary care physician for pharyngitis associated with fever in a 3-month period before and after the surgical intervention. The subjective measure was a telephone interview evaluating preoperative and postoperative symptoms. RESULTS: Of the 117 patients identified, 22 (19%) underwent surgery for recurrent pharyngitis. Five subjects (average age, 2.5 years) were identified as having PFAPA syndrome. The average number of preoperative PFAPA-related complaints was 11.6 compared with 0.2 for the number of postoperative PFAPA-related complaints (P=.03). CONCLUSIONS: Our experience suggests that PFAPA syndrome is an uncommon disease. Most of these children have undergone workup(s) for sepsis performed by their pediatricians because of the associated high fever. The clinical history of this cohort was quite distinctive. This small sample suggests a significant decrease if not cessation of pharyngitis following surgical intervention. ( info)

7/110. Oral mucosal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma--a dangerous mimic.

    Reports of T-cell lymphomas in the oral cavity are rare. Most have presented as a persisting ulcerated swelling. This paper reports two men, one of whom presented with a short history of increasing facial swelling and pain apparently related to a lower premolar tooth, and the other who had recurrent oral ulceration in several sites over a period of years. These types of cases are likely to present initially to general dental practitioners. ( info)

8/110. Cardiac and great vessel thrombosis in Behcet's disease.

    Behcet's disease (BD) is a chronic relapsing systemic vasculitis in which orogenital ulceration is a prominent feature. The disease affects many systems and causes hypercoagulability. We present a 27-year-old male patient who exhibited widespread great vessel thrombosis including right atrial and ventricular thrombi in the setting of right-sided infectious endocarditis and orogenital aphthous ulcerations and erythema nodosum due to BD. We reviewed the enigmatic prothrombotic state of BD, and discuss our prior experiences in this field. ( info)

9/110. PFAPA syndrome (Periodic fever, Aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, Adenitis).

    This paper aims to remind paediatric clinicians to suspect and confirm 'PFAPA' syndrome (Periodic fever, Aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and cervical Adenitis syndrome). We report two cases of PFAPA syndrome: a 3-year-old healthy boy with atopic rhinitis and a boy aged 8 years 5 months who simultaneously had lymphocytic vasculitis syndrome treated with immunosuppressive drugs. Both met Marshall's criteria. The literature regarding PFAPA syndrome was complied using a medline search for articles published between 1963 and 1998 and we then reviewed the reference lists of the articles. The medline search revealed 28 cases with available clinical manifestations, management and prognosis. Our study describes two additional cases. We divided the cases into typical (28 cases) and atypical (two cases) PFAPA syndrome. In typical PFAPA, the age of onset was less than 5 years in most cases and the patients presented 4.9 /- 1.4 days of fever (100%), pharyngitis (89.3%), cervical adenitis (72.1%), stomatitis (71.4%), malaise (64.3%), headache (60.7%), abdominal pain (53.6%) and nausea/vomiting (17.9%). Afebrile intervals were 3.2 /- 2.4 months and increased with age. The time from initial onset to final episode was 3 years 7 months /- 3 years 6 months. The total number of episodes was 8.3 /- 2.5 (range 6-14). Effective treatment included steroids, tonsillectomy/adenoidectomy and cimetidine. The general outcome was good. In atypical PFAPF, the clinical manifestations were similar to those of typical PFAPA except that the age of onset was more than 5 years, and life-threatening intestinal perforation happened once in a patient with underlying Fanconi's anaemia. It was concluded that typical PFAPA syndrome is benign and can be diagnosed by detailed history-taking and from physical findings during repeated febrile episodes with tests to rule out other periodic fever syndromes. A review of the literatures since the first report in 1987 has shown that typical PFAPA syndrome is not associated with significant long-term sequelae and has a good response to steroids. One patient with atypical PFAPA, who received low-dose steroids for over 1 year, developed intestinal perforation after an increment of the 7-day steroid dose. If an underlying problem requires long-term immunosuppressive medication, it is wiser to choose cimetidine rather than increasing the steroid dosage to resolve atypical PFAPA. ( info)

10/110. A recurrent aphthous stomatitis case due to paediatric Behcet's disease.

    Behcet's disease is a rare condition in children and characterized by a triad of recurrent aphthous stomatitis, genital ulceration and uveitis. The aetiology is unknown, but systemic vasculitis is the main pathology. The oral lesions resemble Sutton disease, which is another form of recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) that composes approximately 10 per cent of cases and is known as major aphthous stomatitis, can easily be overlooked if the other symptoms are not questioned. We presented a 12-year-old girl with the initial complaint of recurrent aphthous stomatitis. During the follow-up period, we observed the other cardinal signs of the Behcet's disease. ( info)
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