Cases reported "Swine Diseases"

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1/3. Animal-to-human transmission of salmonella typhimurium DT104A variant.

    salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium was isolated from a pig, a calf, and a child on a farm in the netherlands. The isolates were indistinguishable by phenotyping and genotyping methods, which suggests nonfoodborne animal-to-animal and animal-to-human transmission. persons in close contact with farm animals should be aware of this risk.
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2/3. microsporum nanum infection in hog farmers.

    microsporum nanum is a dermatophyte that can cause disease in both man and animals and is most frequently associated with ringworm infection in pigs. Human infections are rare in the literature. Three new cases of human M. nanum infection are reported here. Two patients had inflammatory tinea faciei and one had tinea cruris. The patients were successfully treated with clotrimazole or miconazole cream, sometimes combined with griseofulvin. All three patients were hog farmers and lived in the same small rural area. occupational exposure is suggested as the cause of infection.
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3/3. Dynamic changes in the epidemiology of canicola fever in israel. Natural adaptation of an established serotype to a new reservoir host.

    Investigation of human leptospirosis caused by the serotype canicola revealed a significant shift in the chain of infection of this disease. The adaptation of an old and well-established serotype to a new and abundant host, the norway rat, provides a new means for spreading and transferring canicola fever to man and farm animals. The changes in the epidemiology of leptospirosis described should serve as a warning to epidemiologists responsible for suggesting proper prophylactic measures.
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