Cases reported "Syndrome"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/602. Partial trisomy 9q--chromosomal syndrome.

    The clinical features consisting mainly of enophthalmos, beaked nose, narrow palpebral fissures, receding chin, long fingers and toes, typical for chromsomal syndrome or partial trisomy 9q, were confirmed in a new case.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = fissure
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/602. Rare dental abnormalities seen in oculo-facio-cardio-dental (OFCD) syndrome: three new cases and review of nine patients.

    Oculo-facio-cardio-dental syndrome is a very rare condition. So far, only nine cases have been documented. We report on three additional female patients representing the same entity. The clinical findings were: congenital cataract, microphthalmia/microcornea, secondary glaucoma, vision impairment, ptosis, long narrow face, high nasal bridge, broad nasal tip with separated cartilages, long philtrum, cleft palate, atrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect, and skeletal anomalies. The following dental abnormalities were found: radiculomegaly, delayed dentition, oligodontia, root dilacerations (extension), and malocclusion. For the first time, fusion of teeth and hyperdontia of permanent upper teeth were seen. In addition, structural and morphological dental changes were noted. These findings expand the clinical spectrum of the syndrome.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1.2869337082978
keywords = dental
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/602. HIV-associated parotid lymphoepithelial cysts.

    BACKGROUND: An outstanding feature of the diffuse infiltrative lymphocytosis syndrome, or DILS, a subset of hiv-1 disease, is asymptomatic bilateral parotid swelling. Recognition of the entity is important because people with this disease will seek routine dental care. CASE DESCRIPTION: The authors present a classic case of DILS. The patient exhibited bilateral parotid swellings caused by lymphoepithelial cysts, cervical lymphadenopathy, a CD8 circulating lymphocytosis and a CD8 lymphocytic infiltration into the labial salivary glands. A right superficial parotidectomy had been performed several years previously. However, no intervention was advised for the remaining left parotid because of its benign course. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Since patients with DILS can develop lymphomas, periodic observation is mandatory. Any change in the growth pattern requires that a fine-needle aspiration biopsy be performed.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.11699397348162
keywords = dental
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/602. nephrotic syndrome, microcephaly, and developmental delay: three separate syndromes.

    We describe a patient with microcephaly, developmental delay, and nephrotic syndrome who had normal renal function and normal brain imaging studies. She does not have the Galloway-Mowat syndrome. The concurrence of nephrotic syndrome with microcephaly and developmental delay may be coincidental, or may reflect one of at least three syndromes: Galloway-Mowat, a second syndrome of microcephaly, nephrotic syndrome and developmental delay (MNSDD), and a third syndrome of microcephaly, developmental delay, and spondylorhizomelic short stature.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.11699397348162
keywords = dental
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/602. A Rapp-Hodgkin like syndrome in three sibs: clinical, dental and dermatoglyphic study.

    Rapp-Hodgkin ectodermal dysplasia is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by distinctive craniofacies, cleft lip or palate, oligodontia or anodontia, hypoplasia of the nails, and a decrease in or absence of the sweat glands and hair follicles. We have identified a family in which three children display clinical features similar to Rapp-Hodgkin syndrome. The father and two other sisters of the patient had normal facial features, but had short stature and had dental anomalies, the latter suggestive of ectodermal dysplasia. The overall clinical, dental, and dermatoglyphic findings of these patients are discussed in relation to reports of families with Rapp-Hodgkin syndrome.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.70196384088971
keywords = dental
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/602. Lupus erythematosus associated with erythema multiforme: does Rowell's syndrome exist?

    We describe a patient with lupus erythematosus who experienced an unusual erythema multiforme-like eruption suggestive of Rowell's syndrome. We compare our case and 9 other reports of lupus erythematosus associated with erythema multiforme to the 4 cases reported by Rowell. Our findings indicate that Rowell's original criteria are not well preserved. The coexistence of lupus erythematosus with erythema multiforme does not impart any unusual characteristics to either disease, and the immunologic disturbances in such patients are probably coincidental.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.11699397348162
keywords = dental
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/602. Frontonasal dysplasia, macroblepharon, eyelid colobomas, ear anomalies, macrostomia, mental retardation, and CNS structural anomalies. A new syndrome?

    We report a Brazilian girl, born to normal and non-consanguineous parents and presenting, among other signs, brachyacrocephaly, a wide forehead, hypertelorism, wide palpebral fissures with multiple eyelid colobomas, a broad and high nasal root, an absent nasal tip, a wide columella, a long and smooth philtrum, a carp-like mouth, macrostomia, a thin upper lip with midline notching, submucous cleft of the soft palate, a small and grooved chin, ear anomalies, Dandy-Walker anomaly, a structural anomaly of the corpus callosum, grey matter heterotopia, and mental retardation. The whole clinical picture of the present patient suggests a 'new' type of frontonasal dysplasia and main differential diagnosis includes the acrofrontofacionasal dysostosis 2 syndrome (MIM 201181). Other differential diagnoses are discussed.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = fissure
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/602. Capsular block syndrome with external blockage of the capsular opening by a ciliary sulcus fixated posterior chamber lens.

    PURPOSE: To report capsular block syndrome with external blockage of the capsular opening by a posterior chamber lens fixated in the ciliary sulcus. METHOD: Case report. RESULTS: In an 89-year-old man who had undergone cataract surgery, a posterior chamber lens was accidentally fixated in the ciliary sulcus after continuous curvilinear capsulohhexis and phacoemulsification/aspiration. The next day, capsular block syndrome was noted along the posterior chamber lens optic, which was blocking the capsular opening from the outside. CONCLUSION: In all previously reported eyes with capsular block syndrome, the posterior chamber lens had been placed inside the lens capsule to block the continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis opening from the inside.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.11699397348162
keywords = dental
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/602. Treatment planning and biomechanics of distraction osteogenesis from an orthodontic perspective.

    As in traditional combined surgical and orthodontic procedures, the orthodontist has a role in the planning and orthodontic support of patients undergoing distraction osteogenesis. This role includes predistraction assessment of the craniofacial skeleton and occlusal function in addition to planning both the predistraction and postdistraction orthodontic care. Based on careful clinical evaluation, dental study models, photographic analysis, cephalometric evaluation, and evaluation of three-dimensional computed tomographic scans, the orthodontist, in collaboration with the surgeon, plans distraction device placement and the predicted vectors of distraction. Both surgeon and orthodontist closely monitor the patient during the active distraction phase, using intermaxillary elastic traction, sometimes combined with guide planes, bite plates, and stabilization arches, to mold the newly formed bone (regenerate) while optimizing the developing occlusion. Postdistraction change caused by relapse is minimal. growth after mandibular distraction is variable and appears to be dependent on the genetic program of the native bone and the surrounding soft tissue matrix. A significant advantage of distraction osteogenesis is the gradual lengthening of the soft tissues and surrounding functional spaces. Distraction osteogenesis can be applied at an earlier age than traditional orthognathic surgery because the technique is relatively simple and bone grafts are not required for augmentation of the hypoplastic craniofacial skeleton. In this new technique, the surgeon and the orthodontist have become collaborators in a process that gradually alters the magnitude and direction of craniofacial growth.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.11699397348162
keywords = dental
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/602. Increased occurrence of cleft lip in glycogen storage disease type ii (GSDII): exclusion of a contiguous gene syndrome in two patients by presence of intragenic mutations including a novel nonsense mutation Gln58Stop.

    Genetic deficiency of lysosomal acid alpha-glucosidase (acid maltase) results in the autosomal recessive disorder glycogen storage disease type ii (GSDII) in which intralysosomal accumulation of glycogen primarily affects function of skeletal and cardiac muscle. During an earlier review we noted 3 in 100 cases of GSDII with incidental description of cleft lip. In addition, we identified 2 of 35 GSDII patients referred to us for molecular studies with co-occurence of cleft lip, considerably greater than the estimated frequency of nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate of 1 in 700 to 1,000. Because several lines of evidence support a minor cleft lip/palate (Cl/P) locus on chromosome 17q close to the locus for GSDII, we defined the molecular basis for the GSDII in these two patients to determine if they represented a contiguous gene syndrome. Patient I (of Dutch descent) was homozygous and the parents heterozygous for an intragenic deletion of exon 18 (deltaex18), common in Dutch patients. Patient II was heterozygous for delta525T, a mutation also common in Dutch patients and a novel nonsense mutation (172 [corrected] C-->T; Gln58Stop) in exon 2, the first coding exon. The mother was heterozygous for the delta525T and the father for the 172 [corrected] C-->T; Gln58Stop. The finding that both patients carried intragenic mutations eliminates a contiguous gene syndrome. Whereas the presence of cleft lip/cleft palate in a patient with GSDII could be coincidental, these co-occurences could represent a modifying action of acid alpha-glucosidase deficiency on unlinked or linked genes that result in increased susceptibility for cleft lip.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.23398794696324
keywords = dental
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Syndrome'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.