Cases reported "Syringomyelia"

Filter by keywords:



Retrieving documents. Please wait...

1/520. Post-meningitic hydrocephalus and syringomyelia treated with a ventriculoperitoneal shunt.

    Following cryptococcal meningitis, symptoms of cervical syringomyelia developed in a young heroin addict. myelography confirmed syringomyelia and angiography demonstrated severe hydrocephalus. Ventriculoperitoneal shunting resulted in complete resolution of signs and symptoms of both hydrocephalus and syringomyelia. ( info)

2/520. Variegate porphyria with unusual neurologic manifestations.

    A 62-year-old man with variegate porphyria is reported. This is the first case to be described in greece. Apart from the common features of the disease this patient exhibited sensory loss of the syringomyelic type. Though variegate prophyria with neurologic manifestations is not uncommon syringomyelic type of sensory loss is most unusual. ( info)

3/520. Pediatric syringomyelia with chiari malformation: its clinical characteristics and surgical outcomes.

    BACKGROUND: Most reports regarding pediatric syringomyelia have focused not only on Chiari malformation, but also on spinal dysraphism. However, the clinical characteristics of syringomyelia with spinal dysraphism are quite different from those of syringomyelia due to Chiari Type I malformation. The objectives of this study were to identify clinical characteristics of pediatric syringomyelia and to determine whether surgery prevents or corrects the scoliosis associated with syringomyelia. methods: We reviewed the records of 16 pediatric patients with syringomyelia and Chiari Type I malformation. The patients' ages ranged from 3 to 15 years, with mean age of 9.8 years. None of the patients had spinal dysraphism. RESULTS: Nystagmus was observed in 2 of the 16 patients, motor weakness in 8 patients, sensory disturbance in 10 patients, and scoliosis in 13 patients. As the initial surgical procedure, foramen magnum decompression (FMD) was performed in seven patients and syringo-subarachnoid (S-S) shunting in nine patients. The motor function improved in 7 of the 8 affected patients, and the sensory disturbance improved in 9 of the 10 affected patients. The magnetic resonance images obtained after the surgery revealed marked decrease of the syrinx size in all patients. Of the 13 patients with scoliosis, 5 showed improvement, 5 stabilization, and 3 deterioration. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with adolescent and adult syringomyelia, pediatric syringomyelia shows a much lower incidence of sensory disturbance and pain, but quite a high incidence of scoliosis. Surgery is effective in improving or stabilizing scoliosis in these patients. ( info)

4/520. Spontaneous resolution of a cervicothoracic syrinx in a child. Case report and review of the literature.

    A child with near complete spontaneous resolution of a cervicothoracic syrinx and improvement in a Chiari type I malformation without surgical intervention is presented. The child was followed clinically with serial magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and has remained neurologically stable over an 11-year period. To our knowledge, only 3 pediatric cases of spontaneous resolution of a spinal cord syrinx as documented by MR imaging without surgical intervention have been reported. This case contributes to the literature on the natural history of syringes. ( info)

5/520. The Chiari/hydrosyringomyelia complex presenting in adults with myelomeningocoele: an indication for early intervention.

    OBJECTIVE: To determine how adults with myelomeningocoele who develop the Chiari/hydrosyringomyelia complex present, and to determine if surgical intervention influences outcome in these patients. methods: A chart review of the 220 patients who attend a clinic for adults with spina bifida and hydrocephalus (CASBAH), and follow-up of the five cases with myelomeningocoele who had surgical intervention for associated symptomatic Chiari/hydrosyringomyelia complex. RESULTS: Bilateral upper limb weakness and wasting were the commonest presenting symptoms (four patients). Sensory disturbance (three patients) was also common, dysphagia (one) and ataxia (one) occurring less often. The median time to surgical intervention was 36 months. Two patients had a shunting procedure performed in isolation, two foramen magnum decompression in addition to a shunting procedure and one a foramen magnum decompression. Surgical intervention did not completely reverse problems attributed to the Chiari/hydrosyringomyelia complex in any of the cases. One patient died post-operatively. Of the four who survived one had some improvement in function post-operatively, two remained static and one had further mild deterioration. CONCLUSION: All adults with myelomeningocoele should be questioned about changes in upper limb function for early detection of Chiari/hydrosyringomyelia complex. Our results suggest that early intervention is needed if further deterioration is to be avoided, and to improve the chances of neurological and functional recovery. ( info)

6/520. shoulder enlargement as the presenting sign in syringomyelia. Report of two cases and review of the literature.

    Two adult patients had painful enlargement of the shoulder and complete destruction of the humeral head. Angiograms of the shoulder showed highly vascular lesions in both patients. Both patients had syringomyelia, for which the swollen shoulder was the first manifestation. ( info)

7/520. A neurodystrophic syndrome resembling carbohydrate-deficient glycoprotein syndrome type III.

    A 10-month old girl is described with a serum transferrin isoform abnormality of the same kind as in two previously reported girls with carbohydrate-deficient glycoprotein syndrome type III. This patient presented with joint abnormalities and rapidly developing hypsarrhythmia, hypotonia, psychomotor delay and growth retardation. fingers, toes, nails and local skin were dysmorphic. She had pale optic discs, thoracic syringomyelia and frontal lobe atrophy at three months. The CDT value in serum was greatly elevated. Several carbohydrate-deficient isoforms were found in transferrin (four), alpha1-antitrypsin (three), antithrombin (two) and thyroxine-binding globulin (four). Mutations in the CDGS 1-gene were excluded. The CDGS III glycoprotein abnormality most probably represents a distinct disorder of glycoprotein metabolism, and needs to be considered in unclear hypsarrhythmia with developmental delay. Dysmorphic features may be added to this syndrome. ( info)

8/520. Syringohydromyelia or HTLV-I-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis. A diagnostic challenge. Case report.

    Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I) associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) is the most common chronic myelopathy in brazil. We present the case of a 53 year old man that fulfilled the diagnostic criteria for HAM/TSP but had at the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the spinal cord evidences of syringohydromyelia at the C6-C7 and D2-D7 levels along with Chiari type I malformation. The clinical picture was more typical of HAM/TSP than of syringohydromyelia, which was probably asymptomatic. The present case clearly demonstrates that serology and neuroimaging should be always used together. We conclude that, specially in places where HTLV-I is endemic, every patient with a spastic paraparesis, even with a radiological picture suggestive of a structural spinal cord lesion, should have a screening test for HTLV-I. The clinical picture must dictate the final direction of the diagnosis. ( info)

9/520. Syringomyelic dystonia and athetosis.

    Two patients with movement disorders associated with syringomyelia are described, one of whom developed unusual torticollis, and the other had choreoathetoid-dystonic movements of the hand and arm. In each case, the movements resolved with decompression of the syrinx. The literature is reviewed and possible mechanisms explored. ( info)

10/520. syringomyelia and complex regional pain syndrome as complications of multiple sclerosis.

    OBJECTIVE: To describe a patient from Southeast asia with the optic-spinal phenotype of multiple sclerosis who developed syringomyelia and resultant complex regional pain syndrome (formerly named reflex sympathetic dystrophy). DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Department of neurology at a tertiary care hospital in the Republic of singapore. PATIENT: A 53-year-old Chinese woman with a history of optic neuritis developed an episode of left hemiparesis leading to a diagnosis of multiple sclerosis. Serial neuroimaging studies revealed an active demyelinating plaque in the cervical area that later progressed into a syrinx. Over a period of 1 year she also developed signs of sympathetic dysfunction including horner syndrome of the left eye and complex regional pain syndrome in the left hand. CONCLUSIONS: A case of the optic-spinal phenotype of multiple sclerosis that is commonly observed in Southeast asia is described. This characteristically tissue-destructive form of multiple sclerosis resulted in syringomyelia complicated by a complex regional pain syndrome. Possible pathogenic mechanisms for these associations are discussed. ( info)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Syringomyelia'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.