Cases reported "Subphrenic Abscess"

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1/6. Bronchoperitoneal fistula secondary to chronic klebsiella pneumoniae subphrenic abscess.

    We treated a case of bronchoperitoneal fistula secondary to a klebsiella pneumoniae subphrenic abscess. This fistulous communication and the surgical procedure used to treat it are described.
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2/6. Sonographic diagnosis of a small fistulous communication between a subphrenic abscess and a perforated duodenal ulcer.

    We report a case of a fistula between a subphrenic abscess and a perforated duodenal ulcer diagnosed by sonography and confirmed by CT. The sonographic findings included a subphrenic fluid collection connected to the anterior aspect of the superior duodenum by a nonpulsatile, anechoic tubular lesion. Manual compression of the upper epigastrium resulted in movement of echogenic debris from the antrum and superior duodenum through the fistulous tract into the abscess.
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3/6. Gastropleural fistula originating from the lesser curve: a recognised complication, an uncommon pathway of communication.

    Fistulous communications between the abdominal and the pleural cavity are rare; they implicate intra-abdominal sepsis. We present a rare case of subphrenic abscess following gastric perforation, which resulted in thoracic empyema. This report emphasises that gastropleural fistulas, although uncommon, should be considered in differential diagnoses of thoracic empyema, especially when there is a longstanding history of peptic ulceration.
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4/6. Percutaneous radiographically guided catheter drainage of abdominal abscesses.

    We performed computed body tomography and ultrasound-guided percutaneous catheter drainage in 45 cases of abdominal abscess. Evacuation of the cavity was achieved in 40 cases (89%), eliminating the need for surgery in 34 patients. There were six recurrent abscesses, all due to fistulous communications or recurrent infected tumor. Major complications were a lacerated mesenteric vessel and a small-bowel fistula. drainage catheters were removed an average of seven days after insertion. In many cases, guided percutaneous radiological drainage is an effective alternative to operative therapy, especially in severely ill patients.
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5/6. Bronchobiliary and bronchopleural fistulas.

    In the course of treating approximately 2,000 patients with postoperative stricture of the bile duct, 16 bronchopleural and bronchobiliary fistulas were encountered. Three patients have been seen in the past year. This has prompted a review of our experience since it was previously recorded in 1955. Fistulous complications of obstructive biliary tract disease take three forms: (1) massive fulminating biliary empyema; (2) acute necrotizing bile bronchiolitis and pneumonia when pleural symphysis exists; and (3) a more indolent, chronic, recurring form of bronchobiliary communication. We have learned that transdiaphragmatic perforation occurs at a certain characteristic location in the diaphragm. An understanding of the pathological anatomy and pathogenesis has provided a specific and sequential mode of surgical treatment. When this has been adhered to strictly, cure has resulted.
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6/6. Bare area abscess: imaging findings and potential communication with the mediastinum.

    The bare area of the liver is not usually visualized by standard cross-sectional imaging techniques except in patients with ascites or subphrenic collections where this area is spared of fluid. We present a case of an abscess in the bare area of the liver with imaging findings and demonstration of a communication with the mediastinum, not previously described.
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