Cases reported "Testicular Diseases"

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1/22. Unilateral testicular microlithiasis.

    Testicular microlithiasis is a rare pathology which usually affects both testicles (less than 100 cases have been described in the literature), histologically characterized by numerous calcified deposits situated inside the seminiferous tubules, the diameter of which does not usually exceed 2 mm. The pathogenesis of the phenomenon is not completely clear; it has however been noted that there is a higher incidence in patients affected by cryptorchidism, subfertility, Klinefelter's syndrome and in particular those with testicular neoplasms, although the reason for this remains obscure. The case reported seems atypical in that there is no association with the conditions mentioned above and the finding is monolateral, something which is unusual in the literature reviewed.
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ranking = 1
keywords = seminiferous tubule, tubule
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2/22. Pronounced cystic transformation of the rete testis. MRI appearance.

    BACKGROUND: Cystic transformation of the rete testis is a little-known partial or complete obstruction of the spermatozoa-containing secretion of the head of the epididymis. Depending on its severity, either ectasia or a cystic transformation occurs, which spreads to the network of convoluted seminiferous tubules in the mediastinum testis. Findings in contrast-enhanced MRI examinations are characteristic and may help to differentiate this benign entity from malignant neoplasia. The authors present two pronounced cases in different stages, documenting the broad spectrum of possible involvement.
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ranking = 1
keywords = seminiferous tubule, tubule
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3/22. Identification of seminiferous tubule aberrations and a low incidence of testicular microliths associated with the development of azoospermia.

    OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of percutaneous testicular sperm aspiration in the assessment of azoospermia and its association with seminiferous tubule microliths. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Tertiary care fertility center in a university hospital. PATIENT(S): male undergoing infertility evaluation. INTERVENTION(S): Testicular biopsy and percutaneous testicular aspiration. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): serum hormone analysis, sperm concentration in semen, spermatogenesis in samples from testicular biopsies and aspirations, and microlith composition. RESULT(S): A patient presented for infertility evaluation with a history of severe oligospermia that progressed to azoospermia. The serum testosterone concentration (357 ng/dL) and LH concentration (9.2 mIU/mL) were normal and the serum FSH concentration (18.3 mIU/mL) was elevated. Testicular biopsy results indicated spermatogenic hypoplasia with limited spermatozoa. seminiferous tubules obtained by percutaneous testicular aspiration were structurally aberrant, with multiple diverticula. Microliths averaging 120 microm in diameter were observed within and blocking the seminiferous tubules. The microliths were composed of calcium phosphate (hydroxyapatite) in both the core and peripheral regions. Electron microscopy revealed a high degree of collagen-like material within the peripheral zone. CONCLUSION(S): The presence of seminiferous tubule microliths is associated with the development of azoospermia. In patients with a low incidence of seminiferous tubule microliths and aberrant seminiferous tubule architecture, percutaneous testicular aspiration may provide a diagnostic advantage over testicular biopsy.
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ranking = 9.0023682732668
keywords = seminiferous tubule, tubule
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4/22. Testicular amyloid deposition as a cause of secondary azoospermia.

    We present a case of secondary infertility due to familial amyloidosis. The patient presented with azoospermia, and no other sequela of the disease. A testis biopsy revealed tubules demonstrating full spermatogenesis interspersed with hyalinized tubules containing amyloid, confirmed with congo red stain. A discussion regarding testicular amyloidosis is presented as well.
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ranking = 0.0047365465336106
keywords = tubule
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5/22. azoospermia due to testicular amyloidosis in a patient with familial mediterranean fever.

    We describe a patient suffering from familial mediterranean fever (FMF) who presented to our clinic with secondary infertility of 2 years due to amyloid A amyloidosis. His spermiogram disclosed azoospermia. A testicular biopsy revealed hyalinized tubules devoid of full spermatogenesis and containing abundant amyloid, confirmed by congo red stain. We suggest that testicular amyloidosis be taken into consideration when dealing with azoospermic FMF patients. In view of the progressive nature of amyloid accumulation in the testis we propose to follow routinely the spermiogram of FMF patients with renal amyloidosis. Furthermore, consideration of sperm cryopreservation is suggested in these cases. In FMF patients with azoospermia consideration of testicular biopsy is recommended as early as possible in order to increase the chance of sperm retrieval.
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ranking = 0.0023682732668053
keywords = tubule
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6/22. Case of mediastinal seminoma with testicular microlithiasis.

    Testicular microlithiasis is a rare condition in which calcified concretions fill the lumina of the seminiferous tubules. We report the case of a 19-year-old Japanese man with mediastinal seminoma, normal testicular physical findings and bilateral testicular microlithiasis seen on ultrasonography. Testicular needle biopsy demonstrated multiple laminated calcifications within the seminiferous tubules without any signals of a viable germ cell tumor. To our knowledge, this is only the sixth reported case of extragonadal germ cell tumor with testicular microlithiasis.
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ranking = 2
keywords = seminiferous tubule, tubule
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7/22. Testicular microlithiasis--one case and four points to note.

    A 38-year-old man with non-specific scrotal complaints was found to have bilateral testicular microlithiasis (TM) sonographically. MRI of the testes failed to depict microlithiasis. Bilateral double biopsies of the testes revealed testicular intraepithelial neoplasia (TIN; carcinoma in situ of the testis) in only one of the two biopsies from the right testis. At the request of the patient the biopsies were repeated, with the same histological result. A right-sided orchiectomy was performed. histology disclosed TIN in only some tubules of the lower pole of the testis. This case highlights four interesting points: (i) TM may be associated with testicular malignancy; (ii) MRI does not depict TM; (iii) TIN is arranged focally within the testis; and (iv) a two-site biopsy may increase the sensitivity of the diagnosis of TIN.
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ranking = 0.0023682732668053
keywords = tubule
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8/22. Macro-orchidism: light and electron microscopic study of four cases.

    A hormonal and quantitative light microscopy study of one man with macro-orchidism associated with mental retardation and fragile x chromosome (case no. 1) and three men with idiopathic macro-orchidism (cases no. 2 to 4) is reported. Hormonal study revealed slightly increased follicle-stimulating hormone serum levels in cases no. 1 to 3. The testes from cases no. 1 (orchidoepididymoectomy specimen) and 2 (testicular biopsy) presented interstitial edema and three different tubular patterns that were arranged in a mosaic-like manner. Type I tubules had an increased diameter (less than 220 microns), dilated lumen, and thin seminiferous epithelium usually consisting of sertoli cells, spermatogonia, primary spermatocytes, and sometimes a few spermatids. Type II tubules had a normal diameter (180 to 220 microns) and germ cell development varied between complete spermatogenesis and Sertoli-cell-only tubules. Type III tubules had decreased diameter (less than 180 microns), atrophic seminiferous epithelium, and thickened tunica propria. The appearance of the nuclei of the sertoli cells in the three types of tubules could be either mature or immature. Some of the mature sertoli cells presented a granular cytoplasm. A few of these granular cells grouped together, forming nests that protruded into the tubular lumen. The testicular biopsies from cases no. 3 and 4 only presented type II tubules that contained both mature and immature sertoli cells. Quantitative study revealed that the large testicular size was principally due to an increased tubular length in all four cases. Although the seminiferous tubule lesions and interstitial edema suggest an obstructive process, the testicular excretory ducts (studied in case no. 1) appeared normal or only slightly dilated. It is possible that the seminiferous tubule lesions (dilated lumen and germ cell depletion) might be secondary to the Sertoli cell lesions (granular cytoplasm and nuclear immature-like pattern.
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ranking = 2.0142096396008
keywords = seminiferous tubule, tubule
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9/22. Ultrasonographic findings of testicular microlithiasis associated with intratubular germ cell neoplasia.

    Testicular microlithiasis is an uncommon condition in which calcified concretions fill the lumina of seminiferous tubules. We report the case of a twenty-three-year-old white man with a metastatic germ cell tumor and normal findings on testicular physical examination, but abnormal ultrasonography of the right testis. orchiectomy revealed intratubular germ cell neoplasia with testicular microlithiasis. Multiple circular echogenic foci on ultrasound correlated with the histologic finding of testicular microlithiasis. Further studies are indicated for assessing ultrasonography as an adjunct for screening the population at risk for intratubular germ cell neoplasia.
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ranking = 1
keywords = seminiferous tubule, tubule
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10/22. Macroorchidism and testicular fibrosis associated with autoimmune thyroiditis.

    A 16-year-old male with long-standing atrophic chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis was evaluated for macroorchidism. A testicular biopsy prior to treatment revealed peritubular and interstitial fibrosis, reduced spermatogenesis and sparse Leydig cells with nonprominent smooth endoplasmic reticulum. Biological/immunological LH and FSH ratios were reduced, I-LH and FSH response to GnRH was blunted, and levels of testosterone and androstenedione were low. Twenty-two months after thyroid treatment, the testicular size was unchanged, and the degree of fibrosis showed minimal regression. spermatogenesis with normal morphology was present, leydig cells with Reinke crystals were present, and surface area and diameter of the seminiferous tubules had increased only slightly. There was a normal I-LH and FSH response to GnRH, and normal levels of testosterone and androstenedione. This study, along with previous reports, suggests that the etiology of the hypothyroid state may influence the development of testicular fibrosis.
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ranking = 1
keywords = seminiferous tubule, tubule
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