Cases reported "Stomatitis"

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1/213. Pyodermatitis-pyostomatitis vegetans: report of a case and review of the literature.

    Pyodermatitis-pyostomatitis vegetans is a benign, rare disorder characterized by a pustular eruption in the oral mucosa and vegetating plaques involving the groin and axillary folds. Its association with inflammatory bowel disease is well established. We report the case of a 49-year-old-white man with ulcerative colitis who manifested a vegetating, annular plaque in the left inguinal region of 2 months' duration. Oral examination disclosed an erythematous mucosa with multiple painful pustules involving the labial and gingival mucosa. Histopathologic study demonstrated epidermal hyperplasia and an inflammatory infiltrate composed mostly of neutrophils and eosinophils, grouped into microabscesses within the epidermis and with a bandlike configuration in the upper dermis. Results of direct and indirect immunofluorescence studies were negative. We discuss the differential diagnosis between pyodermatitis-pyostomatitis vegetans and pemphigus vegetans. ( info)

2/213. Pyostomatitis vegetans associated with asymptomatic ulcerative colitis: a case report.

    Pyostomatitis vegetans, a rare pustular disorder of the oral mucosa, is a highly specific marker for inflammatory bowel disease and may be difficult to treat. A case of pyostomatitis vegetans in a patient with long-standing asymptomatic ulcerative colitis is presented. Complete remission was achieved with topical steroids; no systemic treatment was required. ( info)

3/213. Tissue necrosis after subgingival irrigation with fluoride solution.

    Irrigation of periodontal pockets with fluoride solution after scaling and root planing is occasionally recommended to inhibit the growth of pathogenic bacteria in the periodontal pocket. At the same time, irrigation enables mechanical removal of loosely adhering plaque and debris. Due to its toxicity, fluoride solution deposited in the periodontium may lead to tissue damage. We report in this paper, a case of extensive periodontal tissue necrosis and permanent loss of alveolar bone after irrigation of periodontal pockets with stannous fluoride solution. The literature on the toxic effects of fluoride on the local tissues is briefly reviewed and arguments for a re-evaluation of the use of stannous fluoride for pocket irrigation are provided. ( info)

4/213. Plasma cell mucositis: a review and case report.

    The simultaneous involvement of the mucous membranes of the oral cavity and upper aerodigestive tract by lesions characterised clinically by an intensely erythematous, lobulated surface and histologically by a dense connective tissue infiltrate composed of non-neoplastic plasma cells may be called plasma cell mucositis. We present a review of the literature, consisting of 14 cases, outlining the multifocal site distribution, chronicity and systemic background that distinguish this entity and report a single case with confirmation of the polyclonal nature of the plasma cell infiltrate using gene rearrangement studies. ( info)

5/213. Control of severe systemic lupus erythematosus after high-dose immunusuppressive therapy and transplantation of CD34 purified autologous stem cells from peripheral blood.

    A 35 y old woman with severe and progressive systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) received high-dose chemotherapy followed by a T cell depleted autologous stem cell transplantation. Peripheral blood stem cell were mobilised with cyclophosphamide 4.5 g/m2 followed by Granulocyte-Colony Stimulating Factor (G-CSF). A CD34 positive selection provided a 3 log T cell depletion. High-dose immunosuppression consisted of the BEAM regimen. The purified autograft was reinfused on day 0. In the post transplant period, hemopoietic growth factors, G-CSF, Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony Stimulating Factor (GM-CSF) and erythropoietin, were administered, engraftment was rapid. Both the mobilisation and the transplant procedures were easily performed and well tolerated. One year later, the patient is in clinical remission. The ANA and anti-SSA-antibodies were undetectable at 1 and 6 months after intensification, but reappeared at low levels at 9 months. Corticosteroid requirement has gradually decreased. In conclusion, we report here the favourable evolution of a patient with a severe SLE, who clinically improved with high-dose immunosuppressive therapy and autologous stem cell transplantation, and showed a 9 month serological remission. ( info)

6/213. Factors contributing to adverse soft tissue reactions due to the use of tartar control toothpastes: report of a case and literature review.

    Tetrasodium and/or tetrapotassium pyrophosphate (Ppi) is the anticalculus component of most tartar control dentifrices on the market today. While pyrophosphates alone are not responsible for hypersensitivity reactions, several modifications which may lead to adverse oral manifestations may occur when pyrophosphates are added to a dentifrice. First, tetrasodium pyrophosphate in a dentifrice forms a slightly alkaline solution upon oral use which could irritate oral membranes. Second, increased concentrations of flavoring agents, known to be sensitizers, are needed to mask the strong bitter taste of pyrophosphates. Third, increased concentrations of detergents, capable of producing hypersensitivity reactions, are necessary to allow the pyrophosphates to become soluble in the dentifrice. Fourth, a pre-existing condition of reduced salivary flow may augment hypersensitivity to tartar control toothpastes. While pyrophosphates have been approved as additives in dentifrices, these compounds along with the increased concentrations of flavorings and detergents and their higher intraoral alkalinity are strongly implicated as the causative factor in certain hypersensitivity reactions. ( info)

7/213. lip adhesion: an unusual complication of erythema multiforme.

    The purpose of this article is to report a case of lip adhesion as a complication of erythema multiforme in an 8-year-old child. This is the second reported case of this complication of oral ulceration associated with erythema multiforme. ( info)

8/213. Felty's syndrome.

    The clinical and pathologic findings of Felty's syndrome are discussed. A case is presented which demonstrates the nonspecific inflammatory oral lesions commonly seen with this syndrome. The role of the dentist in relating these nonspecific lesions to the basic disease process is emphasized. ( info)

9/213. Uremic stomatitis: report of a case.

    A case report has been presented demonstrating the influence of chronic renal failure in the development of oral disease. Uremic stomatitis is a disease entity that requires both local and systemic therapy. The primary emphasis is directed toward the correction of the systemic pathology for proper resolution of the oral condition. ( info)

10/213. High dose rate microselectron mould ratiotherapy of a widespread superficial oral cancer.

    Treatment of a case of widespread superficial oral squamous cell carcinoma with external beam irradiation, followed by high dose rate Microselectron mould radiotherapy, is reported. The tumor disappeared macroscopically after treatment, but there was infield recurrence in the buccogingival sulcus where the radiation dose might have been inadequate. Apart from some radiation mucositis within the treated area, edema and a superficial ulcer were observed in the tongue. These were considered to be due to radiation overdose. Although there is room for improvement, this mode of treatment has something to offer patients with hard-to-cure cancer. ( info)
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