Cases reported "Syphilis, Cutaneous"

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1/95. Nodular tertiary syphilis mimicking granuloma annulare.

    We describe a 47-year-old man with annular plaques on the arms and torso that were treated as granuloma annulare, based on clinical and histopathologic findings. Exacerbation of the lesions during treatment with topical corticosteroids prompted a search for an infectious cause, which proved to be syphilis in the tertiary stage. The clinician should maintain a high index of suspicion for syphilis in the differential diagnosis of unusual annular skin lesions in a patient with noncaseating granulomas seen on skin biopsy. ( info)

2/95. Bilateral secondary syphilis of the tonsil.

    A patient with bilateral tonsillar enlargement secondary to syphilis is presented. Clinical appearance, histological findings and serological tests permitted a correct diagnosis to be obtained, ruling out the suspicion of cancer. ( info)

3/95. Immunoperoxidase technique for detecting spirochetes in tissue sections: comparison with other methods.

    BACKGROUND: With the increasing incidence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and immunosuppressive therapy, the incidence of syphilis has been increasing. Given the fact that the above conditions may mask or obscure the usual clinical signs and symptoms of syphilis, a means of enhanced detection is essential. AIMS methods: The purpose of this study was to determine whether an immunoperoxidase method using an antibody against treponemes would increase the sensitivity and specificity of diagnosis in biopsies of patients with secondary syphilis. This was compared to serology and silver stain in cases of known syphilis. RESULTS: Immunoperoxidase for treponemes was at least as sensitive (9/10) as pathology (9/10), and more sensitive than conventional silver stain (6/10) or serology (7/10). CONCLUSIONS: In those equivocal cases of secondary syphilis, where confirmation is essential, immunoperoxidase for treponemes may be a useful adjunct. ( info)

4/95. Unusual presentation of secondary syphilis in 2 hiv-1 positive patients.

    Due to diverse clinical and histopathological presentations, diagnosis of secondary syphilis can occasionally prove challenging. This is especially true in the setting of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Variable clinical presentations of secondary syphilis in HIV disease may result in an incorrect diagnosis and an inappropriate treatment regimen. Similarly, the histology of secondary syphilitic lesions may show considerable variation, depending on the clinical morphology of the eruption. We report 2 cases of secondary syphilis in hiv-1-infected patients with cutaneous lesions of variable clinical presentation and an unusual lymphoid infiltrate simulating mycosis fungoides. ( info)

5/95. Pedal interdigital condylomata lata: a rare sign of secondary syphilis.

    BACKGROUND: Condylomata lata of the toe webs are uncommon manifestations of secondary syphilis. Considering the recent decline in the incidence of syphilis in the united states, such lesions are likely to present infrequently. In some cases, this phenomenon may be the only physical sign of syphilis; therefore, it is important that a high index of suspicion is maintained when evaluating toe web lesions in patients at epidemiologic risk for syphilis. goals: A case of secondary syphilis presenting solely with interdigital condyloma lata in the toe web spaces is reported, and similar cases reported in the literature are reviewed. STUDY DESIGN: This article documents the diagnosis of secondary syphilis based on a positive serology in conjunction with the development of interdigital condyloma lata as the only physical finding suggestive of lues. RESULTS: The latter lesions resolved after appropriate, adequate antibiotic therapy. CONCLUSIONS: A case of condylomata lata of the toe webs without other pertinent physical findings is presented. Analogous to lesions typically seen in the anogenital region, moist exophytic toe web plaques may represent condyloma lata and thereby be a sign of secondary syphilis. The differential diagnosis includes tinea pedis, erythrasma, macerated corns, verrucae, and several tropical mycoses (chromomycosis, mycetoma). ( info)

6/95. alopecia syphilitica: report of two cases in Geneva.

    Two patients with alopecia syphilitica are presented. Moth-eaten alopecia is the most typical look of secondary syphilis on the scalp. With the decrease in syphilis cases in western countries, this rarer clinical manifestation tends to be misdiagnosed. ( info)

7/95. Multiple plaques on the face and neck of a middle-aged man. diagnosis: secondary syphilis.

    syphilis is an unusual diagnosis in an ENT practice. We evaluated a 55-year-old man who had generalized plaques on his face, neck, and upper extremities. Analysis of skin biopsy and serology specimens revealed that the patient had secondary syphilis. He responded rapidly to treatment. The purpose of this article is to remind otolaryngologists of the signs and symptoms of syphilis so that it can be recognized and treated in a timely fashion. ( info)

8/95. Nodular secondary syphilis.

    Secondary syphilis can have protean clinical manifestations and may present with unusual lesions, which may go unrecognized. We report a case of secondary syphilis with nodular lesions. A 22 year old male presented with nodular and annular skin lesions over the face, back and limbs and condylomata lata lesion at the penoscrotal junction associated with generalized lymphadenopathy, fever and malaise. Prior to onset of these lesions the patient also had history of a painless genital sore, which healed within two weeks. The serology revealed a reactive VDRL(1:64) and positive TPHA. The HIV serology was non-reactive. The patient responded to a single dose of benzathine penicillin, 2.4 million units, given intramuscularly. This case highlights that secondary syphilis may present with nodular lesions and should be suspected in the appropriate clinical setting. ( info)

9/95. A premature newborn with vesiculobullous skin lesions.

    Although the rate of congenital syphilis is declining in Western europe and in the USA, a significant increase is observed in the developing countries. In this contribution, a newborn with cutaneous manifestations of congenital syphilis is presented. CONCLUSION: Pediatricians should be attentive when confronted with vesiculobullous skin lesions in a newborn, and congenital syphilis should be considered in the differential diagnosis. ( info)

10/95. Secondary syphilis presenting as pseudolymphoma of the skin.

    Secondary syphilis most commonly presents with a papulosquamous eruption that involves the palms, soles, and mucous membranes. The papulonodular variant has only been described 11 times in the literature. We describe a case of papulonodular secondary syphilis presenting as an atypical lymphoid hyperplasia suggestive of cutaneous lymphoma. ( info)
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