Cases reported "Supratentorial Neoplasms"

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1/120. Multiple postoperative intracerebral haematomas remote from the site of craniotomy.

    A postoperative haemorrhage is a common and serious complication of a neurosurgical procedure. It usually occurs at the site of the surgery, but on occasion a postoperative haematoma is found at a distance from the previous craniotomy. Multiple postoperative haemorrhages are extremely rare. We report the case of a 63-year-old woman, operated on for the removal of a supratentorial astrocytoma, who developed in the early post-operative period multiple bilateral intracerebral haematomas without involvement of the surgical bed. ( info)

2/120. Isolated oculomotor nerve palsy: an unusual presentation of glioblastoma multiforme. Case report and review of the literature.

    The authors present a case of a very unusual clinical presentation of an intra-axial supratentorial glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) in a 63 year old diabetic female patient presenting with a three week history of left progressive complete oculomotor nerve palsy. CT scan and magnetic resonance imaging of the head revealed a left intra-axial mesial temporal glioblastoma multiforme. Operative resection and microscopic examination of a tissue specimen confirmed the diagnosis. The nature of the tumor, the pattern of spread and the postulated mechanisms of such a presentation are discussed. The authors suggest including the diagnosis of GBM in the differential diagnosis of patients with isolated complete oculomotor nerve palsy at the appropriate age group. ( info)

3/120. Falcotentorial plasmacytoma. Case report.

    Intracranial solitary plasmacytomas are extremely rare tumors and are often misdiagnosed preoperatively. The authors report the successful treatment of a patient who harbored such a tumor involving both the falx and tentorium; this is the second case reported. A 59-year-old woman suffered from a seizure disorder due to a falcotentorial lesion, which had been identified 3 years earlier and was thought at the time to be an en plaque meningioma. Most recently, the patient presented with symptoms of increased intracranial pressure and hemiparesis. Computerized tomography and magnetic resonance imaging of her head revealed progressive growth of the tumor. The patient underwent partial resection of the tumor and chemo- and radiation therapies. Intracranial plasmacytomas must always be included in a differential diagnosis because potential complete cure can be achieved using fairly conservative treatment modalities. ( info)

4/120. Secondary supratentorial anaplastic astrocytoma following treatment of medulloblastoma.

    The development of secondary tumours is a rare but well known late effect of radiation therapy of lesions in the central nervous system. Most radiation-induced tumours are of mesenchymal origin, but on rare occasions gliomas can occur. We describe a patient in whom a supratentorial anaplastic astrocytoma developed 15 years after surgery and radiotherapy for a childhood posterior fossa medulloblastoma. A concise review of the pertinent literature is given. ( info)

5/120. Oral contraceptives: a cause of hyperbilirubinemia in stem cell transplant patients.

    Conjugated hyperbilirubinemia in the clinical setting of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation can have multiple etiologies that may prompt various therapeutic interventions. Two patients who received short courses of a high-dose estrogen-progesterone combination to treat breakthrough menstrual bleeding during transplant are reported. Conjugated hyperbilirubinemia developed in both patients within days of beginning therapy and resolved after the ethinyl estradiol and norgestrel (Ovral; Pharmacia and Upjohn, Kalamazoo, MI, U.S.A.) was discontinued. In one of the patients, this occurred on three separate occasions during the course of transplantation. Recognizing the cholestatic effect of estrogens during transplantation may prevent unnecessary alterations in therapy beyond the simple discontinuation of these medications. ( info)

6/120. Temporal dermoid cyst with a partial dermal sinus tract.

    BACKGROUND: Cranial dermal sinuses are rare and occur most frequently in the posterior fossa and along the midline. Likewise, supratentorial dermoid cysts are very uncommon. METHOD: We report a unique case of an adult female patient with both a supratentorial dermoid cyst and an incomplete dermal sinus tract. RESULTS: The patient is a 31-year-old female, who presented with a new onset complex partial seizure. neuroimaging and surgery revealed a right superior temporal dermoid cyst with an associated dermal sinus tract. Furthermore, the dermal sinus tract was incomplete and had no cutaneous manifestations. CONCLUSION: We present a rare patient with an off midline supratentorial dermoid cyst associated with a uniquely incomplete cranial dermal sinus tract. The dermal sinus tract involved the bone, dura and intradural compartment, without involving the overlying skin. This represents a novel variant in the spectrum of cranial dermal sinus abnormalities. ( info)

7/120. Use of a portable CT scanner during resection of subcortical supratentorial astrocytomas of childhood.

    The development of intraoperative imaging has made it possible to visualize shifting brain structures during surgery, and may allow greater intraoperative discrimination of normal and abnormal tissue. This may provide greater confidence to the neurosurgeon to proceed with a more extensive resection while decreasing postoperative morbidity. We investigated the intraoperative use of a portable CT scanner in the resection of 4 cases of supratentorial, subcortical astrocytomas of childhood to assess its usefulness in determining the endpoint of the dissection. We operated on 4 patients, ages 3-17, with astrocytomas. Three were thalamic, and 1 was based primarily in the caudate nucleus. The approach to the basal ganglia was transcallosal in 3 and transtemporal in 1. Specific observations on the intraoperative use of the portable CT scanner included its overall facility, any additional operative time required, the overall quality of the images, intraoperative decisions made based on the images and problems associated with its use. These observations are presented with a review of intraoperative imaging as it pertains to deep pediatric brain tumors. The CT scanner was helpful in limiting the dissection of the hypothalamic and midbrain regions and in localizing remaining abnormal tissue. The scans allowed informed decisions about leaving margins of the tumor which were adjacent to vital structures, but dit not prove to be a decisive factor in providing a complete resection. The following observations are worth noting: (1) average imaging time was 20 min per scan; (2) the extent and location of residual enhancing tumor was easily identified despite other materials in the surgical bed; (3) air/tissue interfaces limit resolution; (4) tumors retain contrast long enough to obtain multiple scans without additional dye, and (5) the cost profile of a mobile CT scanner is superior to that of a fixed intraoperative CT scanner. ( info)

8/120. Chiasmatic low-grade glioma presenting with sacral intradural spinal metastasis.

    Leptomeningeal metastasis of low-grade gliomas in children has been documented in several series, both at the time of diagnosis and at relapse. The authors report a unique case of chiasmatic low-grade astrocytoma presenting with signs and symptoms related to the metastatic site rather than the primary site. In this respect, the possibility of appearance of symptoms and signs related to leptomeningeal dissemination preceding the signs and symptoms belonging to the primary site should be considered in this type of benign tumours. ( info)

9/120. Resolution of tonsillar herniation and syringomyelia after supratentorial tumor resection: case report and review of the literature.

    OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: The pathophysiological features of syringomyelia are not yet entirely understood. We present a case of a supratentorial mass causing tonsillar herniation and syringomyelia. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 51-year-old woman underwent magnetic resonance imaging for evaluation of progressive headaches. A large parieto-occipital mass was revealed. Herniation of the cerebellar tonsils and a cervical syrinx were also noted. INTERVENTION: A craniotomy was performed without incident. After tumor resection, the tonsils ascended and the syrinx resolved in a 1-year period. CONCLUSION: This case highlights the importance of tonsillar herniation in the pathogenesis of syringomyelia. "Acquired" Chiari malformations and syringomyelia attributable to supratentorial masses may be treated by mass resection alone, without the need for foramen magnum decompression. ( info)

10/120. Supratentorial desmoplastic ependymoma with giant ependymal rosettes.

    We report a case of a 22-year-old female who presented with a solid tumor in the frontal lobe having no continuity with the wall of the lateral ventricle. The tumor was excised. The patient has been free from clinical symptoms and tumor recurrence for over nine years. Microscopically, the tumor was composed of extremely large ependymal true rosettes, resembling medulloepithelioma, and thick fibrous septa, which were surrounded by thick reactive gliosis. There were no histological signs of malignancy. In our case, the tumor is assumed to be a variant of gliofibroma for which we propose the term "desmoplastic ependymoma". ( info)
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