Cases reported "Synovial Cyst"

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1/172. magnetic resonance imaging diagnosis, sonographically directed percutaneous aspiration, and arthroscopic treatment of a painful shoulder ganglion cyst associated with a SLAP lesion.

    A 30-year-old, right-handed man presented with the insidious onset of right shoulder pain associated with overhead activities. magnetic resonance imaging revealed a perilabral ganglion cyst associated with a SLAP lesion (lesion of the superior labrum, both anterior and posterior). After unsuccessful treatment with sonographically directed percutaneous aspiration of the cyst, arthroscopic techniques were employed to intra-articularly decompress the cyst and stabilize the labral tear.
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keywords = ganglion
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2/172. The fourth-compartment syndrome: its anatomical basis and clinical cases.

    We propose a new term, the "fourth-compartment syndrome" to describe chronic dorsal wrist pain of the fourth compartment. Five main causes responsible for this syndrome are thought to be as follows: 1. Ganglion involvement, including an occult ganglion; 2. Extensor digitorum brevis manus muscle; 3. Abnormal extensor indicis muscle; 4. Tenosynovialitis; 5. Anomaly or deformity of carpal bones. Should the above mentioned conditions occur in the fourth compartment, pressure within the fourth compartment increases, ultimately compressing the posterior interosseous nerve directly or indirectly. Anatomical studies of the fourth compartment of the wrist and the posterior interosseous nerve are presented and the fourth-compartment syndrome is summarized with twelve clinical cases (six cases of occult ganglions, two cases of extensor digitorum brevis manus, two cases of tenosynovialitis, one case of abnormal extensor indicis muscle, and one case of carpal bossing).
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keywords = ganglion
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3/172. Intra-articular ganglion cysts of the knee.

    A ganglion is a cystic mass with myxoid matrix that occasionally occurs within muscles, tendons, and menisci. A ganglion cyst within the knee is very rare, with few reports to be found. We are reporting eight cases of a ganglion within the knee joint. Our cases include two ganglia in the infrapatellar fat pad which have not been previously reported. ganglion cysts do not have specific symptoms. We hypothesize that symptoms of a ganglion cyst may correlate with the size and the location within the knee joint. The diagnosis of ganglia within the knee was established by magnetic resonance imaging study and confirmed by pathological testing. All the patients were treated successfully using the arthroscopic technique.
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ranking = 1.6
keywords = ganglion
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4/172. Suprascapular neuropathy related to a glenohumeral joint cyst.

    A man with shoulder pain and complaints of weakness had examination findings consistent with a suprascapular neuropathy with predominant involvement of the infraspinatus muscle. Electrodiagnostic studies confirmed an axon-loss suprascapular neuropathy with greater involvement of the infraspinatus muscle. magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated a large ganglion cyst originating from the glenohumeral joint. The clinical, electrodiagnostic, and radiologic evaluation of suprascapular neuropathy is discussed.
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ranking = 0.2
keywords = ganglion
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5/172. Bursal cyst: an unusual axillary mass.

    We discuss an unusual case of a bursal cyst presenting as an axillary mass in a previously healthy individual. Although both bursal and ganglion cysts not uncommonly arise from other joints, they also rarely occur in the axilla as well. Clinicians should include cysts in their differential of diagnoses when examining axillary masses and deciding on their appropriate treatment.
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ranking = 0.2
keywords = ganglion
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6/172. Ganglions of the proximal interphalangeal joint.

    ganglion cysts-the most common hand tumors-usually affect women in their twenties and thirties. The cause of these cysts is unknown, although trauma has been postulated as an inciting factor. Ganglions occur most commonly at the dorsal and palmar wrist. However, ganglions of the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint are rare. Four patients with PIP joint ganglions were recently treated at our institution. Three received aspiration and one received operative therapy, all with good results. All four patients were older than 65 years.
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ranking = 0.4
keywords = ganglion
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7/172. synovial cyst of the proximal tibiofibular joint with peroneal nerve compression after total knee arthroplasty.

    Synovial or ganglion cysts of the proximal tibiofibular joint are less common than synovial cysts of the knee joint but may present in a similar manner and may be difficult to diagnose clinically. Although synovial cysts arising from the knee joint after prosthetic arthroplasty have already been described, we report a case in which a lateral knee mass compressing the peroneal nerve was found to be a synovial cyst arising from the tibiofibular joint.
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ranking = 0.2
keywords = ganglion
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8/172. Cysts of the temporomandibular joint. Report of two cases.

    Two patients with a cyst of the TMJ are presented. One had a synovial cyst, the other a ganglion cyst. The differential diagnosis of these lesions is discussed.
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ranking = 0.2
keywords = ganglion
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9/172. Case report ganglion cysts of the bilateral cruciate ligaments.

    ganglion cysts originating from the cruciate ligaments have been reported rarely. A 38-year-old woman developed symptoms of knee pain with 10 degrees loss of knee extension. Preoperative magnetic resonance imaging showed a well-demarcated cystic mass surrounding the posterior cruciate ligament so clearly that further examination was not recommended. Because examination under anesthesia confirmed full extension of the knee, we presumed that pain produced by compression caused the diminished extension, and that mechanical block was not the reason. During arthroscopic examination, a mass was impinged between the anterior cruciate ligament and the intercondylar notch when extension of the knee was attempted. The mass was resected and immediate improvement was noted. The patient had experienced the same episode in the contralateral knee and removal of a ganglion cyst on the cruciate ligament 10 years ago. At the latest follow-up she was completely symptom free in both knees without any sign of recurrence.
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ranking = 1
keywords = ganglion
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10/172. Ganglion of the hip joint--we present a logical approach to the exploration of a mass in the femoral triangle.

    hip joint ganglion is a rare cause of a mass in the femoral triangle. Our patient presented with a swelling in the groin and a history of femoral hernia repair 5 years previously. Pre-operative assessment with ultrasound suggested a possible femoral artery aneurysm. We propose that safe exploration of a mass closely related to the femoral vessels must include vascular control.
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ranking = 0.2
keywords = ganglion
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