Cases reported "Subcutaneous Emphysema"

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1/5. Spontaneous pneumomediastinum with alteration in voice.

    A case of spontaneous pneumomediastinum, with symptoms restricted to the neck is presented. The clinical details and complications are described.
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ranking = 1
keywords = voice
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2/5. An unusual complication following tracheo-esophageal puncture for alaryngeal voice restoration.

    A laryngectomized patient who developed massive subcutaneous emphysema, pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum, and esophageal fistula with a retroesophageal collection following the creation of a tracheo-esophageal fistula for alaryngeal voice restoration is presented, together with its management. A review of the literature is made, and possible causes of the three complications are discussed.
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ranking = 1.25
keywords = voice
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3/5. status asthmaticus. Management of status asthmaticus complicated by surgical emphysema--avoidance of intermittent positive pressure ventilation.

    The management of a case of status asthmaticus complicated by surgical emphysema is described. In view of voice changes, intubation was necessary but intermittent positive pressure ventilation was considered unwise, because of the surgical emphysema. A means of maintaining adequate sedation in an intubated patient whilst allowing spontaneous respiration is outlined.
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ranking = 0.25
keywords = voice
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4/5. Pneumomediastinum and subcutaneous emphysema following vaginal delivery. Case report and review of the literature.

    A 23-year-old woman, gravida 1, para 0, at 42 weeks of pregnancy gave birth to a healthy female infant without complications except for a 4th-degree tear. Three hours after delivery, her voice was noted to have an unusual nasal quality, she complained of chest pain, and she developed extensive swelling of the neck and upper throat.
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ranking = 0.25
keywords = voice
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5/5. Spontaneous subcutaneous emphysema of the neck and mediastinum.

    An unusual case of spontaneous subcutaneous emphysema and pneumomediastinum presumably caused by a laryngeal or hypopharyngeal tear during excessive phonation is presented. The patient was treated conservatively after a careful search for any causative factors. observation, with parenteral ailimentation, intravenous antibiotics, and voice rest, is advocated for most cases. tracheostomy and open repair or mediastinotomy are reserved for the unusually severe or unresolving case.
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ranking = 0.25
keywords = voice
(Clic here for more details about this article)


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