Cases reported "Streptococcal Infections"

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1/382. brain abscess caused by streptococcus intermedius: two case reports.

    BACKGROUND: Although streptococcus intermedius has been recognized as an important pathogen for abscess formation outside the central nervous system, the streptococcus milleri group, of which it is a member, has not been recognized as a specific pathogen for brain abscess, often thought to be caused by Streptococcus viridans, which includes other streptococcal species. CASE DESCRIPTION: Two cases of brain abscess in the left frontal lobe caused by S. intermedius, which responded well to antimicrobial treatment combined with needle aspiration, are presented. In the first patient, the predisposing disease was paranasal sinusitis of the frontal and ethmoid sinuses. In the second patient, the source of the pathogen was not detected despite extensive examination. The patients underwent aspiration of pus under ultrasound guidance in the first patient, and via a computed tomography-guided stereotactic procedure in the second patient. They subsequently received appropriate antimicrobial therapy against S. intermedius isolated from the pus culture. Both patients were discharged without any neurological deficits. CONCLUSION: It is important to recognize S. intermedius as a pathogen of brain abscess, and to be aware of its predisposing factors, i.e., mucosal disturbance and liver abscess.
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2/382. Retained fecalith after laparoscopic appendectomy.

    An intraabdominal abscess developed from a retained fecalith following laparoscopic appendectomy. We discuss the prevention and management of retained fecaliths in light of the numerous reports of retained gallstones.
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3/382. Palinopsia with bacterial brain abscess and noonan syndrome.

    Though positive visual symptoms can be psychological in nature, or can result from a perceptive or anxious patients recognizing optical principals in the eye itself, this case illustrates how a thorough history is required to delineate those rarer signs which accompany serious macular or neuro-ophthalmic pathology.
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4/382. Conservative management of delayed suprapubic abscess after laparoscopic Burch colposuspension using nonabsorbable polypropylene mesh.

    To our knowledge, abscess formation after laparoscopic Burch colposuspension using permanent surgical mesh has not been previously reported. In our patient a suprapubic abscess was identified 4 weeks after the procedure in which polypropylene mesh was used. Conservative management involving drainage under computerized tomographic guidance and antibiotic therapy resulted in complete resolution without necessitating removal of the mesh. (J Am Assoc Gynecol Laparosc 6(2):225-228, 1999)
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5/382. shoulder girdle abscess due to streptococcus agalactiae complicating esophageal dilation.

    bacteremia can result very unusually in significant complications after esophageal dilation. Procedure-related mucosal trauma may be a determinant, whereas pathogenic bacteria primarily originate from the patient's oropharyngeal flora. We describe an unusual case of streptococcus agalactiae bacteremia and shoulder girdle abscess complicating esophageal bougienage. Consideration of specific risk factors and use of scrupulous procedural technique are warranted and will likely reduce pyogenic sequelae.
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6/382. Treatment of skin and soft tissue infections with cefadroxil, a new oral cephalosporin.

    Oral cefadroxil in doses of 0-6-1-8 g per day given on twice or three times daily schedules was effective in the treatment of thirty-six patients with infections such as abscesses, carbuncles, cellulitis, furunculosis and impetigo. staphylococcus aureus strains and beta-haemolytic streptococci, alone or in combination, were cultured from lesions before treatment. in vitro studies with test discs showed that all the organisms were sensitive to cefadroxil, but twenty-three of twenty-nine S aureus strains and one of the seven streptococci strains were resistant to penicillin g. Pre- and post-treatment laboratory tests of renal, hepatic and haematopoietic functions produced no evidence of drug toxicity. The cefadroxil dosage effective in this study is lower than that recommended for currently available oral cephalosporins, which must be given on a four times daily schedule.
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7/382. Superolateral subperiosteal orbital abscess complicating sinusitis in a child.

    Orbital complications of sinusitis in children generally occur as a consequence of ethmoid sinusitis due to preferential spread across the lamina papyracea. A case is presented of a subperiosteal abscess (SPA) in the superolateral orbital wall complicating frontal sinusitis in a 6-year-old female. Congenital bony dehiscences exist in the lateral floor of the frontal sinus, which may allow direct spread of infection through to that region. While the general principles of managing orbital complications of sinusitis are applicable, the surgical approach for a SPA complicating frontal sinusitis differs from that of the typical medial SPA, and the clinician should be mindful of this variation when planning surgical treatment.
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8/382. Streptococcus milleri infection and pericardial abscess associated with esophageal carcinoma: report of two cases.

    We report 2 cases of esophageal carcinoma with esophago-mediastinal fistula that developed pericardial abscess due to streptococcus intermedius infection. streptococcus intermedius, a generally harmless commensals in healthy humans, is not usually associated with infections of the oral cavity but may account for non-oral purulent infections. This report, however, highlights that streptococcus intermedius infection can be life-threatening for some patients such as those with esophageal carcinoma with fistula.
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9/382. Group A streptococcal brain abscess.

    A 48-y-old woman with an acute Group A streptococcal brain abscess is described. The abscess enlarged rapidly with neurological deterioration and required open drainage and excision. The patient was treated with antibiotics for 6 weeks and recovered completely. Group A streptococcus is a rare cause of brain abscess in the antibiotic era and may require urgent neurosurgical intervention.
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10/382. Descending necrotizing mediastinitis: report of a case.

    A 47-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for treatment of an odontogenic infection. He presented with a fever, signs of sepsis, and neck swelling, and was initially diagnosed as having a neck abscess. After cervical drainage, he showed no improvement, and mediastinitis was detected by chest X-ray and computed tomography. A thoracotomy and mediastinal drainage was subsequently performed for descending necrotizing mediastinitis, which resulted in marked improvement. To date, only 83 cases of descending necrotizing mediastinitis have been reported in japan. We present herein an additional case, followed by a review of the Japanese literature.
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