Cases reported "Syndrome"

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1/54. New syndromic entity of situs inversus totalis.

    A 22-year-old Bedouin female with MCA/MR has been recently ascertained. She showed profound mental retardation, proportionate short stature, facial dysmorphism, spastic quadreparesis, bilateral taliper equinovarus, brachydactyly, situs inversus totalis, and MRI findings of cerebellar/midbrain migration defects. The described phenotype represents a new syndromic situs inversus with a characteristic Facio-Cerebro-Skeleto-Cardiac phenotype.
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ranking = 1
keywords = equinovarus
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2/54. Miller-Dieker syndrome and trisomy 5p in a child carrying a derivative chromosome with a microdeletion in 17p13.3 telomeric to the LIS1 and the D17S379 loci.

    trisomy 5p and Miller-Dieker syndromes frequently are the result of unbalanced segregations of reciprocal translocations of chromosomes 5 and 17 with other autosomes. The critical regions for the expression of the mentioned syndromes have been mapped to 5p13-->pter, and 17p13.3-->pter. In this report, we describe an 8-year-old girl with mental retardation, postnatal growth deficiency, generalized muscular hypotonia, seizures, microcephaly, cortical atrophy, partial agenesis of corpus callosum, cerebral ventriculomegaly, facial anomalies, patent ductus arteriosus, pectus excavatum, long fingers, and bilateral talipes equinovarus caused by the presence of a 46,XX,der(17)t(5;17)(p13.1;p13.3)mat chromosome complement. Cytogenetic studies of the family confirmed a balanced reciprocal translocation (5;17)(p13.1;p13.3) in her mother, maternal grandfather, maternal aunt, and a female first cousin. fluorescence in situ hybridization studies on the mother and the proposita using three probes, which map to distal 17p, confirmed the reciprocal translocation in the mother and a terminal deletion in the patient, which resulted in the retention of LIS1 and D17S379 loci and deletion of the 17p telomere. These findings and the phenotype of the proposita, strongly suggest that genes telomeric to LIS1 and locus D17S379 are involved in many clinical findings, including the minor facial anomalies of the Miller-Dieker syndrome.
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ranking = 2.7785162832054
keywords = talipes equinovarus, equinovarus, talipes
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3/54. anesthesia for Freeman-Sheldon syndrome using a laryngeal mask airway.

    PURPOSE: To present a case of Freeman-Sheldon syndrome (FSS) with a previously unreported technique of anesthetic management, consisting of a malignant hyperthermia free anesthetic and laryngeal mask airway. CLINICAL FEATURES: Freeman-Sheldon syndrome (also known as whistling face syndrome, Windmill-Vane-hand syndrome, cranio-carpo-tarsal dysplasia and distal arthrogryposis type 2) is a rare congenital disorder defined by facial and skeletal abnormalities. The three basic abnormalities are microstomia with pouting lips, camptodactyly with ulnar deviation of the fingers and talipes equinovarus. patients with FSS frequently present for surgical correction of musculoskeletal or facial abnormalities. There are several anesthetic challenges including difficult airway, intravenous cannulation and regional technique. They may be at increased risk for malignant hyperthermia and postoperative pulmonary complications. We present a case of a two-year-old child with FSS undergoing elective unilateral inguinal hernia repair. A non-triggering anesthetic technique was used, consisting of 2 mg x kg(-1) propofol followed by a continuous infusion, nitrous oxide 50%/oxygen, and 3 microg x kg(-1) fentanyl. Intraoperative and postoperative analgesia was provided by an ilioinguinal nerve block with 10 ml bupivacaine 0.25% with epinephrine 1:200,000. The airway was maintained with a #2 laryngeal mask airway. The anesthetic was uneventful and there were no signs or symptoms of malignant hyperthermia. The patient was discharged home later the same day in good health. CONCLUSION: The use of a laryngeal mask airway and non-triggering anesthetic technique should be considered as options for anesthetic management in patients with FSS for short procedures that do not require neuromuscular blockade.
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ranking = 2.7785162832054
keywords = talipes equinovarus, equinovarus, talipes
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4/54. Dandy-Walker anomaly in Meckel-Gruber syndrome.

    We report a fetus affected by Meckel-Gruber syndrome whose phenotype was characterized by macrocephaly, frontal bossing, a saddle nose, marked micrognathia, a distended abdomen, omphalocele, post-axial polydactyly and talipes equinovarus. The main neuropathological finding at autopsy was in a very large cyst located in an abnormally wide posterior cranial fossa consistent with a Dandy-Walker anomaly. Intestinal malrotation, enlarged cystic dysplastic kidneys and hepatic portal fibrosis coexisted. The occurrence of a Dandy-Walker malformation in Meckel-Gruber syndrome confirms a disturbance in rhombencephalon development. Although uncommon, it should be included among the central nervous anomalies representative of the syndrome.
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ranking = 2.7785162832054
keywords = talipes equinovarus, equinovarus, talipes
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5/54. Prenatal ultrasonographic diagnosis of the popliteal pterygium syndrome.

    The prenatal ultrasound identification of a cleft lip and palate, equinovarus feet with severe lower limb malposition and genital abnormalities led to the prenatal diagnosis of popliteal pterygium syndrome in a pregnant mother suspected to have a mild expression of this autosomal dominant condition. However, in sporadic cases with lack of a family history for this rare syndrome, prenatal diagnosis may be difficult to ascertain.
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ranking = 1
keywords = equinovarus
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6/54. Autosomal recessive multiple pterygium syndrome: a new variant?

    Multiple pterygium syndromes include at least 15 different entities characterized by multiple pterygia or webs of the skin and multiple congenital anomalies. We describe a female infant who presented with a distinct constellation of multiple anomalies consisting of pterygia of the inguinal, intercrural and popliteal areas, flexion contractures and arthrogryposis of some joints, craniofacial anomalies including ectropion, medial canthal web, blepharophimosis, hypoplasia of nose, oral and nasopharyngeal cavities, vocal cords and tongue, micrognathia, orolabial synechiae secondary to pterygia, low set ears, alopecia, sad and expressionless face, short neck, asymmetric nipples, anal stenosis, rectal polyp, hypoplastic labia majora, complete syndactyly of all fingers and toes, pes equinovarus, bandlike web between feet, and absence of the nails and phalangeal-palmar creases. Radiological examination showed synostosis, absence or hypoplasia of metacarpal, metatarsal and phalangeal bones on feet and hands, and hypoplasia of pelvic bones and scapulae. This pattern of anomalies does not fit entirely any of the known multiple pterygium syndromes. Autosomal recessive inheritance is most likely due to the presence of three similarly affected siblings and normal parents.
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ranking = 1
keywords = equinovarus
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7/54. Campomelic dwarfism.

    The campomelic syndrome is a short-limb, usually fatal, neonatal dwarfism. It is characterized by bowed lower limbs, especially the tibia, usually associated with a cutaneous dimple over the anterior skin. There is delayed calcification of the epiphyses and delayed mineralization of the spine and pelvis. The cartilages of the tracheobronchial tree are hypoplastic, contributing to death from respiratory problems. Other associated abnormalities are unusual appearing facies, cleft palate, absent olfactory nerves and talipes equinovarus. Less commonly seen are cardiac, renal and brain anomalies.
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ranking = 2.7785162832054
keywords = talipes equinovarus, equinovarus, talipes
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8/54. Unilateral tibial agenesia with preaxial polysyndactyly and renal disorder in two patients: a new syndrome?

    Left tibial agenesis, polysyndactyly with talipes equinovarus deformity and Grade IV vesicoureteral reflux of the right kidney are described in a 40-day-old male and an unrelated 1-month-old male, is also reported with right tibial agenesis, polysyndactyly with talipes equinovarus deformity and right kidney agenesis and left Grade V vesicoureteral reflux. No other pathology was recorded. Follow up at 1 year and 3 years, respectively, revealed normal motor and mental development. As this combination has been unpublished before, we believe that this a new syndrome.
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ranking = 5.5570325664108
keywords = talipes equinovarus, equinovarus, talipes
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9/54. Schinzel-Giedion syndrome.

    A 2-month-old girl was brought to the Department of pediatrics at Wakayama Rosai Hospital because of poor feeding since 1 month of age. She was the third child of young healthy non-consanguineous parents whose first son was healthy but whose second son had died of 18 trisomy. physical examination showed midfacial hypoplasia with coarse dysmorphic features, choanal stenosis, remarkable abdominal distention and bilateral talipes equivarus. Abdominal ultrasonography, computed tomography and drip infusion pyelogram showed left severe hydronephrosis and right moderate hydronephrosis. Having diagnosed Schinzel-Giedion syndrome, a left ureteroneocystostomy with tailoring was performed to preserve renal functions and to eliminate the urinary tract infection at the age of 3 months.
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ranking = 0.16899551939677
keywords = talipes
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10/54. Larsen syndrome associated with severe congenital hydrocephalus.

    Larsen syndrome associated with severe congenital hydrocephalus: Larsen syndrome (LS) is characterized by the association of flattened facies with a prominent forehead, a depressed nasal bridge and hypertelorism, dislocation of hips, elbows and knees, equinovarus or valgus deformities of the feet, long and tapering fingers, normal intelligence. hydrocephalus has rarely been reported in association with LS. In this article, a newborn infant with the classical features of LS and severe congenital hydrocephalus is presented. Our purpose was to emphasize the importance of congenital hydrocephalus in infants with LS and to highlight the management of cases of LS associated with congenital hydrocephalus.
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ranking = 1
keywords = equinovarus
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