Cases reported "Teratoma"

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1/245. Malignant mixed mesodermal tumor arising in a benign cystic teratoma.

    The occurrence of sarcoma in a benign cystic teratoma is very rare. We report the first poorly differentiated, malignant mixed mesodermal tumor with a component of rhabdomyosarcoma to arise in a benign cystic teratoma of the ovary. The tumor was staged as FIGO IC due to capsule invasion. Although combination chemotherapy of cisplatin, ifosfamide and mesna, was instituted, the disease took a rapidly progressive course. After an unusual metastasis to the scapula was detected, the patient deteriorated and died in the forth postoperative month.
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2/245. Intrapulmonary and gastric teratoma : report of two cases.

    The lung and stomach are very unusual sites for teratoma. The histologic findings of intrapulmonary and gastric teratomas are not different from those arising in usual sites, such as the ovary or testis. However, preoperative diagnosis is sometimes difficult to make partly because of unusual location. We report here two cases of teratoma, one intrapulmonary teratoma and the other gastric. The intrapulmonary teratoma in our study had an endobronchial tumor growth, which rules out mediastinal teratoma. Meanwhile gastric teratomas usually present as a submucosal tumor and most cases are reported in infancy and childhood. Gastric teratoma in this study occurred in a 27-year-old man. To the best of our knowledge, this case of intrapulmonary teratoma is the eighth and the gastric teratoma is the first to be reported in korea.
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3/245. Intra-fourth-ventricle teratoma.

    The computed tomographic (CT) scanning characteristics of a case of intra-fourth-ventricle mature teratoma in a 15-month-old child are described and correlated with intraoperative findings.
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4/245. Sacrococcygeal teratoma: a series of 19 cases with long-term follow-up.

    A series of 19 cases of sacrococcygeal teratoma (SCT) with follow-up of 5 to 25 years is presented. Twelve patients were neonates, age 0 to 26 days (5 immature teratomas and 7 mature teratomas, representing 3, 6, 2, and 1 Altman's type I, II, III, and IV tumors, respectively), four were infants, age 1 to 6 months (all mature teratomas, representing 1, 1, and 2 Altman's type I, II, and IV tumors), and 3 were children, age 1 to 4 years (all malignant teratomas, all Altman's IV tumors). Eight babies were delivered by elective caesarean section (CS). Though the mean gestational age at CS was 34.3 weeks in our series, we now believe that CS often must be performed earlier, depending on a tumor size or fetal condition. Eleven neonates and 4 infants were operated upon using a sacral approach in 10 and an abdominosacral approach in 5, and all survived. However, 4 patients had neurogenic bladder and were treated by urinary catheterization or vesicostomy for 2 to 5 years after surgery. Postoperative urogenital sequelae are seen in patients with a large tumor, urethral compression, urinary retention, or edema of the lower body. Malignant tumors usually had metastasized by the time of diagnosis, but the prognosis for outcome has been improved following surgery and combination chemotherapy.
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5/245. Recurrent Wilms' tumour or retroperitoneal teratoma? A challenging case.

    The clinical and pathological features of a left renal tumour and a subsequent retroperitoneal tumour in a 2-year-old boy are presented. The nephrectomy specimen showed typical features of a triphasic Wilms' tumour with focal heterologous elements and intralobar nephrogenic rests. The tumour was assessed as clinical stage III and post-operative chemotherapy and radiotherapy were administered. A retroperitoneal mass, detected following completion of postoperative therapy, was mainly made up of skeletal muscle and mature adipose tissue. Nests of epithelium resembling ameloblastic nests and a unique structure reminiscent of a developing tooth were present.
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6/245. Intramedullary spinal teratoma presenting with urinary retention: case report and review of the literature.

    OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Intramedullary tumors affect a small but significant segment of patients with spinal cord tumors. Intramedullary teratomas are rare entities that are usually located in the sacrococcygeal region. Although some reports claim that diagnostic studies can exactly predict the nature of intramedullary tumors, this case report demonstrates the lack of preoperative diagnostic specificity. Therefore, the aim of surgery should be radical extirpation whenever possible. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A case report of a thoracolumbar intramedullary teratoma is presented. This young male patient displayed urinary retention and motor deficits. Computed tomographic and magnetic resonance imaging examination revealed an intramedullary tumor; however, the exact nature of the tumor could not be determined preoperatively. The literature concerning these tumors is extensively reviewed. INTERVENTION: During surgery, a multicystic tumor was found at the base of the filum terminale, which was resected as far as possible. CONCLUSION: It is concluded that surgery should be the first choice for treatment. More aggressive teratomas are found in intramedullary locations, especially in children, emphasizing the importance of radical tumor resection. The use of adjuvant chemo- or radiotherapy should be explicitly substantiated for the nonbenign teratoma group.
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7/245. Pressure in the hydrocephalic fetal head during the first stage of labor.

    Intraamniotic pressure was studied in the 30th week of amenorrhea in relationship with fetal intracranial pressure with open-tip catheters. The fetus had a severe hydrocephalus (echoscopy 16 cm) due to a teratologic malformation of the cerebrum. Clinically nonoperative treatment was indicated. intracranial pressure (X) was invariably higher than intraamniotic pressure (Y) between contractions: Y = 2.04 0.54 X, and during contractions: Y = 5.30 0.55 X. There was no definite relationship between intrauterine and intracranial pressure, and the fetal tachogram. A definite relationship was established with the supine position of the patient and decelerations in the fetal tachogram. It is suggested that when fetal cardiac decelerations are seen during the first stage of labor it seems advisable to look for factors such as umbilical cord compression and decrease of materno-placental perfusion rather than fetal head compression.
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8/245. Secondary cardiac tumor in children.

    We describe our clinical experience of eight cases of secondary cardiac tumor. The pathology of the tumors were lymphoma (three), Wilms' tumor (two), malignant teratoma (one), neuroblastoma (one), and pleuropulmonary blastoma (one). Metastatic sites were the right atrium in Wilms' tumor and neuroblastoma, the left atrium in pleuropulmonary blastoma and malignant teratoma, and multiple sites in lymphoma. Primary masses in the mediastinum extended directly to the heart (three lymphoma, malignant teratoma, pleuropulmonary blastoma). Wilms' tumor and neuroblastoma showed cardiac metastases through the inferior vena cava. Many cases revealed vague abnormal cardiovascular findings (symptoms in six; physical signs in five). In five cases surgery was performed to relieve the possible obstruction to flow and to identify the pathology (lymphoma in three, Wilms' tumor in one, and malignant teratoma in one). Chemotherapy prior to operation resulted in the disappearance of the intracardiac masses in each case of Wilms' tumor and pleuropulmonary blastoma. All three patients with lymphoma died immediately after operation. Four died of multiple metastases or pneumocystis pneumonia several months after operation. This study indicates that suspicion of a secondary cardiac tumor is crucial to early diagnosis. Because of the poor postoperative outcome, surgery for secondary cardiac tumors should be done cautiously only in cases with definite hemodynamic decompensation.
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9/245. Primary intrapulmonary teratoma presenting as pyothorax.

    A female patient presented with empyema thoracis and was planned for decortication. Peroperatively a cystic mass was found in the left lower lobe which was resected and diagnosed as a case of teratoma of lung on histopathological examination. This unusual case of primary intrapulmonary teratoma is being reported here.
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10/245. Progressive tumor necrosis and lethal hyperkalemia in a neonate with sacrococcygeal teratoma (SCT).

    tumor lysis syndrome is known among patients undergoing induction therapy for lymphocytic malignancies. Spontaneous tumor lysis in patients with solid tumors is distinctly rare. To our knowledge, the phenomenon of spontaneous tumor lysis has been described only once in infancy, in association with the surgical manipulation of a hepatoblastoma. This is the first report of a newborn with sacrococcygeal teratoma who experienced spontaneous tumor lysis-induced hyperkalemia. Because cardiac arrest may be among the leading causes of operative mortality in babies with sacrococcygeal teratoma, intraoperative monitoring of serum K should be conducted frequently.
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